U.S Code last checked for updates: Jul 21, 2024
§ 3804.
Consultations and assessment
(a)
Notice and consultation before negotiation
The President, with respect to any agreement that is subject to the provisions of section 3803(b) of this title, shall—
(1)
provide, at least 90 calendar days before initiating negotiations, written notice to the Congress of the President’s intention to enter into the negotiations and set forth therein the date the President intends to initiate such negotiations, the specific United States objectives for the negotiations, and whether the President intends to seek an agreement, or changes to an existing agreement;
(2)
before and after submission of the notice, consult regarding the negotiations with the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, such other committees of the House and Senate as the President deems appropriate, and the Congressional Oversight group convened under section 3807 of this title; and
(3)
upon the request of a majority of the members of the Congressional Oversight Group under section 3807(c) of this title, meet with the Congressional Oversight Group before initiating the negotiations or at any other time concerning the negotiations.
(b)
Negotiations regarding agriculture
(1)
In general
(2)
Special consultations on import sensitive products
(A)
Before initiating negotiations with regard to agriculture, and, with respect to the Free Trade Area for the Americas and negotiations with regard to agriculture under the auspices of the World Trade Organization, as soon as practicable after August 6, 2002, the United States Trade Representative shall—
(i)
identify those agricultural products subject to tariff-rate quotas on August 6, 2002, and agricultural products subject to tariff reductions by the United States as a result of the Uruguay Round Agreements, for which the rate of duty was reduced on January 1, 1995, to a rate which was not less than 97.5 percent of the rate of duty that applied to such article on December 31, 1994;
(ii)
consult with the Committee on Ways and Means and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate concerning—
(I)
whether any further tariff reductions on the products identified under clause (i) should be appropriate, taking into account the impact of any such tariff reduction on the United States industry producing the product concerned;
(II)
whether the products so identified face unjustified sanitary or phytosanitary restrictions, including those not based on scientific principles in contravention of the Uruguay Round Agreements; and
(III)
whether the countries participating in the negotiations maintain export subsidies or other programs, policies, or practices that distort world trade in such products and the impact of such programs, policies, and practices on United States producers of the products;
(iii)
request that the International Trade Commission prepare an assessment of the probable economic effects of any such tariff reduction on the United States industry producing the product concerned and on the United States economy as a whole; and
(iv)
upon complying with clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), notify the Committee on Ways and Means and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate of those products identified under clause (i) for which the Trade Representative intends to seek tariff liberalization in the negotiations and the reasons for seeking such tariff liberalization.
(B)
If, after negotiations described in subparagraph (A) are commenced—
(i)
the United States Trade Representative identifies any additional agricultural product described in subparagraph (A)(i) for tariff reductions which were not the subject of a notification under subparagraph (A)(iv), or
(ii)
any additional agricultural product described in subparagraph (A)(i) is the subject of a request for tariff reductions by a party to the negotiations,
the Trade Representative shall, as soon as practicable, notify the committees referred to in subparagraph (A)(iv) of those products and the reasons for seeking such tariff reductions.
(3)
Negotiations regarding the fishing industry
(c)
Negotiations regarding textiles
(d)
Consultation with Congress before agreements entered into
(1)
Consultation
Before entering into any trade agreement under section 3803(b) of this title, the President shall consult with—
(A)
the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate;
(B)
each other committee of the House and the Senate, and each joint committee of the Congress, which has jurisdiction over legislation involving subject matters which would be affected by the trade agreement; and
(C)
the Congressional Oversight Group convened under section 3807 of this title.
(2)
Scope
The consultation described in paragraph (1) shall include consultation with respect to—
(A)
the nature of the agreement;
(B)
how and to what extent the agreement will achieve the applicable purposes, policies, priorities, and objectives of this chapter; and
(C)
the implementation of the agreement under section 3805 of this title, including the general effect of the agreement on existing laws.
(3)
Report regarding United States trade remedy laws
(A)
Changes in certain trade laws
The President, at least 180 calendar days before the day on which the President enters into a trade agreement under section 3803(b) of this title, shall report to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate—
(i)
the range of proposals advanced in the negotiations with respect to that agreement, that may be in the final agreement, and that could require amendments to title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930 [19 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.] or to chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 [19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.]; and
(ii)
how these proposals relate to the objectives described in section 3802(b)(14) of this title.
(B)
Certain agreements
(C)
Resolutions
(i)
At any time after the transmission of the report under subparagraph (A), if a resolution is introduced with respect to that report in either House of Congress, the procedures set forth in clauses (iii) through (vi) shall apply to that resolution if—
(I)
no other resolution with respect to that report has previously been reported in that House of Congress by the Committee on Ways and Means or the Committee on Finance, as the case may be, pursuant to those procedures; and
(II)
no procedural disapproval resolution under section 3805(b) of this title introduced with respect to a trade agreement entered into pursuant to the negotiations to which the report under subparagraph (A) relates has previously been reported in that House of Congress by the Committee on Ways and Means or the Committee on Finance, as the case may be.
(ii)
For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “resolution” means only a resolution of either House of Congress, the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: “That the __ finds that the proposed changes to United States trade remedy laws contained in the report of the President transmitted to the Congress on __ under section 2104(d)(3) of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2002 with respect to __, are inconsistent with the negotiating objectives described in section 2102(b)(14) of that Act.”, with the first blank space being filled with the name of the resolving House of Congress, the second blank space being filled with the appropriate date of the report, and the third blank space being filled with the name of the country or countries involved.
(iii)
Resolutions in the House of Representatives—
(I)
may be introduced by any Member of the House;
(II)
shall be referred to the Committee on Ways and Means and, in addition, to the Committee on Rules; and
(III)
may not be amended by either Committee.
(iv)
1
1
 So in original. Two cls. (iv) have been enacted.
Resolutions in the Senate—
(I)
may be introduced by any Member of the Senate;
(II)
shall be referred to the Committee on Finance; and
(III)
may not be amended.
(iv)
1 It is not in order for the House of Representatives to consider any resolution that is not reported by the Committee on Ways and Means and, in addition, by the Committee on Rules.
(v)
It is not in order for the Senate to consider any resolution that is not reported by the Committee on Finance.
(vi)
The provisions of section 152(d) and (e) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2192(d) and (e)) (relating to floor consideration of certain resolutions in the House and Senate) shall apply to resolutions.
(e)
Advisory Committee reports
(f)
ITC assessment
(1)
In general
(2)
ITC assessment
(3)
Review of empirical literature
(Pub. L. 107–210, div. B, title XXI, § 2104, Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 1008.)
cite as: 19 USC 3804