U.S Code last checked for updates: Nov 28, 2021
§ 3722.
Protections against transshipment
(a)
Preferential treatment conditioned on enforcement measures
(1)
In general
The preferential treatment under section 3721(a) of this title shall not be provided to textile and apparel articles that are imported from a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country unless that country—
(A)
has adopted an effective visa system, domestic laws, and enforcement procedures applicable to covered articles to prevent unlawful transshipment of the articles and the use of counterfeit documents relating to the importation of the articles into the United States;
(B)
has enacted legislation or promulgated regulations that would permit United States Customs Service verification teams to have the access necessary to investigate thoroughly allegations of transshipment through such country;
(C)
agrees to report, on a timely basis, at the request of the United States Customs Service, on the total exports from and imports into that country of covered articles, consistent with the manner in which the records are kept by that country;
(D)
will cooperate fully with the United States to address and take action necessary to prevent circumvention as provided in Article 5 of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing;
(E)
agrees to require all producers and exporters of covered articles in that country to maintain complete records of the production and the export of covered articles, including materials used in the production, for at least 2 years after the production or export (as the case may be); and
(F)
agrees to report, on a timely basis, at the request of the United States Customs Service, documentation establishing the country of origin of covered articles as used by that country in implementing an effective visa system.
(2)
Country of origin documentation

For purposes of paragraph (1)(F), documentation regarding the country of origin of the covered articles includes documentation such as production records, information relating to the place of production, the number and identification of the types of machinery used in production, the number of workers employed in production, and certification from both the manufacturer and the exporter.

(b)
Customs procedures and enforcement
(1)
In general
(A)
Regulations

Any importer that claims preferential treatment under section 3721 of this title shall comply with customs procedures similar in all material respects to the requirements of article 5.4.1 of the USMCA as implemented pursuant to United States law, in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary of the Treasury.

(B)
Determination
(i)
In general
In order to qualify for the preferential treatment under section 3721 of this title and for a Certificate of Origin to be valid with respect to any article for which such treatment is claimed, there shall be in effect a determination by the President that each country described in clause (ii)—
(I)
has implemented and follows; or
(II)
is making substantial progress toward implementing and following,
 procedures and requirements similar in all material respects to the relevant procedures and requirements under chapter 5 of the USMCA.
(ii)
Country described
A country is described in this clause if it is a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country—
(I)
from which the article is exported; or
(II)
in which materials used in the production of the article originate or in which the article or such materials, undergo production that contributes to a claim that the article is eligible for preferential treatment.
(2)
Certificate of Origin

The Certificate of Origin that otherwise would be required pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (1) shall not be required in the case of an article imported under section 3721 of this title if such Certificate of Origin would not be required under article 5.5 of the USMCA (as implemented pursuant to United States law), if the article were imported from Mexico.

(3)
Penalties for exporters

If the President determines, based on sufficient evidence, that an exporter has engaged in transshipment as defined in paragraph (4), then the President shall deny for a period of 5 years all benefits under section 3721 of this title to such exporter, any successor of such exporter, and any other entity owned or operated by the principal of the exporter.

(4)
Transshipment described

Transshipment within the meaning of this subsection has occurred when preferential treatment for a textile or apparel article under this chapter 1

1
 See References in Text note below.
has been claimed on the basis of material false information concerning the country of origin, manufacture, processing, or assembly of the article or any of its components. For purposes of this paragraph, false information is material if disclosure of the true information would mean or would have meant that the article is or was ineligible for preferential treatment under section 3721 of this title.

(5)
Monitoring and reports to Congress

The Customs Service shall monitor and the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall submit to Congress, not later than March 31 of each year, a report on the effectiveness of the visa systems and the implementation of legislation and regulations described in subsection (a) and on measures taken by countries in sub-Saharan Africa which export textiles or apparel to the United States to prevent circumvention as described in Article 5 of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing.

(c)
Customs Service enforcement
The Customs Service shall—
(1)
make available technical assistance to the beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries—
(A)
in the development and implementation of visa systems, legislation, and regulations described in subsection (a)(1)(A); and
(B)
to train their officials in anti-transshipment enforcement;
(2)
send production verification teams to at least four beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries each year; and
(3)
to the extent feasible, place beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries on the Electronic Visa (ELVIS) program.
(d)
Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out subsection (c) the sum of $5,894,913.

(Pub. L. 106–200, title I, § 113, May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 263; Pub. L. 114–125, title VIII, § 802(d)(2), Feb. 24, 2016, 130 Stat. 210; Pub. L. 116–260, div. O, title VI, § 602(a)(2), Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 2152.)
cite as: 19 USC 3722