U.S Code last checked for updates: Jun 13, 2021
§ 403.
Highway safety research and development
(a)
Defined Term.—
In this section, the term “Federal laboratory” includes—
(1)
a government-owned, government-operated laboratory; and
(2)
a government-owned, contractor-operated laboratory.
(b)
General Authority.—
(1)
Research and development activities.—
The Secretary may conduct research and development activities, including demonstration projects and the collection and analysis of highway and motor vehicle safety data and related information needed to carry out this section, with respect to—
(A)
all aspects of highway and traffic safety systems and conditions relating to—
(i)
vehicle, highway, driver, passenger, motorcyclist, bicyclist, and pedestrian characteristics;
(ii)
accident causation and investigations;
(iii)
communications; and
(iv)
emergency medical services, including the transportation of the injured;
(B)
human behavioral factors and their effect on highway and traffic safety, including—
(i)
driver education;
(ii)
impaired driving; and
(iii)
distracted driving;
(C)
an evaluation of the effectiveness of countermeasures to increase highway and traffic safety, including occupant protection and alcohol- and drug-impaired driving technologies and initiatives;
(D)
the development of technologies to detect drug impaired drivers;
(E)
research on, evaluations of, and identification of best practices related to driver education programs (including driver education curricula, instructor training and certification, program administration, and delivery mechanisms) and make recommendations for harmonizing driver education and multistage graduated licensing systems; and
(F)
the effect of State laws on any aspects, activities, or programs described in subparagraphs (A) through (E).
(2)
Cooperation, grants, and contracts.—
The Secretary may carry out this section—
(A)
independently;
(B)
in cooperation with other Federal departments, agencies, and instrumentalities and Federal laboratories;
(C)
by entering into contracts, cooperative agreements, and other transactions with the National Academy of Sciences, any Federal laboratory, State or local agency, authority, association, institution, foreign government (in coordination with the Department of State) or person (as defined in chapter 1 of title 1); or
(D)
by making grants to the National Academy of Sciences, any Federal laboratory, State or local agency, authority, association, institution, or person (as defined in chapter 1 of title 1).
(c)
Collaborative Research and Development.—
(1)
In general.—
To encourage innovative solutions to highway safety problems, stimulate voluntary improvements in highway safety, and stimulate the marketing of new highway safety related technology by private industry, the Secretary is authorized to carry out, on a cost-shared basis, collaborative research and development with—
(A)
non-Federal entities, including State and local governments, foreign governments, colleges, universities, corporations, partnerships, sole proprietorships, organizations, and trade associations that are incorporated or established under the laws of any State or the United States; and
(B)
Federal laboratories.
(2)
Agreements.—
In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary may enter into cooperative research and development agreements (as defined in section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a)) in which the Secretary provides not more than 50 percent of the cost of any research or development project under this subsection.
(3)
Use of technology.—
The research, development, or use of any technology pursuant to an agreement under this subsection, including the terms under which technology may be licensed and the resulting royalties may be distributed, shall be subject to the provisions of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).
(d)
Title to Equipment.—
In furtherance of the purposes set forth in section 402, the Secretary may vest title to equipment purchased for demonstration projects with funds authorized under this section to State or local agencies on such terms and conditions as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
(e)
Prohibition on Certain Disclosures.—
Any report of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, or of any officer, employee, or contractor of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, relating to any highway traffic accident or the investigation of such accident conducted pursuant to this chapter or chapter 301 of title 49 may only be made available to the public in a manner that does not identify individuals.
(f)
Cooperative Research and Evaluation.—
(1)
Establishment and funding.—
Notwithstanding the apportionment formula set forth in section 402(c)(2), $2,500,000 of the total amount available for apportionment to the States for highway safety programs under subsection 1
1
 So in original. Probably should be “section”.
402(c) in each fiscal year ending before October 1, 2015, and $443,989 of the total amount available for apportionment to the States for highway safety programs under section 402(c) in the period beginning on October 1, 2015, and ending on December 4, 2015, shall be available for expenditure by the Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, for a cooperative research and evaluation program to research and evaluate priority highway safety countermeasures.
(2)
Administration.—
The program established under paragraph (1)—
(A)
shall be administered by the Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; and
(B)
shall be jointly managed by the Governors Highway Safety Association and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
(g)
International Cooperation.—
The Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration may participate and cooperate in international activities to enhance highway safety.
(h)
In-vehicle Alcohol Detection Device Research.—
(1)
In general.—
The Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration shall carry out a collaborative research effort under chapter 301 of title 49 on in-vehicle technology to prevent alcohol-impaired driving.
(2)
Funding.—
The Secretary shall obligate from funds made available to carry out this section for the period covering fiscal years 2017 through 2021 not more than $26,560,000’ to conduct the research described in paragraph (1).
(3)
Privacy protection.—
The Administrator shall not develop requirements for any device or means of technology to be installed in an automobile intended for retail sale that records a driver’s blood alcohol concentration.
(4)
Reports.—
The Administrator shall submit an annual report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives that—
(A)
describes the progress made in carrying out the collaborative research effort; and
(B)
includes an accounting for the use of Federal funds obligated or expended in carrying out that effort.
(5)
Definitions.—
In this subsection:
(A)
Alcohol-impaired driving.—
The term “alcohol-impaired driving” means the operation of a motor vehicle (as defined in section 30102(a)(6) of title 492
2
 See References in Text note below.
) by an individual whose blood alcohol content is at or above the legal limit.
(B)
Legal limit.—
The term “legal limit” means a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater (as set forth in section 163(a)) or such other percentage limitation as may be established by applicable Federal, State, or local law.
(i)
Limitation on Drug and Alcohol Survey Data.—
The Secretary shall establish procedures and guidelines to ensure that any person participating in a program or activity that collects data on drug or alcohol use by drivers of motor vehicles and is carried out under this section is informed that the program or activity is voluntary.
(j)
Federal Share.—
The Federal share of the cost of any project or activity carried out under this section may be not more than 100 percent.
(Added Pub. L. 89–564, title I, § 101, Sept. 9, 1966, 80 Stat. 733; amended Pub. L. 93–87, title II, §§ 208(a), 220–222, 226(a), Aug. 13, 1973, 87 Stat. 286, 291, 292; Pub. L. 102–240, title II, § 2003, Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2071; Pub. L. 105–178, title II, § 2002(a), (b)(1), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 325; Pub. L. 109–59, title II, §§ 2003(a), (b), 2013(e), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1522, 1540; Pub. L. 112–141, div. C, title I, § 31103, July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 739; Pub. L. 113–159, title I, § 1101(b), Aug. 8, 2014, 128 Stat. 1843; Pub. L. 114–21, title I, § 1101(b), May 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 221; Pub. L. 114–41, title I, § 1101(b), July 31, 2015, 129 Stat. 448; Pub. L. 114–73, title I, § 1101(b), Oct. 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 571; Pub. L. 114–87, title I, § 1101(b), Nov. 20, 2015, 129 Stat. 680; Pub. L. 114–94, div. A, title IV, §§ 4003, 4014(2), div. B, title XXIV, § 24202(b), Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1500, 1513, 1712; Pub. L. 116–159, div. B, title I, § 1103, Oct. 1, 2020, 134 Stat. 726.)
cite as: 23 USC 403