In carrying out this subchapter on behalf of the President, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, and the heads of other Federal agencies as appropriate, shall—
establish and maintain a list of items that are controlled under this subchapter;
establish and maintain a list of foreign persons and end-uses that are determined to be a threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States pursuant to the policy set forth in section 4811(2)(A) of this title
prohibit unauthorized exports, reexports, and in-country transfers of controlled items, including to foreign persons in the United States or outside the United States;
restrict exports, reexports, and in-country transfers of any controlled items to any foreign person or end-use listed under paragraph (2);
require licenses or other authorizations, as appropriate, for exports, reexports, and in-country transfers of controlled items, including—
imposing conditions or restrictions on United States persons and foreign persons with respect to such licenses or other authorizations; and
suspending or revoking such licenses or authorizations;
establish a process for an assessment to determine whether a foreign item is comparable in quality to an item controlled under this subchapter, and is available in sufficient quantities to render the United States export control of that item or the denial of a license ineffective, including a mechanism to address that disparity;
require measures for compliance with the export controls established under this subchapter;
require and obtain such information from United States persons and foreign persons as is necessary to carry out this subchapter;
require, to the extent feasible, identification of items subject to controls under this subchapter in order to facilitate the enforcement of such controls;
inspect, search, detain, or seize, or impose temporary denial orders with respect to items, in any form, that are subject to controls under this subchapter, or conveyances on which it is believed that there are items that have been, are being, or are about to be exported, reexported, or in-country transferred in violation of this subchapter;
monitor shipments and other means of transfer;
keep the public appropriately apprised of changes in policy, regulations, and procedures established under this subchapter;
appoint technical advisory committees in accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act [5 U.S.C. App.
create, as warranted, exceptions to licensing requirements in order to further the objectives of this subchapter;
establish and maintain processes to inform persons, either individually by specific notice or through amendment to any regulation or order issued under this subchapter, that a license from the Bureau of Industry and Security of the Department of Commerce is required to export; and
undertake any other action as is necessary to carry out this subchapter that is not otherwise prohibited by law.
Countries supporting international terrorism
Commerce license requirement
A license shall be required for the export, reexport, or in-country transfer of items, the control of which is implemented pursuant to subsection (a) by the Secretary, to a country if the Secretary of State has made the following determinations:
The government of such country has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.
The export, reexport, or in-country transfer of such items could make a significant contribution to the military potential of such country, including its military logistics capability, or could enhance the ability of such country to support acts of international terrorism.
Determination under other provisions of law
A determination of the Secretary of State under section 2371 of title 22, section 2780 of title 22, or any other provision of law that the government of a country described in subparagraph (A) has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism shall be deemed to be a determination with respect to such government for purposes of clause (i) of subparagraph (A).
Notification to Congress
The Secretary of State and the Secretary shall notify the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate at least 30 days before any license is issued as required by paragraph (1).
The Secretary of State shall include in the notification required under subparagraph (A)—
a detailed description of the items to be offered, including a brief description of the capabilities of any item for which a license to export, reexport, or in-country transfer the items is sought;
the reasons why the foreign country, person, or entity to which the export, reexport, or in-country transfer is proposed to be made has requested the items under the export, reexport, or in-country transfer, and a description of the manner in which such country, person, or entity intends to use such items;
the reasons why the proposed export, reexport, or in-country transfer is in the national interest of the United States;
an analysis of the impact of the proposed export, reexport, or in-country transfer on the military capabilities of the foreign country, person, or entity to which such transfer would be made;
an analysis of the manner in which the proposed export, reexport, or in-country transfer would affect the relative military strengths of countries in the region to which the items that are the subject of such export, reexport, or in-country transfer would be delivered and whether other countries in the region have comparable kinds and amounts of items; and
an analysis of the impact of the proposed export, reexport, or in-country transfer on the relations of the United States with the countries in the region to which the items that are the subject of such export, reexport, or in-country transfer would be delivered.
Publication in Federal Register
Each determination of the Secretary of State under paragraph (1)(A)(i) shall be published in the Federal Register, except that the Secretary of State may exclude confidential information and trade secrets contained in such determination.
Rescission of determination
A determination of the Secretary of State under paragraph (1)(A)(i) may not be rescinded unless the President submits to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the chairman of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate—
before the proposed rescission would take effect, a report certifying that—
there has been a fundamental change in the leadership and policies of the government of the country concerned;
that government is not supporting acts of international terrorism; and
that government has provided assurances that it will not support acts of international terrorism in the future; or
at least 45 days before the proposed rescission would take effect, a report justifying the rescission and certifying that—
the government concerned has not provided any support for acts international terrorism during the preceding 6-month period; and
the government concerned has provided assurances that it will not support acts of international terrorism in the future.
[Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title XVII, § 1754], Aug. 13, 2018, [132 Stat. 2212].)