U.S Code last checked for updates: Jun 15, 2024
§ 663.
Use of Federal Parent Locator Service in connection with enforcement or determination of child custody in cases of parental kidnaping of child
(a)
Agreements with States for use of Federal Parent Locator Service
The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with every State under which the services of the Federal Parent Locator Service established under section 653 of this title shall be made available to each State for the purpose of determining the whereabouts of any parent or child when such information is to be used to locate such parent or child for the purpose of—
(1)
enforcing any State or Federal law with respect to the unlawful taking or restraint of a child; or
(2)
making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination.
(b)
Requests from authorized persons for information
An agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that the State agency described in section 654 of this title will, under procedures prescribed by the Secretary in regulations, receive and transmit to the Secretary requests from authorized persons for information as to (or useful in determining) the whereabouts of any parent or child when such information is to be used to locate such parent or child for the purpose of—
(1)
enforcing any State or Federal law with respect to the unlawful taking or restraint of a child; or
(2)
making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination.
(c)
Information which may be disclosed
(d)
“Custody or visitation determination” and “authorized person” defined
For purposes of this section—
(1)
the term “custody or visitation determination” means a judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the custody or visitation of a child, and includes permanent and temporary orders, and initial orders and modification;
(2)
the term “authorized person” means—
(A)
any agent or attorney of any State having an agreement under this section, who has the duty or authority under the law of such State to enforce a child custody or visitation determination;
(B)
any court having jurisdiction to make or enforce such a child custody or visitation determination, or any agent of such court; and
(C)
any agent or attorney of the United States, or of a State having an agreement under this section, who has the duty or authority to investigate, enforce, or bring a prosecution with respect to the unlawful taking or restraint of a child.
(e)
Agreement on use of Federal Parent Locator Service with United States Central Authority under Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
(f)
Agreement to assist in locating missing children under Federal Parent Locator Service
The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the Attorney General of the United States, under which the services of the Federal Parent Locator Service established under section 653 of this title shall be made available to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention upon its request to locate any parent or child on behalf of such Office for the purpose of—
(1)
enforcing any State or Federal law with respect to the unlawful taking or restraint of a child, or
(2)
making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination.
The Federal Parent Locator Service shall charge no fees for services requested pursuant to this subsection.
(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title IV, § 463, as added Pub. L. 96–611, § 9(b),
cite as: 42 USC 663