U.S Code last checked for updates: May 20, 2024
§ 6571.
Federal regulations
(a)
In general
(b)
Negotiated rulemaking process
(1)
In general
(2)
Meetings and electronic exchange
(3)
Proposed regulations
After obtaining such advice and recommendations, and before publishing proposed regulations, the Secretary shall—
(A)
establish a negotiated rulemaking process on, at a minimum, standards, assessments under section 6311(b)(2) of this title, and the requirement under section 6321 of this title that funds under part A be used to supplement, and not supplant, State and local funds;
(B)
select individuals to participate in such process from among individuals or groups that provided advice and recommendations, including representation from all geographic regions of the United States, in such numbers as will provide an equitable balance between representatives of parents and students and representatives of educators and education officials; and
(C)
prepare a draft of proposed policy options that shall be provided to the individuals selected by the Secretary under subparagraph (B) not less than 15 days before the first meeting under such process.
(4)
Process
Such process—
(A)
shall not be subject to chapter 10 of title 5; and
(B)
shall, unless otherwise provided as described in subsection (c), follow the provisions of subchapter III of chapter 5 of title V 1
1
 So in original. Probably should be “5”.
(commonly known as the “Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 1990”).
(c)
Alternative process for certain exceptions
If consensus, as defined in section 562 of title 5, on any proposed regulation is not reached by the individuals selected under subsection (b)(3)(B) for the negotiated rulemaking process, or if the Secretary determines that a negotiated rulemaking process is unnecessary, the Secretary may propose a regulation in the following manner:
(1)
Notice to Congress
Not less than 15 business days prior to issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register, the Secretary shall provide to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives, and other relevant congressional committees, notice of the Secretary’s intent to issue a notice of proposed rulemaking that shall include—
(A)
a copy of the proposed regulation;
(B)
the need to issue the regulation;
(C)
the anticipated burden, including the time, cost, and paperwork burden, the regulation will impose on State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools, and other entities that may be impacted by the regulation;
(D)
the anticipated benefits to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools, and other entities that may be impacted by the regulation; and
(E)
any regulations that will be repealed when the new regulation is issued.
(2)
Comment period for Congress
The Secretary shall—
(A)
before issuing any notice of proposed rulemaking under this subsection, provide Congress with a comment period of 15 business days to make comments on the proposed regulation, beginning on the date that the Secretary provides the notice of intent to the appropriate committees of Congress under paragraph (1); and
(B)
include and seek to address all comments submitted by Congress in the public rulemaking record for the regulation published in the Federal Register.
(3)
Comment and review period; emergency situations
The comment and review period for any proposed regulation shall be not less than 60 days unless an emergency requires a shorter period, in which case the Secretary shall—
(A)
designate the proposed regulation as an emergency with an explanation of the emergency in the notice to Congress under paragraph (1);
(B)
publish the length of the comment and review period in such notice and in the Federal Register; and
(C)
conduct immediately thereafter regional meetings to review such proposed regulation before issuing any final regulation.
(d)
Limitation
(e)
Rule of construction
(Pub. L. 89–10, title I, § 1601, formerly § 1901, as added Pub. L. 107–110, title I, § 101, Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1617; renumbered § 1601 and amended Pub. L. 114–95, title I, §§ 1501(a)(4), 1601(a), Dec. 10, 2015, 129 Stat. 1906, 1910; Pub. L. 117–286, § 4(a)(152), Dec. 27, 2022, 136 Stat. 4322.)
cite as: 20 USC 6571