U.S Code last checked for updates: Sep 22, 2019
§ 1788.
Team nutrition network
(a)
Purposes
The purposes of the team nutrition network are—
(1)
to establish State systems to promote the nutritional health of school children of the United States through nutrition education and the use of team nutrition messages and material developed by the Secretary, and to encourage regular physical activity and other activities that support healthy lifestyles for children, including those based on the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans published under section 5341 of title 7;
(2)
to provide assistance to States for the development of comprehensive and integrated nutrition education and active living programs in schools and facilities that participate in child nutrition programs;
(3)
to provide training and technical assistance and disseminate team nutrition messages to States, school and community nutrition programs, and child nutrition food service professionals;
(4)
to coordinate and collaborate with other nutrition education and active living programs that share similar goals and purposes; and
(5)
to identify and share innovative programs with demonstrated effectiveness in helping children to maintain a healthy weight by enhancing student understanding of healthful eating patterns and the importance of regular physical activity.
(b)
Definition of team nutrition network

In this section, the term “team nutrition network” means a statewide multidisciplinary program for children to promote healthy eating and physical activity based on scientifically valid information and sound educational, social, and marketing principles.

(c)
Grants
(1)
In general
Subject to the availability of funds for use in carrying out this section, in addition to any other funds made available to the Secretary for team nutrition purposes, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, may make grants to State agencies for each fiscal year, in accordance with this section, to establish team nutrition networks to promote nutrition education through—
(A)
the use of team nutrition network messages and other scientifically based information; and
(B)
the promotion of active lifestyles.
(2)
Form

A portion of the grants provided under this subsection may be in the form of competitive grants.

(3)
Funds from nongovernmental sources

In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary may accept cash contributions from nongovernmental organizations made expressly to further the purposes of this section, to be managed by the Food and Nutrition Service, for use by the Secretary and the States in carrying out this section.

(d)
Allocation
Subject to the availability of funds for use in carrying out this section, the total amount of funds made available for a fiscal year for grants under this section shall equal not more than the sum of—
(1)
the product obtained by multiplying ½ cent by the number of lunches reimbursed through food service programs under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) during the second preceding fiscal year in schools, institutions, and service institutions that participate in the food service programs; and
(2)
the total value of funds received by the Secretary in support of this section from nongovernmental sources.
(e)
Requirements for State participation
To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a State agency shall submit to the Secretary a plan that—
(1)
is subject to approval by the Secretary; and
(2)
is submitted at such time and in such manner, and that contains such information, as the Secretary may require, including—
(A)
a description of the goals and proposed State plan for addressing the health and other consequences of children who are at risk of becoming overweight or obese;
(B)
an analysis of the means by which the State agency will use and disseminate the team nutrition messages and material developed by the Secretary;
(C)
an explanation of the ways in which the State agency will use the funds from the grant to work toward the goals required under subparagraph (A), and to promote healthy eating and physical activity and fitness in schools throughout the State;
(D)
a description of the ways in which the State team nutrition network messages and activities will be coordinated at the State level with other health promotion and education activities;
(E)
a description of the consultative process that the State agency employed in the development of the model nutrition and physical activity programs, including consultations with individuals and organizations with expertise in promoting public health, nutrition, or physical activity;
(F)
a description of how the State agency will evaluate the effectiveness of each program developed by the State agency;
(G)
an annual summary of the team nutrition network activities;
(H)
a description of the ways in which the total school environment will support healthy eating and physical activity; and
(I)
a description of how all communications to parents and legal guardians of students who are members of a household receiving or applying for assistance under the program shall be in an understandable and uniform format and, to the maximum extent practicable, in a language that parents and legal guardians can understand.
(f)
State coordinator
Each State that receives a grant under this section shall appoint a team nutrition network coordinator who shall—
(1)
administer and coordinate the team nutrition network within and across schools, school food authorities, and other child nutrition program providers in the State; and
(2)
coordinate activities of the Secretary, acting through the Food and Nutrition Service, and State agencies responsible for other children’s health, education, and wellness programs to implement a comprehensive, coordinated team nutrition network program.
(g)
Authorized activities
A State agency that receives a grant under this section may use funds from the grant—
(1)
(A)
to collect, analyze, and disseminate data regarding the extent to which children and youths in the State are overweight, physically inactive, or otherwise suffering from nutrition-related deficiencies or disease conditions; and
(B)
to identify the programs and services available to meet those needs;
(2)
to implement model elementary and secondary education curricula using team nutrition network messages and material developed by the Secretary to create a comprehensive, coordinated nutrition and physical fitness awareness and obesity prevention program;
(3)
to implement pilot projects in schools to promote physical activity and to enhance the nutritional status of students;
(4)
to improve access to local foods through farm-to-cafeteria activities that may include the acquisition of food and the provision of training and education;
(5)
to implement State guidelines in health (including nutrition education and physical education guidelines) and to emphasize regular physical activity during school hours;
(6)
to establish healthy eating and lifestyle policies in schools;
(7)
to provide training and technical assistance to teachers and school food service professionals consistent with the purposes of this section;
(8)
to collaborate with public and private organizations, including community-based organizations, State medical associations, and public health groups, to develop and implement nutrition and physical education programs targeting lower income children, ethnic minorities, and youth at a greater risk for obesity.
(h)
Local nutrition and physical activity grants
(1)
In general

Subject to the availability of funds to carry out this subsection, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall provide assistance to selected local educational agencies to create healthy school nutrition environments, promote healthy eating habits, and increase physical activity, consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans published under section 5341 of title 7, among elementary and secondary education students.

(2)
Selection of schools
In selecting local educational agencies for grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall—
(A)
provide for the equitable distribution of grants among—
(i)
urban, suburban, and rural schools; and
(ii)
schools with varying family income levels;
(B)
consider factors that affect need, including local educational agencies with significant minority or low-income student populations; and
(C)
establish a process that allows the Secretary to conduct an evaluation of how funds were used.
(3)
Requirement for participation
To be eligible to receive assistance under this subsection, a local educational agency shall, in consultation with individuals who possess education or experience appropriate for representing the general field of public health, including nutrition and fitness professionals, submit to the Secretary an application that shall include—
(A)
a description of the need of the local educational agency for a nutrition and physical activity program, including an assessment of the nutritional environment of the school;
(B)
a description of how the proposed project will improve health and nutrition through education and increased access to physical activity;
(C)
a description of how the proposed project will be aligned with the local wellness policy required under section 204 of the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004;
(D)
a description of how funds under this subsection will be coordinated with other programs under this chapter, the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.), or other Acts, as appropriate, to improve student health and nutrition;
(E)
a statement of the measurable goals of the local educational agency for nutrition and physical education programs and promotion;
(F)
a description of the procedures the agency will use to assess and publicly report progress toward meeting those goals; and
(G)
a description of how communications to parents and guardians of participating students regarding the activities under this subsection shall be in an understandable and uniform format, and, to the extent maximum practicable, in a language that parents can understand.
(4)
Duration

Subject to the availability of funds made available to carry out this subsection, a local educational agency receiving assistance under this subsection shall conduct the project during a period of 3 successive school years beginning with the initial fiscal year for which the local educational agency receives funds.

(5)
Authorized activities
An eligible applicant that receives assistance under this subsection—
(A)
shall use funds provided to—
(i)
promote healthy eating through the development and implementation of nutrition education programs and curricula based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans published under section 5341 of title 7; and
(ii)
increase opportunities for physical activity through after school programs, athletics, intramural activities, and recess; and
(B)
may use funds provided to—
(i)
educate parents and students about the relationship of a poor diet and inactivity to obesity and other health problems;
(ii)
develop and implement physical education programs that promote fitness and lifelong activity;
(iii)
provide training and technical assistance to food service professionals to develop more appealing, nutritious menus and recipes;
(iv)
incorporate nutrition education into physical education, health education, and after school programs, including athletics;
(v)
involve parents, nutrition professionals, food service staff, educators, community leaders, and other interested parties in assessing the food options in the school environment and developing and implementing an action plan to promote a balanced and healthy diet;
(vi)
provide nutrient content or nutrition information on meals served through the school lunch program established under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) and the school breakfast program established by section 1773 of this title and items sold a la carte during meal times;
(vii)
encourage the increased consumption of a variety of healthy foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products, through new initiatives to creatively market healthful foods, such as salad bars and fruit bars;
(viii)
offer healthy food choices outside program meals, including by making low-fat and nutrient dense options available in vending machines, school stores, and other venues; and
(ix)
provide nutrition education, including sports nutrition education, for teachers, coaches, food service staff, athletic trainers, and school nurses.
(6)
Report
Not later than 18 months after completion of the projects and evaluations under this subsection, the Secretary shall—
(A)
submit to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the results of the evaluation under this subsection; and
(B)
make the report available to the public, including through the Internet.
(i)
Nutrition education support

In carrying out the purpose of this section to support nutrition education, the Secretary may provide for technical assistance and grants to improve the quality of school meals and access to local foods in schools and institutions.

(j)
Limitation

Material prepared under this section regarding agricultural commodities, food, or beverages, must be factual and without bias.

(k)
Team nutrition network independent evaluation
(1)
In general
Subject to the availability of funds to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall offer to enter into an agreement with an independent, nonpartisan, science-based research organization—
(A)
to conduct a comprehensive independent evaluation of the effectiveness of the team nutrition initiative and the team nutrition network under this section; and
(B)
to identify best practices by schools in—
(i)
improving student understanding of healthful eating patterns;
(ii)
engaging students in regular physical activity and improving physical fitness;
(iii)
reducing diabetes and obesity rates in school children;
(iv)
improving student nutrition behaviors on the school campus, including by increasing healthier meal choices by students, as evidenced by greater inclusion of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean dairy and protein in meal and snack selections;
(v)
providing training and technical assistance for food service professionals resulting in the availability of healthy meals that appeal to ethnic and cultural taste preferences;
(vi)
linking meals programs to nutrition education activities;
(vii)
successfully involving parents, school administrators, the private sector, public health agencies, nonprofit organizations, and other community partners;
(viii)
ensuring the adequacy of time to eat during school meal periods; and
(ix)
successfully generating revenue through the sale of food items, while providing healthy options to students through vending, student stores, and other venues.
(2)
Report

Not later than 3 years after funds are made available to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the findings of the independent evaluation.

(l)
Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this section.

(Pub. L. 89–642, § 19, as added Pub. L. 95–166, § 15, Nov. 10, 1977, 91 Stat. 1340; amended Pub. L. 96–499, title II, § 213, Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2603; Pub. L. 97–35, title VIII, §§ 806, 817(f), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 527, 532; Pub. L. 99–500, title III, §§ 315, 362, 372(b), 373(b), Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–360, 1783–368, 1783–369, and Pub. L. 99–591, title III, §§ 315, 362, 372(b), 373(b), Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–363, 3341–371, 3341–372; Pub. L. 99–661, div. D, title I, § 4105, title IV, § 4402, title V, §§ 4502(b), 4503(b), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 4071, 4079–4081; Pub. L. 101–147, title I, § 124, title II, § 214, title III, § 327, Nov. 10, 1989, 103 Stat. 905, 913, 918; Pub. L. 103–448, title II, § 205, Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4746; Pub. L. 104–193, title VII, § 731(a)–(f), Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2305–2307; Pub. L. 105–336, title II, § 204, Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3167; Pub. L. 106–78, title VII, § 752(b)(16), Oct. 22, 1999, 113 Stat. 1170; Pub. L. 108–265, title II, § 205(a), June 30, 2004, 118 Stat. 782.)
cite as: 42 USC 1788