Except as provided in this subsection, for a project to be eligible for funding under this section the project shall—
contribute to the efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network; and
be identified in a freight investment plan included in a freight plan of the State that is in effect.
For each fiscal year, a State may obligate not more than 10 percent of the total apportionment of the State under section 104(b)(5) for freight intermodal or freight rail projects, including projects—
within the boundaries of public or private freight rail or water facilities (including ports); and
that provide surface transportation infrastructure necessary to facilitate direct intermodal interchange, transfer, and access into or out of the facility.
Funds apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(5) for the national highway freight program may be obligated to carry out 1 or more of the following:
Development phase activities, including planning, feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other preconstruction activities.
Construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, acquisition of real property (including land relating to the project and improvements to land), construction contingencies, acquisition of equipment, and operational improvements directly relating to improving system performance.
Intelligent transportation systems and other technology to improve the flow of freight, including intelligent freight transportation systems.
Efforts to reduce the environmental impacts of freight movement.
Environmental and community mitigation for freight movement.
Railway-highway grade separation.
Geometric improvements to interchanges and ramps.
Climbing and runaway truck lanes.
Adding or widening of shoulders.
Truck parking facilities eligible for funding under section 1401 of MAP–21 (23 U.S.C. 137
Real-time traffic, truck parking, roadway condition, and multimodal transportation information systems.
Electronic screening and credentialing systems for vehicles, including weigh-in-motion truck inspection technologies.
Traffic signal optimization, including synchronized and adaptive signals.
Work zone management and information systems.
Highway ramp metering.
Electronic cargo and border security technologies that improve truck freight movement.
Intelligent transportation systems that would increase truck freight efficiencies inside the boundaries of intermodal facilities.
Additional road capacity to address highway freight bottlenecks.
Physical separation of passenger vehicles from commercial motor freight.
Enhancement of the resiliency of critical highway infrastructure, including highway infrastructure that supports national energy security, to improve the flow of freight.
A highway or bridge project, other than a project described in clauses (i) through (xxi), to improve the flow of freight on the National Highway Freight Network.
Any other surface transportation project to improve the flow of freight into and out of a facility described in subparagraph (B).