U.S Code last checked for updates: May 27, 2024
§ 657.
Distribution of collected support
(a)
In general
Subject to subsections (d) and (e), the amounts collected on behalf of a family as support by a State pursuant to a plan approved under this part shall be distributed as follows:
(1)
Families receiving assistance
In the case of a family receiving assistance from the State, the State shall—
(A)
pay to the Federal Government the Federal share of the amount collected, subject to paragraph (3)(A);
(B)
retain, or pay to the family, the State share of the amount collected, subject to paragraph (3)(B); and
(C)
pay to the family any remaining amount.
(2)
Families that formerly received assistance
In the case of a family that formerly received assistance from the State:
(A)
Current support
(B)
Arrearages
Except as otherwise provided in an election made under section 654(34) of this title, to the extent that the amount collected exceeds the current support amount, the State—
(i)
shall first pay to the family the excess amount, to the extent necessary to satisfy support arrearages not assigned pursuant to section 608(a)(3) of this title;
(ii)
if the amount collected exceeds the amount required to be paid to the family under clause (i), shall—
(I)
pay to the Federal Government the Federal share of the excess amount described in this clause, subject to paragraph (3)(A); and
(II)
retain, or pay to the family, the State share of the excess amount described in this clause, subject to paragraph (3)(B); and
(iii)
shall pay to the family any remaining amount.
(3)
Limitations
(A)
Federal reimbursements
(B)
State reimbursements
(4)
Families that never received assistance
(5)
Families under certain agreements
(6)
State option to pass through additional support with Federal financial participation
(A)
Families that formerly received assistance
(B)
Families that currently receive assistance
(i)
In general
Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in the case of a family that receives assistance from the State, a State shall not be required to pay to the Federal Government the Federal share of the excepted portion (as defined in clause (ii)) of any amount collected on behalf of such family during a month to the extent that—
(I)
the State pays the excepted portion to the family; and
(II)
the excepted portion is disregarded in determining the amount and type of assistance provided to the family under such program.
(ii)
Excepted portion defined
(b)
Continuation of assignments
(1)
State option to discontinue pre-1997 support assignments
(A)
In general
(B)
Distribution of amounts after assignment discontinuation
(2)
State option to discontinue post-1997 assignments
(A)
In general
(B)
Distribution of amounts after assignment discontinuation
(c)
Definitions
As used in subsection (a):
(1)
Assistance
The term “assistance from the State” means—
(A)
assistance under the State program funded under part A or under the State plan approved under part A of this subchapter (as in effect on the day before August 22, 1996); and
(B)
foster care maintenance payments under the State plan approved under part E of this subchapter.
(2)
Federal share
(3)
Federal medical assistance percentage
The term “Federal medical assistance percentage” means—
(A)
75 percent, in the case of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa; or
(B)
the Federal medical assistance percentage (as defined in section 1396d(b) of this title, as such section was in effect on September 30, 1995) in the case of any other State.
(4)
State share
(5)
Current support amount
(d)
Gap payments not subject to distribution under this section
(e)
Amounts collected for child for whom foster care maintenance payments are made
Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this section, amounts collected by a State as child support for months in any period on behalf of a child for whom a public agency is making foster care maintenance payments under part E of this subchapter—
(1)
shall be retained by the State to the extent necessary to reimburse it for the foster care maintenance payments made with respect to the child during such period (with appropriate reimbursement of the Federal Government to the extent of its participation in the financing);
(2)
shall be paid to the public agency responsible for supervising the placement of the child to the extent that the amounts collected exceed the foster care maintenance payments made with respect to the child during such period but not the amounts required by a court or administrative order to be paid as support on behalf of the child during such period; and the responsible agency may use the payments in the manner it determines will serve the best interests of the child, including setting such payments aside for the child’s future needs or making all or a part thereof available to the person responsible for meeting the child’s day-to-day needs; and
(3)
shall be retained by the State, if any portion of the amounts collected remains after making the payments required under paragraphs (1) and (2), to the extent that such portion is necessary to reimburse the State (with appropriate reimbursement to the Federal Government to the extent of its participation in the financing) for any past foster care maintenance payments (or payments of assistance under the State program funded under part A) which were made with respect to the child (and with respect to which past collections have not previously been retained);
and any balance shall be paid to the State agency responsible for supervising the placement of the child, for use by such agency in accordance with paragraph (2).
(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title IV, § 457, as added Pub. L. 93–647, § 101(a), Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2356; amended Pub. L. 95–171, § 11, Nov. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 1357; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIII, § 2332(e), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 862; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VI, § 2640(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1145; Pub. L. 98–378, §§ 7(a), 11(a), Aug. 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 1315, 1317; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, §§ 1883(b)(6), 1899(a), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2917, 2957; Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9141(a)(1), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–321; Pub. L. 100–485, title I, § 102(b), Oct. 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 2346; Pub. L. 104–193, title III, § 302(a), Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2200; Pub. L. 105–33, title V, §§ 5532(a), (b)(1), (c)–(h), 5547, Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 626, 627, 632; Pub. L. 106–169, title III, § 301(a), (c), title IV, § 401(j), (k), Dec. 14, 1999, 113 Stat. 1857, 1858; Pub. L. 109–171, title VII, §§ 7301(b)(1)(A), (B)(i), (iii), (2), (c), 7310(b), Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 141–143, 147.)
cite as: 42 USC 657