U.S Code last checked for updates: May 24, 2024
§ 608.
Prohibitions; requirements
(a)
In general
(1)
No assistance for families without a minor child
(2)
Reduction or elimination of assistance for noncooperation in establishing paternity or obtaining child support
If the agency responsible for administering the State plan approved under part D determines that an individual is not cooperating with the State in establishing paternity or in establishing, modifying, or enforcing a support order with respect to a child of the individual, and the individual does not qualify for any good cause or other exception established by the State pursuant to section 654(29) of this title, then the State—
(A)
shall deduct from the assistance that would otherwise be provided to the family of the individual under the State program funded under this part an amount equal to not less than 25 percent of the amount of such assistance; and
(B)
may deny the family any assistance under the State program.
(3)
No assistance for families not assigning certain support rights to the State
(4)
No assistance for teenage parents who do not attend high school or other equivalent training program
A State to which a grant is made under section 603 of this title shall not use any part of the grant to provide assistance to an individual who has not attained 18 years of age, is not married, has a minor child at least 12 weeks of age in his or her care, and has not successfully completed a high-school education (or its equivalent), if the individual does not participate in—
(A)
educational activities directed toward the attainment of a high school diploma or its equivalent; or
(B)
an alternative educational or training program that has been approved by the State.
(5)
No assistance for teenage parents not living in adult-supervised settings
(A)
In general
(i)
Requirement
(ii)
Individual described
For purposes of clause (i), an individual described in this clause is an individual who—
(I)
has not attained 18 years of age; and
(II)
is not married, and has a minor child in his or her care.
(B)
Exception
(i)
Provision of, or assistance in locating, adult-supervised living arrangement
(ii)
Individual described
For purposes of clause (i), an individual is described in this clause if the individual is described in subparagraph (A)(ii), and—
(I)
the individual has no parent, legal guardian, or other appropriate adult relative described in subclause (II) of his or her own who is living or whose whereabouts are known;
(II)
no living parent, legal guardian, or other appropriate adult relative, who would otherwise meet applicable State criteria to act as the individual’s legal guardian, of such individual allows the individual to live in the home of such parent, guardian, or relative;
(III)
the State agency determines that—
(aa)
the individual or the minor child referred to in subparagraph (A)(ii)(II) is being or has been subjected to serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, or exploitation in the residence of the individual’s own parent or legal guardian; or
(bb)
substantial evidence exists of an act or failure to act that presents an imminent or serious harm if the individual and the minor child lived in the same residence with the individual’s own parent or legal guardian; or
(IV)
the State agency otherwise determines that it is in the best interest of the minor child to waive the requirement of subparagraph (A) with respect to the individual or the minor child.
(iii)
Second-chance home
(6)
No medical services
(A)
In general
(B)
Exception for prepregnancy family planning services
(7)
No assistance for more than 5 years
(A)
In general
(B)
Minor child exception
In determining the number of months for which an individual who is a parent or pregnant has received assistance under the State program funded under this part, the State shall disregard any month for which such assistance was provided with respect to the individual and during which the individual was—
(i)
a minor child; and
(ii)
not the head of a household or married to the head of a household.
(C)
Hardship exception
(i)
In general
(ii)
Limitation
(iii)
Battered or subject to extreme cruelty defined
For purposes of clause (i), an individual has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty if the individual has been subjected to—
(I)
physical acts that resulted in, or threatened to result in, physical injury to the individual;
(II)
sexual abuse;
(III)
sexual activity involving a dependent child;
(IV)
being forced as the caretaker relative of a dependent child to engage in nonconsensual sexual acts or activities;
(V)
threats of, or attempts at, physical or sexual abuse;
(VI)
mental abuse; or
(VII)
neglect or deprivation of medical care.
(D)
Disregard of months of assistance received by adult while living in Indian country or an Alaskan Native village with 50 percent unemployment
(i)
In general
(ii)
“Indian country” defined
(E)
Rule of interpretation
(F)
Rule of interpretation
(G)
Inapplicability to welfare-to-work grants and assistance
(8)
Denial of assistance for 10 years to a person found to have fraudulently misrepresented residence in order to obtain assistance in 2 or more States
(9)
Denial of assistance for fugitive felons and probation and parole violators
(A)
In general
A State to which a grant is made under section 603 of this title shall not use any part of the grant to provide assistance to any individual who is—
(i)
fleeing to avoid prosecution, or custody or confinement after conviction, under the laws of the place from which the individual flees, for a crime, or an attempt to commit a crime, which is a felony under the laws of the place from which the individual flees, or which, in the case of the State of New Jersey, is a high misdemeanor under the laws of such State; or
(ii)
violating a condition of probation or parole imposed under Federal or State law.
The preceding sentence shall not apply with respect to conduct of an individual, for any month beginning after the President of the United States grants a pardon with respect to the conduct.
(B)
Exchange of information with law enforcement agencies
If a State to which a grant is made under section 603 of this title establishes safeguards against the use or disclosure of information about applicants or recipients of assistance under the State program funded under this part, the safeguards shall not prevent the State agency administering the program from furnishing a Federal, State, or local law enforcement officer, upon the request of the officer, with the current address of any recipient if the officer furnishes the agency with the name of the recipient and notifies the agency that—
(i)
the recipient—
(I)
is described in subparagraph (A); or
(II)
has information that is necessary for the officer to conduct the official duties of the officer; and
(ii)
the location or apprehension of the recipient is within such official duties.
(10)
Denial of assistance for minor children who are absent from the home for a significant period
(A)
In general
(B)
State authority to establish good cause exceptions
(C)
Denial of assistance for relative who fails to notify State agency of absence of child
(11)
Medical assistance required to be provided for certain families having earnings from employment or child support
(A)
Earnings from employment
(B)
Child support
(12)
State requirement to prevent unauthorized spending of benefits
(A)
In general
A State to which a grant is made under section 603 of this title shall maintain policies and practices as necessary to prevent assistance provided under the State program funded under this part from being used in any electronic benefit transfer transaction in—
(i)
any liquor store;
(ii)
any casino, gambling casino, or gaming establishment; or
(iii)
any retail establishment which provides adult-oriented entertainment in which performers disrobe or perform in an unclothed state for entertainment.
(B)
Definitions
For purposes of subparagraph (A)—
(i)
Liquor store
(ii)
Casino, gambling casino, or gaming establishment
The terms “casino”, “gambling casino”, and “gaming establishment” do not include—
(I)
a grocery store which sells groceries including such staple foods and which also offers, or is located within the same building or complex as, casino, gambling, or gaming activities; or
(II)
any other establishment that offers casino, gambling, or gaming activities incidental to the principal purpose of the business.
(iii)
Electronic benefit transfer transaction
(b)
Individual responsibility plans
(1)
Assessment
The State agency responsible for administering the State program funded under this part shall make an initial assessment of the skills, prior work experience, and employability of each recipient of assistance under the program who—
(A)
has attained 18 years of age; or
(B)
has not completed high school or obtained a certificate of high school equivalency, and is not attending secondary school.
(2)
Contents of plans
(A)
In general
On the basis of the assessment made under subsection (a) with respect to an individual, the State agency, in consultation with the individual, may develop an individual responsibility plan for the individual, which—
(i)
sets forth an employment goal for the individual and a plan for moving the individual immediately into private sector employment;
(ii)
sets forth the obligations of the individual, which may include a requirement that the individual attend school, maintain certain grades and attendance, keep school age children of the individual in school, immunize children, attend parenting and money management classes, or do other things that will help the individual become and remain employed in the private sector;
(iii)
to the greatest extent possible is designed to move the individual into whatever private sector employment the individual is capable of handling as quickly as possible, and to increase the responsibility and amount of work the individual is to handle over time;
(iv)
describes the services the State will provide the individual so that the individual will be able to obtain and keep employment in the private sector, and describe the job counseling and other services that will be provided by the State; and
(v)
may require the individual to undergo appropriate substance abuse treatment.
(B)
Timing
The State agency may comply with paragraph (1) with respect to an individual—
(i)
within 90 days (or, at the option of the State, 180 days) after the effective date of this part, in the case of an individual who, as of such effective date, is a recipient of aid under the State plan approved under part A (as in effect immediately before such effective date); or
(ii)
within 30 days (or, at the option of the State, 90 days) after the individual is determined to be eligible for such assistance, in the case of any other individual.
(3)
Penalty for noncompliance by individual
(4)
State discretion
(c)
Sanctions against recipients not considered wage reductions
(d)
Nondiscrimination provisions
The following provisions of law shall apply to any program or activity which receives funds provided under this part:
(1)
The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.).
(3)
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.).
(4)
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.).
(e)
Special rules relating to treatment of certain aliens
(f)
Special rules relating to treatment of non-213A aliens
The following rules shall apply if a State elects to take the income or resources of any sponsor of a non-213A alien into account in determining whether the alien is eligible for assistance under the State program funded under this part, or in determining the amount or types of such assistance to be provided to the alien:
(1)
Deeming of sponsor’s income and resources
For a period of 3 years after a non-213A alien enters the United States:
(A)
Income deeming rule
The income of any sponsor of the alien and of any spouse of the sponsor is deemed to be income of the alien, to the extent that the total amount of the income exceeds the sum of—
(i)
the lesser of—
(I)
20 percent of the total of any amounts received by the sponsor or any such spouse in the month as wages or salary or as net earnings from self-employment, plus the full amount of any costs incurred by the sponsor and any such spouse in producing self-employment income in such month; or
(II)
$175;
(ii)
the cash needs standard established by the State for purposes of determining eligibility for assistance under the State program funded under this part for a family of the same size and composition as the sponsor and any other individuals living in the same household as the sponsor who are claimed by the sponsor as dependents for purposes of determining the sponsor’s Federal personal income tax liability but whose needs are not taken into account in determining whether the sponsor’s family has met the cash needs standard;
(iii)
any amounts paid by the sponsor or any such spouse to individuals not living in the household who are claimed by the sponsor as dependents for purposes of determining the sponsor’s Federal personal income tax liability; and
(iv)
any payments of alimony or child support with respect to individuals not living in the household.
(B)
Resource deeming rule
(C)
Sponsors of multiple non-213A aliens
(2)
Ineligibility of non-213A aliens sponsored by agencies; exception
(3)
Information provisions
(A)
Duties of non-213A aliens
A non-213A alien, as a condition of eligibility for assistance under a State program funded under this part during the period of 3 years after the alien enters the United States, shall be required to provide to the State agency administering the program—
(i)
such information and documentation with respect to the alien’s sponsor as may be necessary in order for the State agency to make any determination required under this subsection, and to obtain any cooperation from the sponsor necessary for any such determination; and
(ii)
such information and documentation as the State agency may request and which the alien or the alien’s sponsor provided in support of the alien’s immigration application.
(B)
Duties of Federal agencies
(4)
“Non-213A alien” defined
(5)
Inapplicability to alien minor sponsored by a parent
(6)
Inapplicability to certain categories of aliens
This subsection shall not apply to an alien who is—
(A)
admitted to the United States as a refugee under section 207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act [8 U.S.C. 1157];
(B)
paroled into the United States under section 212(d)(5) of such Act [8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(5)] for a period of at least 1 year; or
(C)
granted political asylum by the Attorney General under section 208 of such Act [8 U.S.C. 1158].
(g)
State required to provide certain information
(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title IV, § 408, as added Pub. L. 104–193, title I, § 103(a)(1), Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2134; amended Pub. L. 105–33, title V, §§ 5001(d), (h)(1), 5505, 5514(c), 5532(b)(2), 5581(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 591, 593, 610, 620, 626, 642; Pub. L. 109–171, title VII, § 7301(a), Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 141; Pub. L. 110–234, title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(B), (2)(V), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1096, 1097; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(B), (2)(V), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1857, 1858; Pub. L. 112–96, title IV, § 4004(a), Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 197.)
cite as: 42 USC 608