U.S Code last checked for updates: Jun 23, 2024
§ 8013.
Supportive housing for persons with disabilities
(a)
Purpose
(1)
is designed to accommodate the special needs of such persons;
(2)
makes available supportive services that address the individual health, mental health, and other needs of such persons; and
(3)
promotes and facilitates community integration for people with significant and long-term disabilities.
(b)
Authority to provide assistance
The Secretary is authorized to take the following actions:
(1)
Tenant-based assistance
(2)
Capital advances
To provide assistance to private, nonprofit organizations to expand the supply of supportive housing for persons with disabilities, which shall be provided as—
(A)
capital advances in accordance with subsection (d)(1), and
(B)
contracts for project rental assistance in accordance with subsection (d)(2);
assistance under this paragraph may be used to finance the acquisition, acquisition and moderate rehabilitation, construction, reconstruction, or moderate or substantial rehabilitation of housing, including the acquisition from the Resolution Trust Corporation, to be used as supportive housing for persons with disabilities and may include real property acquisition, site improvement, conversion, demolition, relocation, and other expenses that the Secretary determines are necessary to expand the supply of supportive housing for persons with disabilities.
(3)
Project rental assistance
(A)
In general
(B)
Contract terms
(i)
Contract terms
Project rental assistance under this paragraph shall be provided—
(I)
in accordance with subsection (d)(2); and
(II)
under a contract having an initial term of not less than 180 months that provides funding for a term 60 months, which funding shall be renewed upon expiration, subject to the availability of sufficient amounts in appropriation Acts.
(ii)
Limitation on units assisted
(iii)
Prohibition of capital advances
(iv)
Eligible population
(C)
Eligible projects
An eligible project under this subparagraph is a new or existing multifamily housing project for which—
(i)
the development costs are paid with resources from other public or private sources; and
(ii)
a commitment has been made—
(I)
by the applicable State agency responsible for allocation of low-income housing tax credits under section 42 of title 26, for an allocation of such credits;
(II)
by the applicable participating jurisdiction that receives assistance under the HOME Investment Partnership 1
1
 So in original. Probably should be “Partnerships”.
Act [42 U.S.C. 12721 et seq.], for assistance from such jurisdiction; or
(III)
by any Federal agency or any State or local government, for funding for the project from funds from any other sources.
(D)
State agency involvement
Assistance under this paragraph may be provided only for projects for which the applicable State agency responsible for health and human services programs, and the applicable State agency designated to administer or supervise the administration of the State plan for medical assistance under title XIX of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.], have entered into such agreements as the Secretary considers appropriate—
(i)
to identify the target populations to be served by the project;
(ii)
to set forth methods for outreach and referral; and
(iii)
to make available appropriate services for tenants of the project.
(E)
Use requirements
(F)
Report
Not later than 3 years after January 4, 2011, and again 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report—
(i)
describing the assistance provided under this paragraph;
(ii)
analyzing the effectiveness of such assistance, including the effectiveness of such assistance compared to the assistance program for capital advances set forth under subsection (d)(1) (as in effect pursuant to the amendments made by such Act); 2
2
 See References in Text note below.
and
(iii)
making recommendations regarding future models for assistance under this section.
(c)
General requirements
The Secretary shall take such actions as may be necessary to ensure that—
(1)
assistance made available under this section will be used to meet the housing and community-based services needs of persons with disabilities by providing a variety of housing options, ranging from group homes and independent living facilities to dwelling units in multifamily housing developments, condominium housing, and cooperative housing; and
(2)
supportive housing for persons with disabilities assisted under this section shall—
(A)
make available voluntary supportive services that address the individual needs of persons with disabilities occupying such housing;
(B)
provide such persons with opportunities for optimal independent living and participation in normal daily activities; and
(C)
facilitate access by such persons to the community at large and to suitable employment opportunities within such community.
(d)
Forms of assistance
(1)
Capital advances
(2)
Project rental assistance
(A)
Initial project rental assistance contract
(B)
Renewal of and increases in contract amounts
(i)
Expiration of contract term
(ii)
Emergency situations
(3)
Rent contribution
(4)
Tenant-based rental assistance
(A)
In general
(B)
Conversion of existing assistance
(C)
Requirements upon turnover
(e)
Program requirements
(1)
Use restrictions
(A)
Term
(B)
Conversion
(2)
Contract terms
(3)
Limitation on use of funds
(4)
Multifamily projects
(A)
Limitation
(B)
Exception
(f)
Applications
Funds made available under subsection (b)(2) shall be allocated by the Secretary among approvable applications submitted by private nonprofit organizations. Applications for assistance under subsection (b)(2) shall be submitted in such form and in accordance with such procedures as the Secretary shall establish. Such applications shall contain—
(1)
a description of the proposed housing;
(2)
a description of the assistance the applicant seeks under this section;
(3)
a supportive service plan that contains—
(A)
a description of the needs of persons with disabilities that the housing is expected to serve;
(B)
assurances that persons with disabilities occupying such housing will be offered supportive services based on their individual needs;
(C)
evidence of the applicant’s experience in—
(i)
providing such supportive services; or
(ii)
creating and managing structured partnerships with service providers for the delivery of appropriate community-based services;
(D)
a description of the manner in which such services will be provided to tenants; and
(E)
identification of the extent of other Federal, and State and local funds available to assist in the provision of such services;
(4)
a certification from the appropriate State or local agency (as determined by the Secretary) that the provision of the services identified in paragraph (3) are well designed to serve the housing and community-based services needs of persons with disabilities;
(5)
reasonable assurances that the applicant will own or have control of an acceptable site for the proposed housing not later than 6 months after notification of an award for assistance;
(6)
a certification from the public official responsible for submitting a housing strategy for the jurisdiction to be served in accordance with section 12705 of this title that the proposed housing is consistent with the approved housing strategy; and
(7)
such other information or certifications that the Secretary determines to be necessary or appropriate to achieve the purposes of this section.
(g)
Selection criteria and processing
(1)
Selection criteria
The Secretary shall establish selection criteria for assistance under subsection (b)(2), which shall include—
(A)
the ability of the applicant to develop and operate the proposed housing;
(B)
the need for housing for persons with disabilities in the area to be served;
(C)
the extent to which the proposed design of the housing will meet the special needs of persons with disabilities;
(D)
the extent to which the applicant has demonstrated that appropriate supportive services will be made available on a consistent, long-term basis;
(E)
the extent to which the location and design of the proposed project will facilitate the provision of community-based supportive services and address other basic needs of persons with disabilities, including access to appropriate and accessible transportation, access to community services agencies, public facilities, and shopping;
(F)
the extent to which the per-unit cost of units to be assisted under this section will be supplemented with resources from other public and private sources;
(G)
the extent to which the applicant has control of the site of the proposed housing; and
(H)
such other factors as the Secretary determines to be appropriate to ensure that funds made available under subsection (b)(2) are used effectively.
(2)
Delegated processing
(A)
In issuing a capital advance under subsection (d)(1) for any multifamily project (but not including any project that is a group home or independent living facility) for which financing for the purposes described in the last sentence of subsection (b) is provided by a combination of the capital advance and sources other than this section, within 30 days of award of the capital advance, the Secretary shall delegate review and processing of such projects to a State or local housing agency that—
(i)
is in geographic proximity to the property;
(ii)
has demonstrated experience in and capacity for underwriting multifamily housing loans that provide housing and supportive services;
(iii)
may or may not be providing low-income housing tax credits in combination with the capital advance under this section; and
(iv)
agrees to issue a firm commitment within 12 months of delegation.
(B)
The Secretary shall retain the authority to process capital advances in cases in which no State or local housing agency is sufficiently qualified to provide delegated processing pursuant to this paragraph or no such agency has entered into an agreement with the Secretary to serve as a delegated processing agency.
(C)
The Secretary shall—
(i)
develop criteria and a timeline to periodically assess the performance of State and local housing agencies in carrying out the duties delegated to such agencies pursuant to subparagraph (A); and
(ii)
retain the authority to review and process projects financed by a capital advance in the event that, after a review and assessment, a State or local housing agency is determined to have failed to satisfy the criteria established pursuant to clause (i).
(D)
An agency to which review and processing is delegated pursuant to subparagraph (A) may assess a reasonable fee which shall be included in the capital advance amounts and may recommend project rental assistance amounts in excess of those initially awarded by the Secretary. The Secretary shall develop a schedule for reasonable fees under this subparagraph to be paid to delegated processing agencies, which shall take into consideration any other fees to be paid to the agency for other funding provided to the project by the agency, including bonds, tax credits, and other gap funding.
(E)
Under such delegated system, the Secretary shall retain the authority to approve rents and development costs and to execute a capital advance within 60 days of receipt of the commitment from the State or local agency. The Secretary shall provide to such agency and the project sponsor, in writing, the reasons for any reduction in capital advance amounts or project rental assistance and such reductions shall be subject to appeal.
(h)
Development cost limitations
(1)
Group homes
The Secretary shall periodically establish development cost limitations by market area for group homes of supportive housing for persons with disabilities by publishing a notice of the cost limitations in the Federal Register. The cost limitations shall reflect—
(A)
the cost of acquisition, construction, reconstruction, or rehabilitation of supportive housing for persons with disabilities that (i) meets applicable State and local housing and building codes; and (ii) conforms with the design characteristics of the neighborhood in which it is to be located;
(B)
the cost of movables necessary to the basic operation of the housing, as determined by the Secretary;
(C)
the cost of special design features necessary to make the housing accessible to persons with disabilities;
(D)
the cost of special design features necessary to make individual dwelling units meet the special needs of persons with disabilities;
(E)
if the housing is newly constructed, the cost of meeting the energy efficiency standards promulgated by the Secretary in accordance with section 12709 of this title; and
(F)
the cost of land, including necessary site improvement.
In establishing development cost limitations for a given market area, the Secretary shall use data that reflect currently prevailing costs of acquisition, construction, reconstruction, or rehabilitation, and land acquisition in the area. Neither this section nor any other provision of law may be construed as prohibiting or preventing the location and operation, in a project assisted under this section, of commercial facilities for the benefit of residents of the project and the community in which the project is located, except that assistance made available under this section may not be used to subsidize any such commercial facility.
(2)
RTC properties
In the case of existing housing and related facilities from the Resolution Trust Corporation under section 1441a(c) 2 of title 12, the cost limitations shall include—
(A)
the cost of acquiring such housing,
(B)
the cost of rehabilitation, alteration, conversion, or improvement, including the moderate rehabilitation thereof, and
(C)
the cost of the land on which the housing and related facilities are located.
(3)
Annual adjustments
(4)
Incentives for savings
(A)
Special project account
(B)
Uses
(5)
Funds from other sources
(6)
Applicability of home program cost limitations
(A)
In general
(B)
Waivers
The Secretary may provide for waiver of the cost limits applicable pursuant to subparagraph (A)—
(i)
in the cases in which the cost limits established pursuant to section 212(e) of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act may be waived; and
(ii)
to provide for—
(I)
the cost of special design features to make the housing accessible to persons with disabilities;
(II)
the cost of special design features necessary to make individual dwelling units meet the special needs of persons with disabilities; and
(III)
the cost of providing the housing in a location that is accessible to public transportation and community organizations that provide supportive services to persons with disabilities.
(i)
Admission and occupancy
(1)
Tenant selection
(A)
Procedures
(B)
Requirement for occupancy
(C)
Availability
(D)
Limitation on occupancy
(2)
Tenant protections
(A)
Lease
(B)
Termination of tenancy
An owner may not terminate the tenancy or refuse to renew the lease of a tenant of a rental dwelling unit assisted under this section except—
(i)
for serious or repeated violation of the terms and conditions of the lease, for violation of applicable Federal, State, or local law, or for other good cause; and
(ii)
by providing the tenant, not less than 30 days before such termination or refusal to renew, with written notice specifying the grounds for such action.
(C)
Voluntary participation in services
(j)
Miscellaneous provisions
(1)
Technical assistance
(2)
Civil rights compliance
(3)
Site control
(4)
Notice of appeal
(5)
Labor standards
(A)
In general
(B)
Exemption
Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any individual who—
(i)
performs services for which the individual volunteered;
(ii)
(I)
does not receive compensation for such services; or
(II)
is paid expenses, reasonable benefits, or a nominal fee for such services; and
(iii)
is not otherwise employed at any time in the construction work.
(6)
Use of project reserves
(7)
Carbon monoxide alarms
Each dwelling unit assisted under this section shall contain installed carbon monoxide alarms or detectors that meet or exceed—
(A)
the standards described in chapters 9 and 11 of the 2018 publication of the International Fire Code, as published by the International Code Council; or
(B)
any other standards as may be adopted by the Secretary, including any relevant updates to the International Fire Code, through a notice published in the Federal Register.
(k)
Definitions
As used in this section—
(1)
The term “group home” means a single family residential structure designed or adapted for occupancy by not more than 8 persons with disabilities, which provides a separate bedroom for each tenant of the residence. The Secretary may waive the project size limitation contained in the previous sentence if the applicant demonstrates that local market conditions dictate the development of a larger project. Not later than the date of the exercise of any waiver permitted under the previous sentence, the Secretary shall notify the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives of the waiver or the intention to exercise the waiver, together with a detailed explanation of the reason for the waiver. Not more than 1 home may be located on any one site and no such home may be located on a site contiguous to another site containing such a home.
(2)
The term “person with disabilities” means a household composed of one or more persons who is 18 years of age or older and less than 62 years of age, and who has a disability. A person shall be considered to have a disability if such person is determined, pursuant to regulations issued by the Secretary to have a physical, mental, or emotional impairment which (A) is expected to be of long-continued and indefinite duration, (B) substantially impedes his or her ability to live independently, and (C) is of such a nature that such ability could be improved by more suitable housing conditions. A person shall also be considered to have a disability if such person has a developmental disability as defined in section 15002 of this title. The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to prevent abuses in determining, under the definitions contained in this paragraph, the eligibility of families and persons for admission to and occupancy of housing assisted under this section. Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this paragraph, the term “person with disabilities” includes two or more persons with disabilities living together, one or more such persons living with another person who is determined (under regulations prescribed by the Secretary) to be important to their care or well-being, and the surviving member or members of any household described in the first sentence of this paragraph who were living, in a unit assisted under this section, with the deceased member of the household at the time of his or her death.
(3)
The term “supportive housing for persons with disabilities” means dwelling units that—
(A)
are designed to meet the permanent housing needs of very low-income persons with disabilities; and
(B)
are located in housing that make available supportive services that address the individual health, mental health, or other needs of such persons.
(4)
The term “independent living facility” means a project designed for occupancy by not more than 24 persons with disabilities (or such higher number of persons as permitted under criteria that the Secretary shall prescribe) in separate dwelling units where each dwelling unit includes a kitchen and a bath. Not later than the date that the Secretary prescribes a limit exceeding the 24 person limit in the previous sentence, the Secretary shall notify the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives of the limit or the intention to prescribe a limit in excess of 24 persons, together with a detailed explanation of the reason for the new limit.
(5)
The term “owner” means a private nonprofit organization that receives assistance under this section to develop and operate supportive housing for persons with disabilities.
(6)
The term “private nonprofit organization” means any institution or foundation—
(A)
that has received, or has temporary clearance to receive, tax-exempt status under section 501(c)(3) of title 26;
(B)
no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any member, founder, contributor, or individual;
(C)
which has a governing board (i) the membership of which is selected in a manner to assure that there is significant representation of the views of persons with disabilities, and (ii) which is responsible for the operation of the housing assisted under this section; and
(D)
which is approved by the Secretary as to financial responsibility.
Such term includes a for-profit limited partnership the sole general partner of which is an organization meeting the requirements under subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) or a corporation controlled by an organization meeting the requirements under subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D).
(7)
The term “State” includes the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the possessions of the United States.
(8)
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
(9)
The term “very low-income” has the same meaning as given the term “very low-income families” under section 1437a(b)(2) of this title.
(l)
Allocation of funds
(1)
Minimum allocation for multifamily projects
(2)
Capital advances
(3)
Project rental assistance
(m)
Authorization of appropriations
(n)
Effective date and applicability
(1)
In general
(2)
Earlier applicability
(3)
Coordination
(Pub. L. 101–625, title VIII, § 811, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4324; Pub. L. 102–27, title II, Apr. 10, 1991, 105 Stat. 150; Pub. L. 102–550, title VI, §§ 601(d), 603, 623(a), title IX, § 913(b), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3803, 3805, 3818, 3877; Pub. L. 106–74, title V, §§ 512, 524(a), Oct. 20, 1999, 113 Stat. 1101, 1106; Pub. L. 106–402, title IV, § 401(b)(11), Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1739; Pub. L. 106–569, title VIII, §§ 822, 841–845, Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 3020, 3022, 3023; Pub. L. 111–374, §§ 2(a), 3–6, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 4089–4098; Pub. L. 116–260, div. Q, title I, § 101(d), Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 2164; Pub. L. 117–328, div. AA, title VI, § 601(c), Dec. 29, 2022, 136 Stat. 5545.)
cite as: 42 USC 8013