U.S Code last checked for updates: Jun 18, 2024
§ 1831q.
FDIC affordable housing program
(a)
Purpose
(b)
Funding and limitations of program
(1)
Duration of program
(2)
Annual fiscal limitations
(A)
In general
In each fiscal year during the 3-year period referred to in paragraph (1), the provisions of this section shall apply only—
(i)
to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriations Acts for any losses resulting during the fiscal year from the sale of properties under this section, except that such amounts for losses may not exceed $30,000,000 in any fiscal year; and
(ii)
to the extent that amounts are provided in appropriations Acts pursuant to subparagraph (C) for any other costs relating to the program under this section.
(B)
(C)
Authorization of appropriations
(D)
Other definitions
For purposes of this paragraph:
(i)
Affordable housing discount
(ii)
Realizable disposition value
(3)
Existing contracts
(c)
Rules governing disposition of eligible single family properties
(1)
Notice to clearinghouses
(2)
Offers to sell to nonprofit organizations, public agencies, and qualifying households
During the 180-day period beginning on the date on which the Corporation makes an eligible single family property available for sale, the Corporation shall offer to sell the property to—
(A)
qualifying households (including qualifying households with members who are veterans); or
(B)
public agencies or nonprofit organizations that agree to (i) make the property available for occupancy by and maintain it as affordable for low-income families (including low-income families with members who are veterans) for the remaining useful life of such property, or (ii) make the property available for purchase by any such family who, except as provided in paragraph (4), agrees to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months and certifies in writing that the family intends to occupy the property for at least 12 months.
The restrictions described in clause (i) of subparagraph (B) shall be contained in the deed or other recorded instrument. If, upon the expiration of such 180-day period, no qualifying household, public agency, or nonprofit organization has made a bona fide offer to purchase the property, the Corporation may offer to sell the property to any purchaser. The Corporation shall actively market eligible single family properties for sale to low-income families and to low-income families with members who are veterans.
(3)
Recapture of profits from resale
(4)
Exceptions to recapture requirement
(A)
Relocation
(B)
Other recapture provisions
(5)
Exception to avoid displacement of existing residents
(d)
Rules governing disposition of eligible multifamily housing properties
(1)
Notice to clearinghouses
(2)
Expression of serious interest
(3)
Notice of readiness for sale
(4)
Offers by qualifying multifamily purchasers
(5)
Extension of restricted offer periods
The Corporation may provide notice to clearinghouses regarding, and offer for sale under the provisions of paragraphs (1) through (4), any eligible multifamily housing property—
(A)
in which no qualifying multifamily purchaser has expressed serious interest during the period referred to in paragraph (2), or
(B)
for which no qualifying multifamily purchaser has made a bona fide offer before the expiration of the period referred to in paragraph (4),
except that the Corporation may, in the discretion of the Corporation, alter the duration of the periods referred to in paragraphs (2) and (4) in offering any property for sale under this paragraph.
(6)
Sale of multifamily properties to other purchasers
(A)
Timing
(B)
Limitation on combination sales
(C)
Expiration of offer period
(7)
Low-income occupancy requirements
(A)
Single property purchases
With respect to any purchase of a single eligible multifamily housing property by a qualifying multifamily purchaser under paragraph (4) or (5)—
(i)
not less than 35 percent of all dwelling units purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for low-income and very low-income families during the remaining useful life of the property in which the units are located; provided that
(ii)
not less than 20 percent of all dwelling units purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for very low-income families during the remaining useful life of the property in which the units are located.
(B)
Aggregation requirements for multiproperty purchases
With respect to any purchase under paragraph (4) or (5) by a qualifying multifamily purchaser involving more than one eligible multifamily housing property as a part of the same negotiation, with respect to which the purchaser intends to aggregate the low-income occupancy required under this paragraph over the total number of units so purchased—
(i)
not less than 40 percent of the aggregate number of all dwelling units purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for low-income and very low-income families during the remaining useful life of the building or structure in which the units are located; provided that
(ii)
not less than 20 percent of the aggregate number of all dwelling units purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for very low-income families during the remaining useful life of the building or structure in which the units are located; and further provided that
(iii)
not less than 10 percent of the dwelling units in each separate property purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for low-income families during the remaining useful life of the property in which the units are located.
The requirements of this paragraph shall be contained in the deed or other recorded instrument.
(8)
Exemptions
(A)
Continued occupancy of current residents
(B)
Financial infeasibility
(e)
Rent limitations
(1)
In general
(2)
Applicability
(f)
Preferences for sales
(1)
In general
(2)
Multiproperty purchases
(3)
Definition of substantially similar offers
(g)
Financing sales
(1)
Assistance by Corporation
(A)
Sale price
(B)
Purchase loan
(2)
Assistance by HUD
(3)
Assistance by FMHA
(4)
Exception to disposition rules
(5)
Bulk acquisitions under Home Investment Partnerships Act
(A)
Purchase price
(B)
Exemptions
(C)
Inventories
(h)
Coordination with other programs
(1)
Use of secondary market agencies
(2)
Credit enhancement
(A)
In general
(B)
Certain tax-exempt bonds
(3)
National Affordable Housing Act
(i)
Exemption for certain transactions with insured depository institutions
(j)
Transfer of certain eligible residential properties to State housing agencies for disposition
Notwithstanding subsections (c), (d), (f), and (g), the Corporation may transfer eligible residential properties to the State housing finance agency or any other State housing agency for the State in which the property is located, or to any local housing agency in whose jurisdiction the property is located. Transfers of eligible residential properties under this subsection may be conducted by direct sale, consignment sale, or any other method the Corporation considers appropriate and shall be subject to the following requirements:
(1)
Individual or bulk transfer
(2)
Acquisition price
(3)
Low-income use
Any State housing finance agency or State or local housing agency acquiring properties under this subsection shall offer to sell or transfer the properties only as follows:
(A)
Eligible single family properties
For eligible single family properties—
(i)
to purchasers described under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (c)(2);
(ii)
if the purchaser is a purchaser described under subsection (c)(2)(B)(i), subject to the rent limitations under subsection (e)(1);
(iii)
subject to the requirement in the second sentence of subsection (c)(2); and
(iv)
subject to recapture by the Corporation of excess proceeds from resale of the properties under paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (c).
(B)
Eligible multifamily housing properties
For eligible multifamily housing properties—
(i)
to qualifying multifamily purchasers;
(ii)
subject to the low-income occupancy requirements under subsection (d)(7);
(iii)
subject to the provisions of subsection (d)(8);
(iv)
subject to a preference, among financially acceptable offers, to the offer that would reserve the highest percentage of dwelling units for occupancy or purchase by very low- and low-income families and would retain such affordability for the longest term; and
(v)
subject to the rent limitations under subsection (e)(1).
(4)
Affordability
(k)
Exception for sales to nonprofit organizations and public agencies
(1)
Suspension of offer periods
(2)
Use restrictions
(A)
Eligible single family property
(B)
Eligible multifamily housing property
(l)
Rules governing disposition of eligible condominium property
(1)
Notice to clearinghouses
(2)
Offers to sell
For the 180-day period following the date on which the Corporation makes an eligible condominium property available for sale, the Corporation may offer to sell the property, at the discretion of the Corporation, to 1 or more of the following purchasers:
(A)
Qualifying households.
(B)
Nonprofit organizations.
(C)
Public agencies.
(D)
For-profit entities.
(3)
Low-income occupancy requirements
(A)
In general
(B)
Multiple-unit purchases
(C)
Sale to other purchasers
(4)
Recapture of profits from resale
(5)
Exception to recapture requirement
(6)
Limitations on multiple unit purchases
(7)
Rent limitations
(m)
Liability provisions
(1)
In general
(2)
Low-income occupancy
(3)
Clearinghouses
(4)
Corporation
(n)
Unified affordable housing programs
(1)
In general
(2)
Authority and implementation
(3)
Terms of agreement
The agreement required under paragraph (1) shall provide a plan for—
(A)
a program unifying all activities and responsibilities of the Corporation and the Resolution Trust Corporation, and the design of the unified program shall take into consideration the substantial experience of the Resolution Trust Corporation regarding—
(i)
seller financing;
(ii)
technical assistance;
(iii)
marketing skills and relationships with public and nonprofit entities; and
(iv)
staff resources;
(B)
the elimination of duplicative and unnecessary administrative costs and resources;
(C)
the management structure of the unified program;
(D)
a timetable for the unification; and
(E)
a methodology to determine the extent to which the provisions of this section shall be effective, in accordance with the limitations under subsection (b)(2).
(4)
Transfer to FDIC
(o)
Report
(p)
Definitions
For purposes of this section:
(1)
Adjusted income and income
(2)
Clearinghouse
The term “clearinghouse” means—
(A)
the State housing finance agency for the State in which an eligible residential property or eligible condominium property is located;
(B)
the Office of Community Investment (or other comparable division) within the Federal Housing Finance Board; and
(C)
any national nonprofit organizations (including any nonprofit entity established by the corporation established under title IX of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1968 [42 U.S.C. 3931 et seq.]) that the Corporation determines has the capacity to act as a clearinghouse for information.
(3)
Corporation
(4)
Eligible condominium property
The term “eligible condominium property” means a condominium unit, as such term is defined in section 3603 of title 15
(A)
to which such Corporation acquires title in its corporate capacity, its capacity as conservator, or its capacity as receiver (including in its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, which subsidiary has as its principal business the ownership of real property); and
(B)
that has an appraised value that does not exceed the amount provided in section 203(b)(2)(A) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1709(b)(2)(A)] except that such amount shall not exceed $101,250 in the case of a 1-family residence, $114,000 in the case of a 2-family residence, $138,000 in the case of a 3-family residence, and $160,000 in the case of a 4-family residence.
(5)
Eligible multifamily housing property
The term “eligible multifamily housing property” means a property consisting of more than 4 dwelling units—
(A)
to which the Corporation acquires title in its corporate capacity, its capacity as conservator, or its capacity as receiver (including in its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, which subsidiary has as its principal business the ownership of real property); and
(B)
that has an appraised value that does not exceed the applicable dollar amount specified in section 221(d)(3)(ii) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1715l(d)(3)(ii)] for elevator-type structures, as such dollar amount is increased under such section for geographical areas or on a project-by-project basis (except that any such increase on a project-by-project basis shall be made pursuant to a determination by the Corporation that such increase is necessary).
(6)
Eligible residential property
(7)
Eligible single family property
The term “eligible single family property” means a 1- to 4-family residence (including a manufactured home)—
(A)
to which the Corporation acquires title in its corporate capacity, its capacity as conservator, or its capacity as receiver (including in its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, which subsidiary has as its principal business the ownership of real property); and
(B)
that has an appraised value that does not exceed the amount provided in section 203(b)(2)(A) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1709(b)(2)(A)] except that such amount shall not exceed $101,250 in the case of a 1-family residence, $114,000 in the case of a 2-family residence, $138,000 in the case of a 3-family residence, and $160,000 in the case of a 4-family residence.
(8)
Low-income families
(9)
Net realizable market value
(10)
Nonprofit organization
The term “nonprofit organization” means a private organization (including a limited equity cooperative)—
(A)
no part of the earnings of which inures to the benefit of any member, shareholder, founder, contributor, or individual; and
(B)
that is approved by the Corporation as to financial responsibility.
(11)
Public agency
(12)
Qualifying household
The term “qualifying household” means a household—
(A)
who intends to occupy eligible single family property as a principal residence;
(B)
who agrees to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months;
(C)
who certifies in writing that the household intends to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months; and
(D)
whose income does not exceed 115 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustment for family size.
(13)
Qualifying multifamily purchaser
The term “qualifying multifamily purchaser” means—
(A)
a public agency;
(B)
a nonprofit organization; or
(C)
a for-profit entity, which makes a commitment (for itself or any related entity) to comply with the low-income occupancy requirements under subsection (d)(7) for any eligible multifamily housing property for which an offer to purchase is made during or after the periods specified under subsection (d).
(14)
Secretary
(15)
State housing finance agency
(16)
Very low-income families
(q)
Notice to clearinghouses regarding ineligible properties
(1)
In general
(2)
Content
(3)
Availability
(4)
Definitions
For purposes of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(A)
Ineligible condominium property
(B)
Ineligible multifamily housing property
(C)
Ineligible single family property
(D)
Ineligible residential property
(Sept. 21, 1950, ch. 967, § 2[40], as added Pub. L. 102–242, title II, § 241(a), Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2317; amended Pub. L. 102–389, title II, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1592, 1593; Pub. L. 102–550, title V, § 503(c)(4), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3780; Pub. L. 103–204, §§ 13, 14(a)(2), (d)(2), (e)(2), (f)(2), Dec. 17, 1993, 107 Stat. 2391, 2393, 2396, 2398; Pub. L. 103–325, title VI, § 602(a)(65), (66), Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2291; Pub. L. 106–400, § 2, Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1675.)
cite as: 12 USC 1831q