U.S Code last checked for updates: May 19, 2024
§ 604.
Use of grants
(a)
General rules
Subject to this part, a State to which a grant is made under section 603 of this title may use the grant—
(1)
in any manner that is reasonably calculated to accomplish the purpose of this part, including to provide low income households with assistance in meeting home heating and cooling costs; or
(2)
in any manner that the State was authorized to use amounts received under part A or F, as such parts were in effect on September 30, 1995, or (at the option of the State) August 21, 1996.
(b)
Limitation on use of grant for administrative purposes
(1)
Limitation
(2)
Exception
(c)
Authority to treat interstate immigrants under rules of former State
(d)
Authority to use portion of grant for other purposes
(1)
In general
Subject to paragraph (2), a State may use not more than 30 percent of the amount of any grant made to the State under section 603(a) of this title for a fiscal year to carry out a State program pursuant to any or all of the following provisions of law:
(A)
Division A of subchapter XX of this chapter.
(B)
The Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 [42 U.S.C. 9857 et seq.].
(2)
Limitation on amount transferable to division A 1
1
 See References in Text note below.
of subchapter XX programs
(A)
In general
(B)
Applicable percent
(3)
Applicable rules
(A)
In general
(B)
Exception relating to division A 1 of subchapter XX programs
(e)
Authority to carry over certain amounts for benefits or services or for future contingencies
(f)
Authority to operate employment placement program
(g)
Implementation of electronic benefit transfer system
(h)
Use of funds for individual development accounts
(1)
In general
(2)
Individual development accounts
(A)
Establishment
(B)
Qualified purpose
A qualified purpose described in this subparagraph is 1 or more of the following, as provided by the qualified entity providing assistance to the individual under this subsection:
(i)
Postsecondary educational expenses
(ii)
First home purchase
(iii)
Business capitalization
(C)
Contributions to be from earned income
(D)
Withdrawal of funds
(3)
Requirements
(A)
In general
(B)
“Qualified entity” defined
As used in this subsection, the term “qualified entity” means—
(i)
a not-for-profit organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code; or
(ii)
a State or local government agency acting in cooperation with an organization described in clause (i).
(4)
No reduction in benefits
(5)
Definitions
As used in this subsection—
(A)
Eligible educational institution
The term “eligible educational institution” means the following:
(i)
An institution described in section 1088(a)(1) or 1141(a) of title 20, as such sections are in effect on August 22, 1996.
(ii)
An area vocational education school (as defined in subparagraph (C) or (D) of section 2471(4) of title 20) which is in any State (as defined in section 2471(33) of title 20), as such sections are in effect on August 22, 1996.
(B)
Post-secondary educational expenses
The term “post-secondary educational expenses” means—
(i)
tuition and fees required for the enrollment or attendance of a student at an eligible educational institution, and
(ii)
fees, books, supplies, and equipment required for courses of instruction at an eligible educational institution.
(C)
Qualified acquisition costs
(D)
Qualified business
(E)
Qualified business capitalization expenses
(F)
Qualified expenditures
(G)
Qualified first-time homebuyer
(i)
In general
(ii)
Date of acquisition
(H)
Qualified plan
The term “qualified plan” means a business plan which—
(i)
is approved by a financial institution, or by a nonprofit loan fund having demonstrated fiduciary integrity,
(ii)
includes a description of services or goods to be sold, a marketing plan, and projected financial statements, and
(iii)
may require the eligible individual to obtain the assistance of an experienced entrepreneurial advisor.
(I)
Qualified principal residence
(i)
Sanction welfare recipients for failing to ensure that minor dependent children attend school
(j)
Requirement for high school diploma or equivalent
(k)
Limitations on use of grant for matching under certain Federal transportation program
(1)
Use limitations
A State to which a grant is made under section 603 of this title may not use any part of the grant to match funds made available under section 3037 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, unless—
(A)
the grant is used for new or expanded transportation services (and not for construction) that benefit individuals described in subparagraph (C), and not to subsidize current operating costs;
(B)
the grant is used to supplement and not supplant other State expenditures on transportation;
(C)
the preponderance of the benefits derived from such use of the grant accrues to individuals who are—
(i)
recipients of assistance under the State program funded under this part;
(ii)
former recipients of such assistance;
(iii)
noncustodial parents who are described in section 603(a)(5)(C)(iii) of this title; and
(iv)
low-income individuals who are at risk of qualifying for such assistance; and
(D)
the services provided through such use of the grant promote the ability of such recipients to engage in work activities (as defined in section 607(d) of this title).
(2)
Amount limitation
(3)
Rule of interpretation
(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title IV, § 404, as added Pub. L. 104–193, title I, § 103(a)(1), Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2124; amended Pub. L. 105–33, title V, §§ 5002(a), 5503, 5514(c), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 593, 609, 620; Pub. L. 105–178, title VIII, § 8401(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 105–200, title IV, § 403(a), July 16, 1998, 112 Stat. 670; Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(4) [title VIII, § 801(d)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1535, 1501A–283; Pub. L. 106–169, title IV, § 401(l), Dec. 14, 1999, 113 Stat. 1858; Pub. L. 110–234, title IV, §§ 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(V), 4115(c)(2)(G), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1095–1097, 1110; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title IV, §§ 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(V), 4115(c)(2)(G), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1857, 1858, 1871; Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title II, § 2103, Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 449; Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, § 6703(d)(2)(A), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 803; Pub. L. 112–96, title IV, § 4005(a), Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 198.)
cite as: 42 USC 604