U.S Code last checked for updates: Jun 24, 2021
§ 31315.
Waivers, exemptions, and pilot programs
(a)
Waivers.—
The Secretary may grant a waiver that relieves a person from compliance in whole or in part with a regulation issued under this chapter or section 31136 if the Secretary determines that it is in the public interest to grant the waiver and that the waiver is likely to achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level of safety that would be obtained in the absence of the waiver—
(1)
for a period not in excess of 3 months;
(2)
limited in scope and circumstances;
(3)
for nonemergency and unique events; and
(4)
subject to such conditions as the Secretary may impose.
(b)
Exemptions.—
(1)
In general.—
Upon receipt of a request pursuant to this subsection, the Secretary of Transportation may grant to a person or class of persons an exemption from a regulation prescribed under this chapter or section 31136 if the Secretary finds such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption.
(2)
Length of exemption and renewal.—
An exemption may be granted under paragraph (1) for no longer than 5 years and may be renewed, upon request, for subsequent 5-year periods if the Secretary continues to make the finding under paragraph (1).
(3)
Opportunity for resubmission.—
If the Secretary denies an application under paragraph (1) and the applicant can reasonably address the reason for the denial, the Secretary may allow the applicant to resubmit the application.
(4)
Authority to revoke exemption.—
The Secretary shall immediately revoke an exemption if—
(A)
the person fails to comply with the terms and conditions of such exemption;
(B)
the exemption has resulted in a lower level of safety than was maintained before the exemption was granted; or
(C)
continuation of the exemption would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of this chapter or section 31136, as the case may be.
(5)
Requests for exemption.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this section and after notice and an opportunity for public comment, the Secretary shall specify by regulation the procedures by which a person may request an exemption. Such regulations shall, at a minimum, require the person to provide the following information for each exemption request:
(A)
The provisions from which the person requests exemption.
(B)
The time period during which the requested exemption would apply.
(C)
An analysis of the safety impacts the requested exemption may cause.
(D)
The specific countermeasures the person would undertake to ensure an equivalent or greater level of safety than would be achieved absent the requested exemption.
(6)
Notice and comment.—
(A)
Upon receipt of a request.—
Upon receipt of an exemption request, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register (or, in the case of a request for an exemption from the physical qualification standards for commercial motor vehicle drivers, post on a web site established by the Secretary to implement the requirements of section 31149) a notice explaining the request that has been filed and shall give the public an opportunity to inspect the safety analysis and any other relevant information known to the Secretary and to comment on the request. This subparagraph does not require the release of information protected by law from public disclosure.
(B)
Upon granting a request.—
Upon granting a request and before the effective date of the exemption, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register (or, in the case of an exemption from the physical qualification standards for commercial motor vehicle drivers, post on a web site established by the Secretary to implement the requirements of section 31149) the name of the person granted the exemption, the provisions from which the person is exempt, the effective period, and the terms and conditions of the exemption.
(C)
After denying a request.—
After denying a request for exemption, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register (or, in the case of a request for an exemption from the physical qualification standards for commercial motor vehicle drivers, post on a web site established by the Secretary to implement the requirements of section 31149) the name of the person denied the exemption and the reasons for such denial. The Secretary may meet the requirement of this subparagraph by periodically publishing in the Federal Register the names of persons denied exemptions and the reasons for such denials.
(7)
Applications to be dealt with promptly.—
The Secretary shall grant or deny an exemption request after a thorough review of its safety implications, but in no case later than 180 days after the filing date of such request.
(8)
Terms and conditions.—
The Secretary shall establish terms and conditions for each exemption to ensure that it will likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The Secretary shall monitor the implementation of the exemption to ensure compliance with its terms and conditions.
(9)
Notification of state compliance and enforcement personnel.—
Before the effective date of an exemption, the Secretary shall notify a State safety compliance and enforcement agency, and require the agency to notify the State’s roadside inspectors, that a person will be operating pursuant to an exemption and the terms and conditions that apply to the exemption.
(c)
Pilot Programs.—
(1)
In general.—
The Secretary may conduct pilot programs to evaluate alternatives to regulations relating to, or innovative approaches to, motor carrier, commercial motor vehicle, and driver safety. Such pilot programs may include exemptions from a regulation prescribed under this chapter or section 31136 if the pilot program contains, at a minimum, the elements described in paragraph (2). The Secretary shall publish a detailed description of each pilot program, including the exemptions to be considered, and provide notice and an opportunity for public comment before the effective date of the program.
(2)
Program elements.—
In proposing a pilot program and before granting exemptions for purposes of a pilot program, the Secretary shall require, as a condition of approval of the project, that the safety measures in the project are designed to achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level of safety that would otherwise be achieved through compliance with the regulations prescribed under this chapter or section 31136. The Secretary shall include, at a minimum, the following elements in each pilot program plan:
(A)
A scheduled life of each pilot program of not more than 3 years.
(B)
A specific data collection and safety analysis plan that identifies a method for comparison.
(C)
A reasonable number of participants necessary to yield statistically valid findings.
(D)
An oversight plan to ensure that participants comply with the terms and conditions of participation.
(E)
Adequate countermeasures to protect the health and safety of study participants and the general public.
(F)
A plan to inform State partners and the public about the pilot program and to identify approved participants to safety compliance and enforcement personnel and to the public.
(3)
Authority to revoke participation.—
The Secretary shall immediately revoke participation in a pilot program of a motor carrier, commercial motor vehicle, or driver for failure to comply with the terms and conditions of the pilot program or if continued participation would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of this chapter or section 31136, as the case may be.
(4)
Authority to terminate program.—
The Secretary shall immediately terminate a pilot program if its continuation would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of this chapter or section 31136, as the case may be.
(5)
Report to congress.—
At the conclusion of each pilot program, the Secretary shall report to Congress the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the program, including suggested amendments to laws and regulations that would enhance motor carrier, commercial motor vehicle, and driver safety and improve compliance with national safety standards.
(d)
Preemption of State Rules.—
During the time period that a waiver, exemption, or pilot program is in effect under this chapter or section 31136, no State shall enforce any law or regulation that conflicts with or is inconsistent with the waiver, exemption, or pilot program with respect to a person operating under the waiver or exemption or participating in the pilot program.
(e)
Report to Congress.—
The Secretary shall submit an annual report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives listing the waivers, exemptions, and pilot programs granted under this section, and any impacts on safety.
(f)
Web Site.—
The Secretary shall ensure that the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration web site includes a link to the web site established by the Secretary to implement the requirements under sections 31149 and 31315. The link shall be in a clear and conspicuous location on the home page of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration web site and be easily accessible to the public.
(g)
Limitations on Municipality and Commercial Zone Exemptions and Waivers.—
(1)
The Secretary may not—
(A)
exempt a person or commercial motor vehicle from a regulation related to commercial motor vehicle safety only because the operations of the person or vehicle are entirely in a municipality or commercial zone of a municipality; or
(B)
waive application to a person or commercial motor vehicle of a regulation related to commercial motor vehicle safety only because the operations of the person or vehicle are entirely in a municipality or commercial zone of a municipality.
(2)
If a person was authorized to operate a commercial motor vehicle in a municipality or commercial zone of a municipality in the United States for the entire period from November 19, 1987, through November 18, 1988, and if the person is otherwise qualified to operate a commercial motor vehicle, the person may operate a commercial motor vehicle entirely in a municipality or commercial zone of a municipality notwithstanding—
(A)
paragraph (1) of this subsection;
(B)
a minimum age requirement of the United States Government for operation of the vehicle; and
(C)
a medical or physical condition that—
(i)
would prevent an operator from operating a commercial motor vehicle under the commercial motor vehicle safety regulations in title 49, Code of Federal Regulations;
(ii)
existed on July 1, 1988;
(iii)
has not substantially worsened; and
(iv)
does not involve alcohol or drug abuse.
(3)
This subsection does not affect a State commercial motor vehicle safety law applicable to intrastate commerce.
(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1029; Pub. L. 105–178, title IV, § 4007(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 401; Pub. L. 112–141, div. C, title II, § 32913, July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 818; Pub. L. 114–94, div. A, title V, §§ 5202(1), 5206(a), Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1534, 1537.)
cite as: 49 USC 31315