U.S Code last checked for updates: Jul 21, 2024
§ 1395i.
Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund
(a)
Creation; deposits; transfers from Treasury
(1)
the taxes imposed by sections 3101(b) and 3111(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to wages reported to the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate pursuant to subtitle F of such Code after December 31, 1965, as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury by applying the applicable rates of tax under such sections to such wages, which wages shall be certified by the Commissioner of Social Security on the basis of records of wages established and maintained by the Commissioner of Social Security in accordance with such reports; and
(2)
the taxes imposed by section 1401(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to self-employment income reported to the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate on tax returns under subtitle F of such Code, as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury by applying the applicable rate of tax under such section to such self-employment income, which self-employment income shall be certified by the Commissioner of Social Security on the basis of records of self-employment established and maintained by the Commissioner of Social Security in accordance with such returns.
The amounts appropriated by the preceding sentence shall be transferred from time to time from the general fund in the Treasury to the Trust Fund, such amounts to be determined on the basis of estimates by the Secretary of the Treasury of the taxes, specified in the preceding sentence, paid to or deposited into the Treasury; and proper adjustments shall be made in amounts subsequently transferred to the extent prior estimates were in excess of or were less than the taxes specified in such sentence.
(b)
Board of Trustees; composition; meetings; duties
With respect to the Trust Fund, there is hereby created a body to be known as the Board of Trustees of the Trust Fund (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “Board of Trustees”) composed of the Commissioner of Social Security, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Labor, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, all ex officio, and of two members of the public (both of whom may not be from the same political party), who shall be nominated by the President for a term of four years and subject to confirmation by the Senate. A member of the Board of Trustees serving as a member of the public and nominated and confirmed to fill a vacancy occurring during a term shall be nominated and confirmed only for the remainder of such term. An individual nominated and confirmed as a member of the public may serve in such position after the expiration of such member’s term until the earlier of the time at which the member’s successor takes office or the time at which a report of the Board is first issued under paragraph (2) after the expiration of the member’s term. The Secretary of the Treasury shall be the Managing Trustee of the Board of Trustees (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “Managing Trustee”). The Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services shall serve as the Secretary of the Board of Trustees. The Board of Trustees shall meet not less frequently than once each calendar year. It shall be the duty of the Board of Trustees to—
(1)
Hold the Trust Fund;
(2)
Report to the Congress not later than the first day of April of each year on the operation and status of the Trust Fund during the preceding fiscal year and on its expected operation and status during the current fiscal year and the next 2 fiscal years; Each report provided under paragraph (2) beginning with the report in 2005 shall include the information specified in section 801(a) of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003.1
1
 So in original. See 2003 Amendment note below.
(3)
Report immediately to the Congress whenever the Board is of the opinion that the amount of the Trust Fund is unduly small; and
(4)
Review the general policies followed in managing the Trust Fund, and recommend changes in such policies, including necessary changes in the provisions of law which govern the way in which the Trust Fund is to be managed.
The report provided for in paragraph (2) shall include a statement of the assets of, and the disbursements made from, the Trust Fund during the preceding fiscal year, an estimate of the expected income to, and disbursements to be made from, the Trust Fund during the current fiscal year and each of the next 2 fiscal years, and a statement of the actuarial status of the Trust Fund. Such report shall also include an actuarial opinion by the Chief Actuary of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services certifying that the techniques and methodologies used are generally accepted within the actuarial profession and that the assumptions and cost estimates used are reasonable. Such report shall be printed as a House document of the session of the Congress to which the report is made. A person serving on the Board of Trustees shall not be considered to be a fiduciary and shall not be personally liable for actions taken in such capacity with respect to the Trust Fund.
(c)
Investment of Trust Fund by Managing Trustee
(d)
Authority of Managing Trustee to sell obligations
(e)
Interest on and proceeds from sale or redemption of obligations
(f)
Payment of estimated taxes
(1)
The Managing Trustee is directed to pay from time to time from the Trust Fund into the Treasury the amount estimated by him as taxes imposed under section 3101(b) which are subject to refund under section 6413(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to wages paid after December 31, 1965. Such taxes shall be determined on the basis of the records of wages established and maintained by the Commissioner of Social Security in accordance with the wages reported to the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate pursuant to subtitle F of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and the Commissioner of Social Security shall furnish the Managing Trustee such information as may be required by the Managing Trustee for such purpose. The payments by the Managing Trustee shall be covered into the Treasury as repayments to the account for refunding internal revenue collections.
(2)
Repayments made under paragraph (1) shall not be available for expenditures but shall be carried to the surplus fund of the Treasury. If it subsequently appears that the estimates under such paragraph in any particular period were too high or too low, appropriate adjustments shall be made by the Managing Trustee in future payments.
(g)
Transfers from other Funds
(h)
Payments from Trust Fund amounts certified by Secretary
(i)
Payment of travel expenses for travel within United States; reconsideration interviews and proceedings before administrative law judges
(j)
Loans from other Funds; interest; repayment; report to Congress
(1)
If at any time prior to January 1988 the Managing Trustee determines that borrowing authorized under this subsection is appropriate in order to best meet the need for financing the benefit payments from the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, the Managing Trustee may, subject to paragraph (5), borrow such amounts as he determines to be appropriate from either the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund or the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund for transfer to and deposit in the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund.
(2)
In any case where a loan has been made to the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund under paragraph (1), there shall be transferred on the last day of each month after such loan is made, from such Trust Fund to the lending Trust Fund, the total interest accrued to such day with respect to the unrepaid balance of such loan at a rate equal to the rate which the lending Trust Fund would earn on the amount involved if the loan were an investment under subsection (c) (even if such an investment would earn interest at a rate different than the rate earned by investments redeemed by the lending fund in order to make the loan).
(3)
(A)
If in any month after a loan has been made to the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund under paragraph (1), the Managing Trustee determines that the assets of such Trust Fund are sufficient to permit repayment of all or part of any loans made to such Fund under paragraph (1), he shall make such repayments as he determines to be appropriate.
(B)
(i)
If on the last day of any year after a loan has been made under paragraph (1) by the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund or the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund to the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, the Managing Trustee determines that the Hospital Insurance Trust Fund ratio exceeds 15 percent, he shall transfer from such Trust Fund to the lending trust fund an amount that—
(I)
together with any amounts transferred to another lending trust fund under this paragraph for such year, will reduce the Hospital Insurance Trust Fund ratio to 15 percent; and
(II)
does not exceed the outstanding balance of such loan.
(ii)
Amounts required to be transferred under clause (i) shall be transferred on the last day of the first month of the year succeeding the year in which the determination described in clause (i) is made.
(iii)
For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “Hospital Insurance Trust Fund ratio” means, with respect to any calendar year, the ratio of—
(I)
the balance in the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, as of the last day of such calendar year; to
(II)
the amount estimated by the Secretary to be the total amount to be paid from the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund during the calendar year following such calendar year (other than payments of interest on, and repayments of, loans from the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund under paragraph (1)), and reducing the amount of any transfer to the Railroad Retirement Account by the amount of any transfers into such Trust Fund from the Railroad Retirement Account.
(C)
(i)
The full amount of all loans made under paragraph (1) (whether made before or after January 1, 1983) shall be repaid at the earliest feasible date and in any event no later than December 31, 1989.
(ii)
For the period after December 31, 1987 and before January 1, 1990, the Managing Trustee shall transfer each month from the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund to any Trust Fund that is owed any amount by the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund on a loan made under paragraph (1), an amount not less than an amount equal to (I) the amount owed to such Trust Fund by the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund at the beginning of such month (plus the interest accrued on the outstanding balance of such loan during such month), divided by (II) the number of months elapsing after the preceding month and before January 1990. The Managing Trustee may, during this period, transfer larger amounts than prescribed by the preceding sentence.
(4)
The Board of Trustees shall make a timely report to the Congress of any amounts transferred (including interest payments) under this subsection.
(5)
(A)
No amounts may be loaned by the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund or the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund under paragraph (1) during any month if the OASDI trust fund ratio for such month is less than 10 percent.
(B)
For purposes of this paragraph, the term “OASDI trust fund ratio” means, with respect to any month, the ratio of—
(i)
the combined balance in the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund, reduced by the outstanding amount of any loan (including interest thereon) theretofore made to either such Trust Fund from the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund under section 401(l) of this title, as of the last day of the second month preceding such month, to
(ii)
the amount obtained by multiplying by twelve the total amount which (as estimated by the Secretary) will be paid from the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund during the month for which such ratio is to be determined for all purposes authorized by section 401 of this title (other than payments of interest on, or repayments of, loans from the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund under section 401(l) of this title), but excluding any transfer payments between such trust funds and reducing the amount of any transfers to the Railroad Retirement Account by the amount of any transfers into either such trust fund from that Account.
(k)
Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control Account
(1)
Establishment
(2)
Appropriated amounts to Trust Fund
(A)
In general
There are hereby appropriated to the Trust Fund—
(i)
such gifts and bequests as may be made as provided in subparagraph (B);
(ii)
such amounts as may be deposited in the Trust Fund as provided in sections 242(b) and 249(c) of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, and subchapter XI; and
(iii)
such amounts as are transferred to the Trust Fund under subparagraph (C).
(B)
Authorization to accept gifts
(C)
Transfer of amounts
The Managing Trustee shall transfer to the Trust Fund, under rules similar to the rules in section 9601 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, an amount equal to the sum of the following:
(i)
Criminal fines recovered in cases involving a Federal health care offense (as defined in section 24(a) of title 18).
(ii)
Civil monetary penalties and assessments imposed in health care cases, including amounts recovered under this subchapter and subchapters XI and XIX, and chapter 38 of title 31 (except as otherwise provided by law).
(iii)
Amounts resulting from the forfeiture of property by reason of a Federal health care offense.
(iv)
Penalties and damages obtained and otherwise creditable to miscellaneous receipts of the general fund of the Treasury obtained under sections 3729 through 3733 of title 31 (known as the False Claims Act), in cases involving claims related to the provision of health care items and services (other than funds awarded to a relator, for restitution or otherwise authorized by law).
(D)
Application
(3)
Appropriated amounts to Account for fraud and abuse control program, etc.
(A)
Departments of Health and Human Services and Justice
(i)
In general
(I)
for fiscal year 1997, $104,000,000;
(II)
for each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2003, the limit for the preceding fiscal year, increased by 15 percent;
(III)
for each of fiscal years 2004, 2005, and 2006, the limit for fiscal year 2003; and
(IV)
for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2006, the limit under this clause for the preceding fiscal year, increased by the percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers (all items; United States city average) over the previous year.
(ii)
Medicare and medicaid activities
For each fiscal year, of the amount appropriated in clause (i), the following amounts shall be available only for the purposes of the activities of the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services with respect to the programs under this subchapter and subchapter XIX—
(I)
for fiscal year 1997, not less than $60,000,000 and not more than $70,000,000;
(II)
for fiscal year 1998, not less than $80,000,000 and not more than $90,000,000;
(III)
for fiscal year 1999, not less than $90,000,000 and not more than $100,000,000;
(IV)
for fiscal year 2000, not less than $110,000,000 and not more than $120,000,000;
(V)
for fiscal year 2001, not less than $120,000,000 and not more than $130,000,000;
(VI)
for fiscal year 2002, not less than $140,000,000 and not more than $150,000,000;
(VII)
for each of fiscal years 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006, not less than $150,000,000 and not more than $160,000,000;
(VIII)
for fiscal year 2007, not less than $160,000,000, increased by the percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers (all items; United States city average) over the previous year; and
(IX)
for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2007, not less than the amount required under this clause for the preceding fiscal year, increased by the percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers (all items; United States city average) over the previous year.
(B)
Federal Bureau of Investigation
There are hereby appropriated from the general fund of the United States Treasury and hereby appropriated to the Account for transfer to the Federal Bureau of Investigation to carry out the purposes described in subparagraph (C), to be available without further appropriation until expended—
(i)
for fiscal year 1997, $47,000,000;
(ii)
for fiscal year 1998, $56,000,000;
(iii)
for fiscal year 1999, $66,000,000;
(iv)
for fiscal year 2000, $76,000,000;
(v)
for fiscal year 2001, $88,000,000;
(vi)
for fiscal year 2002, $101,000,000;
(vii)
for each of fiscal years 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006, $114,000,000; and
(viii)
for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2006, the amount to be appropriated under this subparagraph for the preceding fiscal year, increased by the percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers (all items; United States city average) over the previous year.
(C)
Use of funds
The purposes described in this subparagraph are to cover the costs (including equipment, salaries and benefits, and travel and training) of the administration and operation of the health care fraud and abuse control program established under section 1320a–7c(a) of this title, including the costs of—
(i)
prosecuting health care matters (through criminal, civil, and administrative proceedings);
(ii)
investigations;
(iii)
financial and performance audits of health care programs and operations;
(iv)
inspections and other evaluations; and
(v)
provider and consumer education regarding compliance with the provisions of subchapter XI.
(4)
Appropriated amounts to Account for Medicare Integrity Program
(A)
In general
(B)
Amounts specified
Subject to subparagraph (C), the amount appropriated under subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year is as follows:
(i)
For fiscal year 1997, such amount shall be not less than $430,000,000 and not more than $440,000,000.
(ii)
For fiscal year 1998, such amount shall be not less than $490,000,000 and not more than $500,000,000.
(iii)
For fiscal year 1999, such amount shall be not less than $550,000,000 and not more than $560,000,000.
(iv)
For fiscal year 2000, such amount shall be not less than $620,000,000 and not more than $630,000,000.
(v)
For fiscal year 2001, such amount shall be not less than $670,000,000 and not more than $680,000,000.
(vi)
For fiscal year 2002, such amount shall be not less than $690,000,000 and not more than $700,000,000.
(vii)
For each fiscal year after fiscal year 2002, such amount shall be not less than $710,000,000 and not more than $720,000,000.
(C)
Adjustments
The amount appropriated under subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year is increased as follows:
(i)
For fiscal year 2006, $100,000,000.
(ii)
For each fiscal year after 2010, by the percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers (all items; United States city average) over the previous year.
(D)
Expansion of the Medicare-Medicaid Data Match Program
The amount appropriated under subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year is further increased as follows for purposes of carrying out section 1395ddd(b)(6) of this title for the respective fiscal year:
(i)
$12,000,000 for fiscal year 2006.
(ii)
$24,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.
(iii)
$36,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.
(iv)
$48,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(v)
$60,000,000 for fiscal year 2010 and each fiscal year thereafter.
(5)
Annual report
Not later than January 1, the Secretary and the Attorney General shall submit jointly a report to Congress which identifies—
(A)
the amounts appropriated to the Trust Fund for the previous fiscal year under paragraph (2)(A) and the source of such amounts; and
(B)
the amounts appropriated from the Trust Fund for such year under paragraph (3) and the justification for the expenditure of such amounts.
(6)
GAO report
Not later than June 1, 1998, and January 1 of 2000, 2002, and 2004, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report to Congress which—
(A)
identifies—
(i)
the amounts appropriated to the Trust Fund for the previous two fiscal years under paragraph (2)(A) and the source of such amounts; and
(ii)
the amounts appropriated from the Trust Fund for such fiscal years under paragraph (3) and the justification for the expenditure of such amounts;
(B)
identifies any expenditures from the Trust Fund with respect to activities not involving the program under this subchapter;
(C)
identifies any savings to the Trust Fund, and any other savings, resulting from expenditures from the Trust Fund; and
(D)
analyzes such other aspects of the operation of the Trust Fund as the Comptroller General of the United States considers appropriate.
(7)
Additional funding
(8)
Additional funding
(A)
In general
In addition to the funds otherwise appropriated to the Account from the Trust Fund under paragraphs (3)(C) and (4)(A) and for purposes described in paragraphs (3)(C) and (4)(A), there are hereby appropriated to such Account from such Trust Fund the following additional amounts:
(i)
For fiscal year 2011, $95,000,000.
(ii)
For fiscal year 2012, $55,000,000.
(iii)
For each of fiscal years 2013 and 2014, $30,000,000.
(iv)
For each of fiscal years 2015 and 2016, $20,000,000.
(B)
Allocation
(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XVIII, § 1817, as added Pub. L. 89–97, title I, § 102(a), July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 299; amended Pub. L. 90–248, title I, § 169(a), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 875; Pub. L. 92–603, title I, § 132(d), Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1361; Pub. L. 95–292, § 5, June 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 315; Pub. L. 96–265, title III, § 310(c), June 9, 1980, 94 Stat. 460; Pub. L. 97–123, § 1(b), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1659; Pub. L. 98–21, title I, §§ 141(b), 142(b)(1), (2)(A), (3), (4), 154(b), title III, § 341(b), Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 98, 100, 101, 107, 135; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title III, §§ 2337(a), 2354(b)(2), title VI, § 2663(j)(2)(F)(i), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1091, 1100, 1170; Pub. L. 99–272, title IX, § 9213(b), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 180; Pub. L. 99–514, § 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095; Pub. L. 100–360, title II, § 212(c)(3), July 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 741; Pub. L. 100–647, title VIII, § 8005(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3781; Pub. L. 101–234, title II, § 202(a), Dec. 13, 1989, 103 Stat. 1981; Pub. L. 101–508, title V, § 5106(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–268; Pub. L. 103–296, title I, § 108(c)(1), Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1485; Pub. L. 104–191, title II, § 201(b), Aug. 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 1993; Pub. L. 105–33, title IV, § 4318, Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 392; Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(6) [title III, § 321(j)(1)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–366; Pub. L. 108–173, title VII, § 736(a)(5), (6), title VIII, § 801(d)(1), title IX, § 900(e)(1)(D), Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2355, 2359, 2371; Pub. L. 109–171, title V, § 5204, title VI, § 6034(d)(2), Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 48, 78; Pub. L. 109–432, div. B, title III, § 303, Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 2992; Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, § 6402(i), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 760; Pub. L. 111–152, title I, § 1303(a)(1), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1057.)
cite as: 42 USC 1395i