U.S Code last checked for updates: Jun 15, 2024
§ 1437g.
Public housing Capital and Operating Funds
(a)
Merger into Capital Fund
(b)
Merger into Operating Fund
(c)
Allocation amount
(1)
In general
For fiscal year 2000 and each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall allocate amounts in the Capital Fund and Operating Funds 1
1
 So in original. Probably should be “Fund”.
for assistance for public housing agencies eligible for such assistance. The Secretary shall determine the amount of the allocation for each eligible agency, which shall be, for any fiscal year beginning after the effective date of the formulas described in subsections (d)(2) and (e)(2)—
(A)
for assistance from the Capital Fund, the amount determined for the agency under the formula under subsection (d)(2); and
(B)
for assistance from the Operating Fund, the amount determined for the agency under the formula under subsection (e)(2).
(2)
Funding
There are authorized to be appropriated for assistance for public housing agencies under this section the following amounts:
(A)
Capital Fund
(B)
Operating Fund
(d)
Capital Fund
(1)
In general
The Secretary shall establish a Capital Fund for the purpose of making assistance available to public housing agencies to carry out capital and management activities, including—
(A)
the development, financing, and modernization of public housing projects, including the redesign, reconstruction, and reconfiguration of public housing sites and buildings (including accessibility improvements) and the development of mixed-finance projects;
(B)
vacancy reduction;
(C)
addressing deferred maintenance needs and the replacement of obsolete utility systems and dwelling equipment;
(D)
planned code compliance;
(E)
management improvements, including the establishment and initial operation of computer centers in and around public housing through a Neighborhood Networks initiative, for the purpose of enhancing the self-sufficiency, employability, and economic self-reliance of public housing residents by providing them with onsite computer access and training resources;
(F)
demolition and replacement;
(G)
resident relocation;
(H)
capital expenditures to facilitate programs to improve the empowerment and economic self-sufficiency of public housing residents and to improve resident participation;
(I)
capital expenditures to improve the security and safety of residents;
(J)
homeownership activities, including programs under section 1437z–4 of this title;
(K)
improvement of energy and water-use efficiency by installing fixtures and fittings that conform to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers/American National Standards Institute standards A112.19.2–1998 and A112.18.1–2000, or any revision thereto, applicable at the time of installation, and by increasing energy efficiency and water conservation by such other means as the Secretary determines are appropriate; and
(L)
integrated utility management and capital planning to maximize energy conservation and efficiency measures.
(2)
Formula
The Secretary shall develop a formula for determining the amount of assistance provided to public housing agencies from the Capital Fund for a fiscal year, which shall include a mechanism to reward performance. The formula may take into account such factors as—
(A)
the number of public housing dwelling units owned, assisted, or operated by the public housing agency, the characteristics and locations of the projects, and the characteristics of the families served and to be served (including the incomes of the families);
(B)
the need of the public housing agency to carry out rehabilitation and modernization activities, replacement housing, and reconstruction, construction, and demolition activities related to public housing dwelling units owned, assisted, or operated by the public housing agency, including backlog and projected future needs of the agency;
(C)
the cost of constructing and rehabilitating property in the area;
(D)
the need of the public housing agency to carry out activities that provide a safe and secure environment in public housing units owned, assisted, or operated by the public housing agency;
(E)
any record by the public housing agency of exemplary performance in the operation of public housing, as indicated by the system of performance indicators established pursuant to section 1437d(j) of this title; and
(F)
any other factors that the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
(3)
Conditions on use for development and modernization
(A)
Development
(B)
Modernization
(C)
Applicability of latest expiration date
(e)
Operating Fund
(1)
In general
The Secretary shall establish an Operating Fund for the purpose of making assistance available to public housing agencies for the operation and management of public housing, including—
(A)
procedures and systems to maintain and ensure the efficient management and operation of public housing units (including amounts sufficient to pay for the reasonable costs of review by an independent auditor of the documentation or other information maintained pursuant to section 1437d(j)(6) of this title by a public housing agency or resident management corporation to substantiate the performance of that agency or corporation);
(B)
activities to ensure a program of routine preventative maintenance;
(C)
anticrime and antidrug activities, including the costs of providing adequate security for public housing residents, including above-baseline police service agreements;
(D)
activities related to the provision of services, including service coordinators for elderly persons or persons with disabilities;
(E)
activities to provide for management and participation in the management and policymaking of public housing by public housing residents;
(F)
the costs of insurance;
(G)
the energy costs associated with public housing units, with an emphasis on energy conservation;
(H)
the costs of administering a public housing work program under section 1437j of this title, including the costs of any related insurance needs;
(I)
the costs of repaying, together with rent contributions, debt incurred to finance the rehabilitation and development of public housing units, which shall be subject to such reasonable requirements as the Secretary may establish;
(J)
the costs associated with the operation and management of mixed finance projects, to the extent appropriate; and
(K)
the costs of operating computer centers in public housing through a Neighborhood Networks initiative described in subsection (d)(1)(E), and of activities related to that initiative.
(2)
Formula
(A)
In general
The Secretary shall establish a formula for determining the amount of assistance provided to public housing agencies from the Operating Fund for a fiscal year. The formula may take into account—
(i)
standards for the costs of operating and reasonable projections of income, taking into account the characteristics and locations of the public housing projects and characteristics of the families served and to be served (including the incomes of the families), or the costs of providing comparable services as determined in accordance with criteria or a formula representing the operations of a prototype well-managed public housing project;
(ii)
the number of public housing dwelling units owned, assisted, or operated by the public housing agency;
(iii)
the number of public housing dwelling units owned, assisted, or operated by the public housing agency that are chronically vacant and the amount of assistance appropriate for those units;
(iv)
to the extent quantifiable, the extent to which the public housing agency provides programs and activities designed to promote the economic self-sufficiency and management skills of public housing residents;
(v)
the need of the public housing agency to carry out anti-crime and anti-drug activities, including providing adequate security for public housing residents;
(vi)
the amount of public housing rental income foregone by the public housing agency as a result of escrow savings accounts under section 1437u(d)(2) 2
2
 See References in Text note below.
of this title for families participating in a family self-sufficiency program of the agency under such section 1437u of this title; and
(vii)
any other factors that the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
(B)
Incentive to increase certain rental income
(C)
Treatment of savings
(i)
In general
(ii)
Third party contracts
(iii)
Term of contract
(iv)
Existing contracts
(D)
Freeze of consumption levels
(i)
In general
(ii)
Initial adjustment in consumption base level
(iii)
Adjustments in consumption base level
(iv)
Savings
All cost savings resulting from an election made by a small public housing agency under this subparagraph—
(I)
shall accrue to the small public housing agency; and
(II)
may be used for any public housing purpose at the discretion of the small public housing agency.
(v)
Third parties
A small public housing agency making an election under this subparagraph—
(I)
may use, but shall not be required to use, the services of a third party in its energy conservation program; and
(II)
shall have the sole discretion to determine the source, and terms and conditions, of any financing used for its energy conservation program.
(3)
Condition on use
(f)
Negotiated rulemaking procedure
(g)
Limitations on use of funds
(1)
Flexibility in use of funds
(A)
Flexibility for Capital Fund amounts
(B)
Flexibility for Operating Fund amounts
(2)
Full flexibility for small PHAs
(3)
Limitation on new construction
(A)
In general
(B)
Exception regarding use of assistance
(C)
Exception regarding formulas
Subject to reasonable limitations set by the Secretary, the formulas established under subsections (d)(2) and (e)(2) may provide additional funding for the operation and modernization costs (but not the initial development costs) of housing in excess of amounts otherwise permitted under this paragraph, and such amounts may be so used, if—
(i)
such units are part of a mixed-finance project or otherwise leverage significant additional private or public investment; and
(ii)
the estimated cost of the useful life of the project is less than the estimated cost of providing tenant-based assistance under section 1437f(o) of this title for the same period of time.
(h)
Technical assistance
To the extent amounts are provided in advance in appropriations Acts, the Secretary may make grants or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements in accordance with this subsection for purposes of providing, either directly or indirectly—
(1)
technical assistance to public housing agencies, resident councils, resident organizations, and resident management corporations, including assistance relating to monitoring and inspections;
(2)
training for public housing agency employees and residents;
(3)
data collection and analysis;
(4)
training, technical assistance, and education to public housing agencies that are—
(A)
at risk of being designated as troubled under section 1437d(j) of this title, to assist such agencies from being so designated; and
(B)
designated as troubled under section 1437d(j) of this title, to assist such agencies in achieving the removal of that designation;
(5)
contract expertise;
(6)
training and technical assistance to assist in the oversight and management of public housing or tenant-based assistance;
(7)
clearinghouse services in furtherance of the goals and activities of this subsection; and
(8)
assistance in connection with the establishment and operation of computer centers in public housing through a Neighborhood Networks initiative described in subsection (d)(1)(E).
As used in this subsection, the terms “training” and “technical assistance” shall include training or technical assistance and the cost of necessary travel for participants in such training or technical assistance, by or to officials and employees of the Department and of public housing agencies, and to residents and to other eligible grantees.
(i)
Eligibility of units acquired from proceeds of sales under demolition or disposition plan
(j)
Penalty for slow expenditure of capital funds
(1)
Obligation of amounts
Except as provided in paragraph (4) and subject to paragraph (2), a public housing agency shall obligate any assistance received under this section not later than 24 months after, as applicable—
(A)
the date on which the funds become available to the agency for obligation in the case of modernization; or
(B)
the date on which the agency accumulates adequate funds to undertake modernization, substantial rehabilitation, or new construction of units.
(2)
Extension of time period for obligation
The Secretary—
(A)
may, extend the time period under paragraph (1) for a public housing agency, for such period as the Secretary determines to be necessary, if the Secretary determines that the failure of the agency to obligate assistance in a timely manner is attributable to—
(i)
litigation;
(ii)
obtaining approvals of the Federal Government or a State or local government;
(iii)
complying with environmental assessment and abatement requirements;
(iv)
relocating residents;
(v)
an event beyond the control of the public housing agency; or
(vi)
any other reason established by the Secretary by notice published in the Federal Register;
(B)
shall disregard the requirements of paragraph (1) with respect to any unobligated amounts made available to a public housing agency, to the extent that the total of such amounts does not exceed 10 percent of the original amount made available to the public housing agency; and
(C)
may, with the prior approval of the Secretary, extend the time period under paragraph (1), for an additional period not to exceed 12 months, based on—
(i)
the size of the public housing agency;
(ii)
the complexity of capital program of the public housing agency;
(iii)
any limitation on the ability of the public housing agency to obligate the amounts allocated for the agency from the Capital Fund in a timely manner as a result of State or local law; or
(iv)
such other factors as the Secretary determines to be relevant.
(3)
Effect of failure to comply
(A)
Prohibition of new assistance
(B)
Withholding of assistance
(C)
Redistribution
(4)
Exception to obligation requirements
(A)
In general
(B)
Prior fiscal years
(5)
Expenditure of amounts
(A)
In general
(B)
Enforcement
(6)
Right of recapture
(7)
Treatment of replacement reserve
(k)
Treatment of nonrental income
(l)
Provision of only capital or operating assistance
(1)
Authority
(2)
Exemptions
(m)
Treatment of public housing
(1)
Repealed. Pub. L. 108–7, div. K, title II, § 212(a), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 503
(2)
Reduction of asthma incidence
(3)
Services for elderly residents
(4)
Effective date
(n)
Establishment of replacement reserves
(1)
In general
(2)
Source and amount of funds for replacement reserve
At any time, a public housing agency may deposit funds from such agency’s Capital Fund into a replacement reserve, subject to the following:
(A)
At the discretion of the Secretary, public housing agencies may transfer and hold in a replacement reserve funds originating from additional sources.
(B)
No minimum transfer of funds to a replacement reserve shall be required.
(C)
At any time, a public housing agency may not hold in a replacement reserve more than the amount the public housing authority has determined necessary to satisfy the anticipated capital needs of properties in its portfolio assisted under this section, as outlined in its Capital Fund 5-Year Action Plan, or a comparable plan, as determined by the Secretary.
(D)
The Secretary may establish, by regulation, a maximum replacement reserve level or levels that are below amounts determined under subparagraph (C), which may be based upon the size of the portfolio assisted under this section or other factors.
(3)
Transfer of operating funds
(4)
Expenditure
(5)
Management and report
(o)
Public housing heating guidelines
(Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 896, title I, § 9, as added Pub. L. 93–383, title II, § 201(a), Aug. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 666; amended Pub. L. 94–375, § 2(c), Aug. 3, 1976, 90 Stat. 1068; Pub. L. 95–24, title I, § 101(b), Apr. 30, 1977, 91 Stat. 55; Pub. L. 95–128, title II, § 201(f), Oct. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 1129; Pub. L. 95–557, title II, § 206(g), Oct. 31, 1978, 92 Stat. 2093; Pub. L. 96–153, title II, §§ 201(c), 207, 211(a), Dec. 21, 1979, 93 Stat. 1106, 1109, 1110; Pub. L. 96–399, title II, § 201(b), (d), Oct. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1625; Pub. L. 97–35, title III, §§ 321(d), 322(c), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 399, 402; Pub. L. 98–181, title I [title II, § 212], Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1184; Pub. L. 99–272, title III, § 3003, Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 102; Pub. L. 100–242, title I, §§ 112(b)(4), 118, Feb. 5, 1988, 101 Stat. 1824, 1828; renumbered title I, Pub. L. 100–358, § 5, June 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 681; Pub. L. 101–625, title V, §§ 507, 572(2), title VIII, § 802(p), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4186, 4236, 4317; Pub. L. 102–550, title I, § 114, title VI, § 673, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3691, 3827; Pub. L. 103–233, title III, § 304, Apr. 11, 1994, 108 Stat. 370; Pub. L. 104–134, title I, § 101(e) [title II, § 218], Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–257, 1321–290; renumbered title I, Pub. L. 104–140, § 1(a), May 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1327; Pub. L. 104–330, title V, § 501(b)(5), Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4042; Pub. L. 105–276, title II, § 210, title V, § 519(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2485, 2551; Pub. L. 106–377, § 1(a)(1) [title II, § 214(a)], Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1441, 1441A–27; Pub. L. 108–7, div. K, title II, § 212(a), Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 503; Pub. L. 109–58, title I, § 151, Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 648; Pub. L. 110–161, div. K, title II, § 229, Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2438; Pub. L. 110–289, div. B, title VIII, § 2804, July 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2866; Pub. L. 114–201, title I, §§ 109, 111, July 29, 2016, 130 Stat. 801, 803; Pub. L. 115–174, title II, § 209(b), May 24, 2018, 132 Stat. 1315.)
cite as: 42 USC 1437g