U.S Code last checked for updates: Jun 25, 2024
§ 2901.
As used in this chapter, and chapters 21, 25, 31, and 33 of this title—
the term “records” has the meaning given it by section 3301 of this title;
the term “records management” means the planning, controlling, directing, organizing, training, promoting, and other managerial activities involved with respect to records creation, records maintenance and use, and records disposition in order to achieve adequate and proper documentation of the policies and transactions of the Federal Government and effective and economical management of agency operations;
the term “records creation” means the production or reproduction of any record;
the term “records maintenance and use” means any activity involving—
location of records of a Federal agency;
storage, retrieval, and handling of records kept at office file locations by or for a Federal agency;
processing of mail by a Federal agency; or
selection and utilization of equipment and supplies associated with records and copying;
the term “records disposition” means any activity with respect to—
disposal of temporary records no longer necessary for the conduct of business by destruction or donation;
transfer of records to Federal agency storage facilities or records centers;
transfer to the National Archives of the United States of records determined to have sufficient historical or other value to warrant continued preservation; or
transfer of records from one Federal agency to any other Federal agency;
the term “records center” means an establishment maintained and operated by the Archivist or by another Federal agency primarily for the storage, servicing, security, and processing of records which need to be preserved for varying periods of time and need not be retained in office equipment or space;
the term “records management study” means an investigation and analysis of any Federal agency records, or records management practices or programs (whether manual or automated), with a view toward rendering findings and recommendations with respect thereto;
the term “inspection” means reviewing any Federal agency’s records or records management practices or programs with respect to effectiveness and compliance with records management laws and making necessary recommendations for correction or improvement of records management;
the term “servicing” means making available for use information in records and other materials in the custody of the Archivist, or in a records center—
by furnishing the records or other materials, or information from them, or copies or reproductions thereof, to any Federal agency for official use, or to the public; or
by making and furnishing authenticated or unauthenticated copies or reproductions of the records or other materials;
the term “unauthenticated copies” means exact copies or reproductions of records or other materials that are not certified as such under seal and that need not be legally accepted as evidence;
the term “National Archives of the United States” means those official records which have been determined by the Archivist of the United States to have sufficient historical or other value to warrant their continued preservation by the Federal Government, and which have been accepted by the Archivist for deposit in the Archivist’s custody;
the term “Archivist” means the Archivist of the United States;
the term “executive agency” shall have the meaning given such term by section 102 of title 40;
the term “Federal agency” means any executive agency or any establishment in the legislative or judicial branch of the Government (except the Supreme Court, the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol and any activities under the direction of the Architect of the Capitol);
the term “electronic messages” means electronic mail and other electronic messaging systems that are used for purposes of communicating between individuals; and
the term “electronic records management system” means software designed to manage electronic records, including by—
categorizing and locating records;
ensuring that records are retained as long as necessary;
identifying records that are due for disposition; and
ensuring the storage, retrieval, and disposition of records.
(Added Pub. L. 94–575, § 2(a)(1), Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2723; amended Pub. L. 98–497, title I, § 107(b)(13), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2287; Pub. L. 107–217, § 3(l)(2), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1301; Pub. L. 113–187, § 8(6), Nov. 26, 2014, 128 Stat. 2012; Pub. L. 116–283, div. H, title XCVI, § 9602(b)(5), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4829.)
cite as: 44 USC 2901