U.S Code last checked for updates: May 23, 2024
§ 1396r.
Requirements for nursing facilities
(a)
“Nursing facility” defined
In this subchapter, the term “nursing facility” means an institution (or a distinct part of an institution) which—
(1)
is primarily engaged in providing to residents—
(A)
skilled nursing care and related services for residents who require medical or nursing care,
(B)
rehabilitation services for the rehabilitation of injured, disabled, or sick persons, or
(C)
on a regular basis, health-related care and services to individuals who because of their mental or physical condition require care and services (above the level of room and board) which can be made available to them only through institutional facilities,
and is not primarily for the care and treatment of mental diseases;
(2)
has in effect a transfer agreement (meeting the requirements of section 1395x(l) of this title) with one or more hospitals having agreements in effect under section 1395cc of this title; and
(3)
meets the requirements for a nursing facility described in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section.
Such term also includes any facility which is located in a State on an Indian reservation and is certified by the Secretary as meeting the requirements of paragraph (1) and subsections (b), (c), and (d).
(b)
Requirements relating to provision of services
(1)
Quality of life
(A)
In general
(B)
Quality assessment and assurance
(2)
Scope of services and activities under plan of care
A nursing facility must provide services and activities to attain or maintain the highest practicable physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being of each resident in accordance with a written plan of care which—
(A)
describes the medical, nursing, and psychosocial needs of the resident and how such needs will be met;
(B)
is initially prepared, with the participation to the extent practicable of the resident or the resident’s family or legal representative, by a team which includes the resident’s attending physician and a registered professional nurse with responsibility for the resident; and
(C)
is periodically reviewed and revised by such team after each assessment under paragraph (3).
(3)
Residents’ assessment
(A)
Requirement
A nursing facility must conduct a comprehensive, accurate, standardized, reproducible assessment of each resident’s functional capacity, which assessment—
(i)
describes the resident’s capability to perform daily life functions and significant impairments in functional capacity;
(ii)
is based on a uniform minimum data set specified by the Secretary under subsection (f)(6)(A);
(iii)
uses an instrument which is specified by the State under subsection (e)(5); and
(iv)
includes the identification of medical problems.
(B)
Certification
(i)
In general
(ii)
Penalty for falsification
(I)
An individual who willfully and knowingly certifies under clause (i) a material and false statement in a resident assessment is subject to a civil money penalty of not more than $1,000 with respect to each assessment.
(II)
An individual who willfully and knowingly causes another individual to certify under clause (i) a material and false statement in a resident assessment is subject to a civil money penalty of not more than $5,000 with respect to each assessment.
(III)
The provisions of section 1320a–7a of this title (other than subsections (a) and (b)) shall apply to a civil money penalty under this clause in the same manner as such provisions apply to a penalty or proceeding under section 1320a–7a(a) of this title.
(iii)
Use of independent assessors
(C)
Frequency
(i)
In general
Such an assessment must be conducted—
(I)
promptly upon (but no later than 14 days after the date of) admission for each individual admitted on or after October 1, 1990, and by not later than October 1, 1991, for each resident of the facility on that date;
(II)
promptly after a significant change in the resident’s physical or mental condition; and
(III)
in no case less often than once every 12 months.
(ii)
Resident review
(D)
Use
(E)
Coordination
(F)
Requirements relating to preadmission screening for mentally ill and mentally retarded individuals
Except as provided in clauses (ii) and (iii) of subsection (e)(7)(A), a nursing facility must not admit, on or after January 1, 1989, any new resident who—
(i)
is mentally ill (as defined in subsection (e)(7)(G)(i)) unless the State mental health authority has determined (based on an independent physical and mental evaluation performed by a person or entity other than the State mental health authority) prior to admission that, because of the physical and mental condition of the individual, the individual requires the level of services provided by a nursing facility, and, if the individual requires such level of services, whether the individual requires specialized services for mental illness, or
(ii)
is mentally retarded (as defined in subsection (e)(7)(G)(ii)) unless the State mental retardation or developmental disability authority has determined prior to admission that, because of the physical and mental condition of the individual, the individual requires the level of services provided by a nursing facility, and, if the individual requires such level of services, whether the individual requires specialized services for mental retardation.
A State mental health authority and a State mental retardation or developmental disability authority may not delegate (by subcontract or otherwise) their responsibilities under this subparagraph to a nursing facility (or to an entity that has a direct or indirect affiliation or relationship with such a facility).
(4)
Provision of services and activities
(A)
In general
To the extent needed to fulfill all plans of care described in paragraph (2), a nursing facility must provide (or arrange for the provision of)—
(i)
nursing and related services and specialized rehabilitative services to attain or maintain the highest practicable physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being of each resident;
(ii)
medically-related social services to attain or maintain the highest practicable physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being of each resident;
(iii)
pharmaceutical services (including procedures that assure the accurate acquiring, receiving, dispensing, and administering of all drugs and biologicals) to meet the needs of each resident;
(iv)
dietary services that assure that the meals meet the daily nutritional and special dietary needs of each resident;
(v)
an on-going program, directed by a qualified professional, of activities designed to meet the interests and the physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being of each resident;
(vi)
routine dental services (to the extent covered under the State plan) and emergency dental services to meet the needs of each resident; and
(vii)
treatment and services required by mentally ill and mentally retarded residents not otherwise provided or arranged for (or required to be provided or arranged for) by the State.
The services provided or arranged by the facility must meet professional standards of quality.
(B)
Qualified persons providing services
(C)
Required nursing care; facility waivers
(i)
General requirements
With respect to nursing facility services provided on or after October 1, 1990, a nursing facility—
(I)
except as provided in clause (ii), must provide 24-hour licensed nursing services which are sufficient to meet the nursing needs of its residents, and
(II)
except as provided in clause (ii), must use the services of a registered professional nurse for at least 8 consecutive hours a day, 7 days a week.
(ii)
Waiver by State
To the extent that a facility is unable to meet the requirements of clause (i), a State may waive such requirements with respect to the facility if—
(I)
the facility demonstrates to the satisfaction of the State that the facility has been unable, despite diligent efforts (including offering wages at the community prevailing rate for nursing facilities), to recruit appropriate personnel,
(II)
the State determines that a waiver of the requirement will not endanger the health or safety of individuals staying in the facility,
(III)
the State finds that, for any such periods in which licensed nursing services are not available, a registered professional nurse or a physician is obligated to respond immediately to telephone calls from the facility,
(IV)
the State agency granting a waiver of such requirements provides notice of the waiver to the State long-term care ombudsman (established under section 307(a)(12) 1
1
 See References in Text note below.
of the Older Americans Act of 1965) and the protection and advocacy system in the State for the mentally ill and the mentally retarded, and
(V)
the nursing facility that is granted such a waiver by a State notifies residents of the facility (or, where appropriate, the guardians or legal representatives of such residents) and members of their immediate families of the waiver.
 A waiver under this clause shall be subject to annual review and to the review of the Secretary and subject to clause (iii) shall be accepted by the Secretary for purposes of this subchapter to the same extent as is the State’s certification of the facility. In granting or renewing a waiver, a State may require the facility to use other qualified, licensed personnel.
(iii)
Assumption of waiver authority by Secretary
(5)
Required training of nurse aides
(A)
In general
(i)
Except as provided in clause (ii), a nursing facility must not use on a full-time basis any individual as a nurse aide in the facility on or after October 1, 1990, for more than 4 months unless the individual—
(I)
has completed a training and competency evaluation program, or a competency evaluation program, approved by the State under subsection (e)(1)(A), and
(II)
is competent to provide nursing or nursing-related services.
(ii)
A nursing facility must not use on a temporary, per diem, leased, or on any other basis other than as a permanent employee any individual as a nurse aide in the facility on or after January 1, 1991, unless the individual meets the requirements described in clause (i).
(B)
Offering competency evaluation programs for current employees
(C)
Competency
(D)
Re-training required
(E)
Regular in-service education
(F)
“Nurse aide” defined
In this paragraph, the term “nurse aide” means any individual providing nursing or nursing-related services to residents in a nursing facility, but does not include an individual—
(i)
who is a licensed health professional (as defined in subparagraph (G)) or a registered dietician, or
(ii)
who volunteers to provide such services without monetary compensation.
Such term includes an individual who provides such services through an agency or under a contract with the facility.
(G)
Licensed health professional defined
(6)
Physician supervision and clinical records
A nursing facility must—
(A)
require that the health care of every resident be provided under the supervision of a physician (or, at the option of a State, under the supervision of a nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, or physician assistant who is not an employee of the facility but who is working in collaboration with a physician);
(B)
provide for having a physician available to furnish necessary medical care in case of emergency; and
(C)
maintain clinical records on all residents, which records include the plans of care (described in paragraph (2)) and the residents’ assessments (described in paragraph (3)), as well as the results of any pre-admission screening conducted under subsection (e)(7).
(7)
Required social services
(8)
Information on nurse staffing
(A)
In general
(B)
Publication of data
(c)
Requirements relating to residents’ rights
(1)
General rights
(A)
Specified rights
A nursing facility must protect and promote the rights of each resident, including each of the following rights:
(i)
Free choice
(ii)
Free from restraints
The right to be free from physical or mental abuse, corporal punishment, involuntary seclusion, and any physical or chemical restraints imposed for purposes of discipline or convenience and not required to treat the resident’s medical symptoms. Restraints may only be imposed—
(I)
to ensure the physical safety of the resident or other residents, and
(II)
only upon the written order of a physician that specifies the duration and circumstances under which the restraints are to be used (except in emergency circumstances specified by the Secretary until such an order could reasonably be obtained).
(iii)
Privacy
(iv)
Confidentiality
(v)
Accommodation of needs
The right—
(I)
to reside and receive services with reasonable accommodation of individual needs and preferences, except where the health or safety of the individual or other residents would be endangered, and
(II)
to receive notice before the room or roommate of the resident in the facility is changed.
(vi)
Grievances
(vii)
Participation in resident and family groups
(viii)
Participation in other activities
(ix)
Examination of survey results
(x)
Refusal of certain transfers
(xi)
Other rights
Clause (iii) shall not be construed as requiring the provision of a private room. A resident’s exercise of a right to refuse transfer under clause (x) shall not affect the resident’s eligibility or entitlement to medical assistance under this subchapter or a State’s entitlement to Federal medical assistance under this subchapter with respect to services furnished to such a resident.
(B)
Notice of rights
A nursing facility must—
(i)
inform each resident, orally and in writing at the time of admission to the facility, of the resident’s legal rights during the stay at the facility and of the requirements and procedures for establishing eligibility for medical assistance under this subchapter, including the right to request an assessment under
(ii)
make available to each resident, upon reasonable request, a written statement of such rights (which statement is updated upon changes in such rights) including the notice (if any) of the State developed under subsection (e)(6);
(iii)
inform each resident who is entitled to medical assistance under this subchapter—
(I)
at the time of admission to the facility or, if later, at the time the resident becomes eligible for such assistance, of the items and services (including those specified under section 1396a(a)(28)(B) of this title) that are included in nursing facility services under the State plan and for which the resident may not be charged (except as permitted in section 1396o of this title), and of those other items and services that the facility offers and for which the resident may be charged and the amount of the charges for such items and services, and
(II)
of changes in the items and services described in subclause (I) and of changes in the charges imposed for items and services described in that subclause; and
(iv)
inform each other resident, in writing before or at the time of admission and periodically during the resident’s stay, of services available in the facility and of related charges for such services, including any charges for services not covered under subchapter XVIII or by the facility’s basic per diem charge.
The written description of legal rights under this subparagraph shall include a description of the protection of personal funds under paragraph (6) and a statement that a resident may file a complaint with a State survey and certification agency respecting resident abuse and neglect and misappropriation of resident property in the facility.
(C)
Rights of incompetent residents
(D)
Use of psychopharmacologic drugs
(2)
Transfer and discharge rights
(A)
In general
A nursing facility must permit each resident to remain in the facility and must not transfer or discharge the resident from the facility unless—
(i)
the transfer or discharge is necessary to meet the resident’s welfare and the resident’s welfare cannot be met in the facility;
(ii)
the transfer or discharge is appropriate because the resident’s health has improved sufficiently so the resident no longer needs the services provided by the facility;
(iii)
the safety of individuals in the facility is endangered;
(iv)
the health of individuals in the facility would otherwise be endangered;
(v)
the resident has failed, after reasonable and appropriate notice, to pay (or to have paid under this subchapter or subchapter XVIII on the resident’s behalf) for a stay at the facility; or
(vi)
the facility ceases to operate.
In each of the cases described in clauses (i) through (iv), the basis for the transfer or discharge must be documented in the resident’s clinical record. In the cases described in clauses (i) and (ii), the documentation must be made by the resident’s physician, and in the case described in clause (iv) the documentation must be made by a physician. For purposes of clause (v), in the case of a resident who becomes eligible for assistance under this subchapter after admission to the facility, only charges which may be imposed under this subchapter shall be considered to be allowable.
(B)
Pre-transfer and pre-discharge notice
(i)
In general
Before effecting a transfer or discharge of a resident, a nursing facility must—
(I)
notify the resident (and, if known, an immediate family member of the resident or legal representative) of the transfer or discharge and the reasons therefor,
(II)
record the reasons in the resident’s clinical record (including any documentation required under subparagraph (A)), and
(III)
include in the notice the items described in clause (iii).
(ii)
Timing of notice
The notice under clause (i)(I) must be made at least 30 days in advance of the resident’s transfer or discharge except—
(I)
in a case described in clause (iii) or (iv) of subparagraph (A);
(II)
in a case described in clause (ii) of subparagraph (A), where the resident’s health improves sufficiently to allow a more immediate transfer or discharge;
(III)
in a case described in clause (i) of subparagraph (A), where a more immediate transfer or discharge is necessitated by the resident’s urgent medical needs; or
(IV)
in a case where a resident has not resided in the facility for 30 days.
 In the case of such exceptions, notice must be given as many days before the date of the transfer or discharge as is practicable.
(iii)
Items included in notice
Each notice under clause (i) must include—
(I)
for transfers or discharges effected on or after October 1, 1989, notice of the resident’s right to appeal the transfer or discharge under the State process established under subsection (e)(3);
(II)
the name, mailing address, and telephone number of the State long-term care ombudsman (established under title III or VII of the Older Americans Act of 1965 [42 U.S.C. 3021 et seq., 3058 et seq.] in accordance with section 712 of the Act [42 U.S.C. 3058g]);
(III)
in the case of residents with developmental disabilities, the mailing address and telephone number of the agency responsible for the protection and advocacy system for developmentally disabled individuals established under subtitle C of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 [42 U.S.C. 15041 et seq.]; and
(IV)
in the case of mentally ill residents (as defined in subsection (e)(7)(G)(i)), the mailing address and telephone number of the agency responsible for the protection and advocacy system for mentally ill individuals established under the Protection and Advocacy for Mentally Ill Individuals Act 1 [42 U.S.C. 10801 et seq.].
(C)
Orientation
(D)
Notice on bed-hold policy and readmission
(i)
Notice before transfer
Before a resident of a nursing facility is transferred for hospitalization or therapeutic leave, a nursing facility must provide written information to the resident and an immediate family member or legal representative concerning—
(I)
the provisions of the State plan under this subchapter regarding the period (if any) during which the resident will be permitted under the State plan to return and resume residence in the facility, and
(II)
the policies of the facility regarding such a period, which policies must be consistent with clause (iii).
(ii)
Notice upon transfer
(iii)
Permitting resident to return
A nursing facility must establish and follow a written policy under which a resident—
(I)
who is eligible for medical assistance for nursing facility services under a State plan,
(II)
who is transferred from the facility for hospitalization or therapeutic leave, and
(III)
whose hospitalization or therapeutic leave exceeds a period paid for under the State plan for the holding of a bed in the facility for the resident,
 will be permitted to be readmitted to the facility immediately upon the first availability of a bed in a semiprivate room in the facility if, at the time of readmission, the resident requires the services provided by the facility.
(E)
Information respecting advance directives
(F)
Continuing rights in case of voluntary withdrawal from participation
(i)
In general
In the case of a nursing facility that voluntarily withdraws from participation in a State plan under this subchapter but continues to provide services of the type provided by nursing facilities—
(I)
the facility’s voluntary withdrawal from participation is not an acceptable basis for the transfer or discharge of residents of the facility who were residing in the facility on the day before the effective date of the withdrawal (including those residents who were not entitled to medical assistance as of such day);
(II)
the provisions of this section continue to apply to such residents until the date of their discharge from the facility; and
(III)
in the case of each individual who begins residence in the facility after the effective date of such withdrawal, the facility shall provide notice orally and in a prominent manner in writing on a separate page at the time the individual begins residence of the information described in clause (ii) and shall obtain from each such individual at such time an acknowledgment of receipt of such information that is in writing, signed by the individual, and separate from other documents signed by such individual.
 Nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed as affecting any requirement of a participation agreement that a nursing facility provide advance notice to the State or the Secretary, or both, of its intention to terminate the agreement.
(ii)
Information for new residents
The information described in this clause for a resident is the following:
(I)
The facility is not participating in the program under this subchapter with respect to that resident.
(II)
The facility may transfer or discharge the resident from the facility at such time as the resident is unable to pay the charges of the facility, even though the resident may have become eligible for medical assistance for nursing facility services under this subchapter.
(iii)
Continuation of payments and oversight authority
Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, with respect to the residents described in clause (i)(I), a participation agreement of a facility described in clause (i) is deemed to continue in effect under such plan after the effective date of the facility’s voluntary withdrawal from participation under the State plan for purposes of—
(I)
receiving payments under the State plan for nursing facility services provided to such residents;
(II)
maintaining compliance with all applicable requirements of this subchapter; and
(III)
continuing to apply the survey, certification, and enforcement authority provided under subsections (g) and (h) (including involuntary termination of a participation agreement deemed continued under this clause).
(iv)
No application to new residents
(3)
Access and visitation rights
A nursing facility must—
(A)
permit immediate access to any resident by any representative of the Secretary, by any representative of the State, by an ombudsman or agency described in subclause (II), (III), or (IV) of paragraph (2)(B)(iii), or by the resident’s individual physician;
(B)
permit immediate access to a resident, subject to the resident’s right to deny or withdraw consent at any time, by immediate family or other relatives of the resident;
(C)
permit immediate access to a resident, subject to reasonable restrictions and the resident’s right to deny or withdraw consent at any time, by others who are visiting with the consent of the resident;
(D)
permit reasonable access to a resident by any entity or individual that provides health, social, legal, or other services to the resident, subject to the resident’s right to deny or withdraw consent at any time; and
(E)
permit representatives of the State ombudsman (described in paragraph (2)(B)(iii)(II)), with the permission of the resident (or the resident’s legal representative) and consistent with State law, to examine a resident’s clinical records.
(4)
Equal access to quality care
(A)
In general
(B)
Construction
(i)
Nothing prohibiting any charges for non-medicaid patients
(ii)
No additional services required
(5)
Admissions policy
(A)
Admissions
With respect to admissions practices, a nursing facility must—
(i)
(I)
not require individuals applying to reside or residing in the facility to waive their rights to benefits under this subchapter or subchapter XVIII, (II) subject to subparagraph (B)(v), not require oral or written assurance that such individuals are not eligible for, or will not apply for, benefits under this subchapter or subchapter XVIII, and (III) prominently display in the facility written information, and provide to such individuals oral and written information, about how to apply for and use such benefits and how to receive refunds for previous payments covered by such benefits;
(ii)
not require a third party guarantee of payment to the facility as a condition of admission (or expedited admission) to, or continued stay in, the facility; and
(iii)
in the case of an individual who is entitled to medical assistance for nursing facility services, not charge, solicit, accept, or receive, in addition to any amount otherwise required to be paid under the State plan under this subchapter, any gift, money, donation, or other consideration as a precondition of admitting (or expediting the admission of) the individual to the facility or as a requirement for the individual’s continued stay in the facility.
(B)
Construction
(i)
No preemption of stricter standards
(ii)
Contracts with legal representatives
(iii)
(iv)
Bona fide contributions
(v)
Treatment of continuing care retirement communities admission contracts
(6)
Protection of resident funds
(A)
In general
The nursing facility—
(i)
may not require residents to deposit their personal funds with the facility, and
(ii)
upon the written authorization of the resident, must hold, safeguard, and account for such personal funds under a system established and maintained by the facility in accordance with this paragraph.
(B)
Management of personal funds
Upon written authorization of a resident under subparagraph (A)(ii), the facility must manage and account for the personal funds of the resident deposited with the facility as follows:
(i)
Deposit
(ii)
Accounting and records
(iii)
Notice of certain balances
(iv)
Conveyance upon death
(C)
Assurance of financial security
(D)
Limitation on charges to personal funds
(7)
Limitation on charges in case of medicaid-eligible individuals
(A)
In general
(B)
“Certain medicaid-eligible individual” defined
(8)
Posting of survey results
(d)
Requirements relating to administration and other matters
(1)
Administration
(A)
In general
(B)
Required notices
If a change occurs in—
(i)
the persons with an ownership or control interest (as defined in section 1320a–3(a)(3) of this title) in the facility,
(ii)
the persons who are officers, directors, agents, or managing employees (as defined in section 1320a–5(b) of this title) of the facility,
(iii)
the corporation, association, or other company responsible for the management of the facility, or
(iv)
the individual who is the administrator or director of nursing of the facility,
the nursing facility must provide notice to the State agency responsible for the licensing of the facility, at the time of the change, of the change and of the identity of each new person, company, or individual described in the respective clause.
(C)
Nursing facility administrator
(V)
2
2
 So in original. There are no subpars. (D) to (U).
Availability of survey, certification, and complaint investigation reports
A nursing facility must—
(i)
have reports with respect to any surveys, certifications, and complaint investigations made respecting the facility during the 3 preceding years available for any individual to review upon request; and
(ii)
post notice of the availability of such reports in areas of the facility that are prominent and accessible to the public.
The facility shall not make available under clause (i) identifying information about complainants or residents.
(2)
Licensing and Life Safety Code
(A)
Licensing
(B)
Life Safety Code
A nursing facility must meet such provisions of such edition (as specified by the Secretary in regulation) of the Life Safety Code of the National Fire Protection Association as are applicable to nursing homes; except that—
(i)
the Secretary may waive, for such periods as he deems appropriate, specific provisions of such Code which if rigidly applied would result in unreasonable hardship upon a facility, but only if such waiver would not adversely affect the health and safety of residents or personnel, and
(ii)
the provisions of such Code shall not apply in any State if the Secretary finds that in such State there is in effect a fire and safety code, imposed by State law, which adequately protects residents of and personnel in nursing facilities.
(3)
Sanitary and infection control and physical environment
A nursing facility must—
(A)
establish and maintain an infection control program designed to provide a safe, sanitary, and comfortable environment in which residents reside and to help prevent the development and transmission of disease and infection, and
(B)
be designed, constructed, equipped, and maintained in a manner to protect the health and safety of residents, personnel, and the general public.
(4)
Miscellaneous
(A)
Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and professional standards
(B)
Other
(e)
State requirements relating to nursing facility requirements
As a condition of approval of its plan under this subchapter, a State must provide for the following:
(1)
Specification and review of nurse aide training and competency evaluation programs and of nurse aide competency evaluation programs
The State must—
(A)
by not later than January 1, 1989, specify those training and competency evaluation programs, and those competency evaluation programs, that the State approves for purposes of subsection (b)(5) and that meet the requirements established under subsection (f)(2), and
(B)
by not later than January 1, 1990, provide for the review and reapproval of such programs, at a frequency and using a methodology consistent with the requirements established under subsection (f)(2)(A)(iii).
The failure of the Secretary to establish requirements under subsection (f)(2) shall not relieve any State of its responsibility under this paragraph.
(2)
Nurse aide registry
(A)
In general
(B)
Information in registry
(C)
Prohibition against charges
(3)
State appeals process for transfers and discharges
(4)
Nursing facility administrator standards
(5)
Specification of resident assessment instrument
Effective July 1, 1990, the State shall specify the instrument to be used by nursing facilities in the State in complying with the requirement of subsection (b)(3)(A)(iii). Such instrument shall be—
(A)
one of the instruments designated under subsection (f)(6)(B), or
(B)
an instrument which the Secretary has approved as being consistent with the minimum data set of core elements, common definitions, and utilization guidelines specified by the Secretary under subsection (f)(6)(A).
(6)
Notice of medicaid rights
(7)
State requirements for preadmission screening and resident review
(A)
Preadmission screening
(i)
In general
(ii)
Clarification with respect to certain readmissions
(iii)
Exception for certain hospital discharges
The preadmission screening program under clause (i) shall not apply to the admission to a nursing facility of an individual—
(I)
who is admitted to the facility directly from a hospital after receiving acute inpatient care at the hospital,
(II)
who requires nursing facility services for the condition for which the individual received care in the hospital, and
(III)
whose attending physician has certified, before admission to the facility, that the individual is likely to require less than 30 days of nursing facility services.
(B)
State requirement for resident review
(i)
For mentally ill residents
As of April 1, 1990, in the case of each resident of a nursing facility who is mentally ill, the State mental health authority must review and determine (using any criteria developed under subsection (f)(8) and based on an independent physical and mental evaluation performed by a person or entity other than the State mental health authority)—
(I)
whether or not the resident, because of the resident’s physical and mental condition, requires the level of services provided by a nursing facility or requires the level of services of an inpatient psychiatric hospital for individuals under age 21 (as described in section 1396d(h) of this title) or of an institution for mental diseases providing medical assistance to individuals 65 years of age or older; and
(II)
whether or not the resident requires specialized services for mental illness.
(ii)
As of April 1, 1990, in the case of each resident of a nursing facility who is mentally retarded, the State mental retardation or developmental disability authority must review and determine (using any criteria developed under subsection (f)(8))—
(I)
whether or not the resident, because of the resident’s physical and mental condition, requires the level of services provided by a nursing facility or requires the level of services of an intermediate care facility described under section 1396d(d) of this title; and
(II)
whether or not the resident requires specialized services for mental retardation.
(iii)
Review required upon change in resident’s condition
(iv)
Prohibition of delegation
(C)
Response to preadmission screening and resident review
As of April 1, 1990, the State must meet the following requirements:
(i)
Long-term residents not requiring nursing facility services, but requiring specialized services
In the case of a resident who is determined, under subparagraph (B), not to require the level of services provided by a nursing facility, but to require specialized services for mental illness or mental retardation, and who has continuously resided in a nursing facility for at least 30 months before the date of the determination, the State must, in consultation with the resident’s family or legal representative and care-givers—
(I)
inform the resident of the institutional and noninstitutional alternatives covered under the State plan for the resident,
(II)
offer the resident the choice of remaining in the facility or of receiving covered services in an alternative appropriate institutional or noninstitutional setting,
(III)
clarify the effect on eligibility for services under the State plan if the resident chooses to leave the facility (including its effect on readmission to the facility), and
(IV)
regardless of the resident’s choice, provide for (or arrange for the provision of) such specialized services for the mental illness or mental retardation.
 A State shall not be denied payment under this subchapter for nursing facility services for a resident described in this clause because the resident does not require the level of services provided by such a facility, if the resident chooses to remain in such a facility.
(ii)
Other residents not requiring nursing facility services, but requiring specialized services
In the case of a resident who is determined, under subparagraph (B), not to require the level of services provided by a nursing facility, but to require specialized services for mental illness or mental retardation, and who has not continuously resided in a nursing facility for at least 30 months before the date of the determination, the State must, in consultation with the resident’s family or legal representative and care-givers—
(I)
arrange for the safe and orderly discharge of the resident from the facility, consistent with the requirements of subsection (c)(2),
(II)
prepare and orient the resident for such discharge, and
(III)
provide for (or arrange for the provision of) such specialized services for the mental illness or mental retardation.
(iii)
Residents not requiring nursing facility services and not requiring specialized services
In the case of a resident who is determined, under subparagraph (B), not to require the level of services provided by a nursing facility and not to require specialized services for mental illness or mental retardation, the State must—
(I)
arrange for the safe and orderly discharge of the resident from the facility, consistent with the requirements of subsection (c)(2), and
(II)
prepare and orient the resident for such discharge.
(iv)
Annual report
(D)
Denial of payment
(i)
For failure to conduct preadmission screening or review
(ii)
For certain residents not requiring nursing facility level of services
(E)
Permitting alternative disposition plans
(F)
Appeals procedures
(G)
Definitions
In this paragraph and in subsection (b)(3)(F):
(i)
An individual is considered to be “mentally ill” if the individual has a serious mental illness (as defined by the Secretary in consultation with the National Institute of Mental Health) and does not have a primary diagnosis of dementia (including Alzheimer’s disease or a related disorder) or a diagnosis (other than a primary diagnosis) of dementia and a primary diagnosis that is not a serious mental illness.
(ii)
An individual is considered to be “mentally retarded” if the individual is mentally retarded or a person with a related condition (as described in section 1396d(d) of this title).
(iii)
The term “specialized services” has the meaning given such term by the Secretary in regulations, but does not include, in the case of a resident of a nursing facility, services within the scope of services which the facility must provide or arrange for its residents under subsection (b)(4).
(f)
Responsibilities of Secretary relating to nursing facility requirements
(1)
General responsibility
(2)
Requirements for nurse aide training and competency evaluation programs and for nurse aide competency evaluation programs
(A)
In general
For purposes of subsections (b)(5) and (e)(1)(A), the Secretary shall establish, by not later than September 1, 1988
(i)
requirements for the approval of nurse aide training and competency evaluation programs, including requirements relating to (I) the areas to be covered in such a program (including at least basic nursing skills, personal care skills, recognition of mental health and social service needs, care of cognitively impaired residents, basic restorative services, and residents’ rights) and content of the curriculum (including, in the case of initial training and, if the Secretary determines appropriate, in the case of ongoing training, dementia management training, and patient abuse prevention training 3
3
 So in original. Probably should be followed by a closing parenthesis.
, (II) minimum hours of initial and ongoing training and retraining (including not less than 75 hours in the case of initial training), (III) qualifications of instructors, and (IV) procedures for determination of competency;
(ii)
requirements for the approval of nurse aide competency evaluation programs, including requirement relating to the areas to be covered in such a program, including at least basic nursing skills, personal care skills, recognition of mental health and social service needs, care of cognitively impaired residents, basic restorative services, and residents’ rights, and procedures for determination of competency;
(iii)
requirements respecting the minimum frequency and methodology to be used by a State in reviewing such programs’ compliance with the requirements for such programs; and
(iv)
requirements, under both such programs, that—
(I)
provide procedures for determining competency that permit a nurse aide, at the nurse aide’s option, to establish competency through procedures or methods other than the passing of a written examination and to have the competency evaluation conducted at the nursing facility at which the aide is (or will be) employed (unless the facility is described in subparagraph (B)(iii)(I)),
(II)
prohibit the imposition on a nurse aide who is employed by (or who has received an offer of employment from) a facility on the date on which the aide begins either such program of any charges (including any charges for textbooks and other required course materials and any charges for the competency evaluation) for either such program, and
(III)
in the case of a nurse aide not described in subclause (II) who is employed by (or who has received an offer of employment from) a facility not later than 12 months after completing either such program, the State shall provide for the reimbursement of costs incurred in completing such program on a prorata basis during the period in which the nurse aide is so employed.
(B)
Approval of certain programs
Such requirements—
(i)
may permit approval of programs offered by or in facilities, as well as outside facilities (including employee organizations), and of programs in effect on December 22, 1987;
(ii)
shall permit a State to find that an individual who has completed (before July 1, 1989) a nurse aide training and competency evaluation program shall be deemed to have completed such a program approved under subsection (b)(5) if the State determines that, at the time the program was offered, the program met the requirements for approval under such paragraph; and
(iii)
subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), shall prohibit approval of such a program—
(I)
offered by or in a nursing facility which, within the previous 2 years—
(II)
offered by or in a nursing facility unless the State makes the determination, upon an individual’s completion of the program, that the individual is competent to provide nursing and nursing-related services in nursing facilities.
(a)
has operated under a waiver under subsection (b)(4)(C)(ii) that was granted on the basis of a demonstration that the facility is unable to provide the nursing care required under subsection (b)(4)(C)(i) for a period in excess of 48 hours during a week;
(b)
has been subject to an extended (or partial extended) survey under section 1395i–3(g)(2)(B)(i) of this title or subsection (g)(2)(B)(i); or
(c)
has been assessed a civil money penalty described in section 1395i–3(h)(2)(B)(ii) of this title or subsection (h)(2)(A)(ii) of not less than $5,000, or has been subject to a remedy described in subsection (h)(1)(B)(i), clauses 4
4
 So in original. Probably should be “clause”.
(i), (iii), or (iv) of subsection (h)(2)(A), clauses 4 (i) or (iii) of section 1395i–3(h)(2)(B) of this title, or section 1395i–3(h)(4) of this title, or
 A State may not delegate (through subcontract or otherwise) its responsibility under clause (iii)(II) to the nursing facility.
(C)
Waiver authorized
Clause (iii)(I) of subparagraph (B) shall not apply to a program offered in (but not by) a nursing facility (or skilled nursing facility for purposes of subchapter XVIII) in a State if the State—
(i)
determines that there is no other such program offered within a reasonable distance of the facility,
(ii)
assures, through an oversight effort, that an adequate environment exists for operating the program in the facility, and
(iii)
provides notice of such determination and assurances to the State long-term care ombudsman.
(D)
Waiver of disapproval of nurse-aide training programs
(3)
Federal guidelines for State appeals process for transfers and discharges
(4)
Secretarial standards qualification of administrators
(5)
Criteria for administration
The Secretary shall establish criteria for assessing a nursing facility’s compliance with the requirement of subsection (d)(1) with respect to—
(A)
its governing body and management,
(B)
agreements with hospitals regarding transfers of residents to and from the hospitals and to and from other nursing facilities,
(C)
disaster preparedness,
(D)
direction of medical care by a physician,
(E)
laboratory and radiological services,
(F)
clinical records, and
(G)
resident and advocate participation.
(6)
Specification of resident assessment data set and instruments
The Secretary shall—
(A)
not later than January 1, 1989, specify a minimum data set of core elements and common definitions for use by nursing facilities in conducting the assessments required under subsection (b)(3), and establish guidelines for utilization of the data set; and
(B)
by not later than April 1, 1990, designate one or more instruments which are consistent with the specification made under subparagraph (A) and which a State may specify under subsection (e)(5)(A) for use by nursing facilities in complying with the requirements of subsection (b)(3)(A)(iii).
(7)
List of items and services furnished in nursing facilities not chargeable to the personal funds of a resident
(A)
Regulations required
(B)
Rule if failure to publish regulations
(8)
Federal minimum criteria and monitoring for preadmission screening and resident review
(A)
Minimum criteria
(B)
Monitoring compliance
(9)
Criteria for monitoring State waivers
(10)
Special focus facility program
(A)
In general
(B)
Periodic surveys
(g)
Survey and certification process
(1)
State and Federal responsibility
(A)
In general
(B)
Educational program
(C)
Investigation of allegations of resident neglect and abuse and misappropriation of resident property
(D)
Removal of name from nurse aide registry
(i)
In general
In the case of a finding of neglect under subparagraph (C), the State shall establish a procedure to permit a nurse aide to petition the State to have his or her name removed from the registry upon a determination by the State that—
(I)
the employment and personal history of the nurse aide does not reflect a pattern of abusive behavior or neglect; and
(II)
the neglect involved in the original finding was a singular occurrence.
(ii)
Timing of determination
(E)
Construction
(2)
Surveys
(A)
Annual standard survey
(i)
In general
(ii)
Contents
Each standard survey shall include, for a case-mix stratified sample of residents—
(I)
a survey of the quality of care furnished, as measured by indicators of medical, nursing, and rehabilitative care, dietary and nutrition services, activities and social participation, and sanitation, infection control, and the physical environment,
(II)
written plans of care provided under subsection (b)(2) and an audit of the residents’ assessments under subsection (b)(3) to determine the accuracy of such assessments and the adequacy of such plans of care, and
(III)
a review of compliance with residents’ rights under subsection (c).
(iii)
Frequency
(I)
In general
(II)
Special surveys
(B)
Extended surveys
(i)
In general
(ii)
Timing
(iii)
Contents
(iv)
Construction
(C)
Survey protocol
Standard and extended surveys shall be conducted—
(i)
based upon a protocol which the Secretary has developed, tested, and validated by not later than January 1, 1990, and
(ii)
by individuals, of a survey team, who meet such minimum qualifications as the Secretary establishes by not later than such date.
The failure of the Secretary to develop, test, or validate such protocols or to establish such minimum qualifications shall not relieve any State of its responsibility (or the Secretary of the Secretary’s responsibility) to conduct surveys under this subsection.
(D)
Consistency of surveys
(E)
Survey teams
(i)
In general
(ii)
Prohibition of conflicts of interest
(iii)
Training
(3)
Validation surveys
(A)
In general
(B)
Scope
(C)
Reduction in administrative costs for substandard performance
(D)
Special surveys of compliance
(4)
Investigation of complaints and monitoring nursing facility compliance
Each State shall maintain procedures and adequate staff to—
(A)
investigate complaints of violations of requirements by nursing facilities, and
(B)
monitor, on-site, on a regular, as needed basis, a nursing facility’s compliance with the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d), if—
(i)
the facility has been found not to be in compliance with such requirements and is in the process of correcting deficiencies to achieve such compliance;
(ii)
the facility was previously found not to be in compliance with such requirements, has corrected deficiencies to achieve such compliance, and verification of continued compliance is indicated; or
(iii)
the State has reason to question the compliance of the facility with such requirements.
A State may maintain and utilize a specialized team (including an attorney, an auditor, and appropriate health care professionals) for the purpose of identifying, surveying, gathering and preserving evidence, and carrying out appropriate enforcement actions against substandard nursing facilities.
(5)
Disclosure of results of inspections and activities
(A)
Public information
Each State, and the Secretary, shall make available to the public—
(i)
information respecting all surveys and certifications made respecting nursing facilities, including statements of deficiencies, within 14 calendar days after such information is made available to those facilities, and approved plans of correction,
(ii)
copies of cost reports of such facilities filed under this subchapter or under subchapter XVIII,
(iii)
copies of statements of ownership under section 1320a–3 of this title, and
(iv)
information disclosed under section 1320a–5 of this title.
(B)
Notice to ombudsman
(C)
Notice to physicians and nursing facility administrator licensing board
If a State finds that a nursing facility has provided substandard quality of care, the State shall notify—
(i)
the attending physician of each resident with respect to which such finding is made, and
(ii)
any State board responsible for the licensing of the nursing facility administrator of the facility.
(D)
Access to fraud control units
(E)
Submission of survey and certification information to the Secretary
(h)
Enforcement process
(1)
In general
If a State finds, on the basis of a standard, extended, or partial extended survey under subsection (g)(2) or otherwise, that a nursing facility no longer meets a requirement of subsection (b), (c), or (d), and further finds that the facility’s deficiencies—
(A)
immediately jeopardize the health or safety of its residents, the State shall take immediate action to remove the jeopardy and correct the deficiencies through the remedy specified in paragraph (2)(A)(iii), or terminate the facility’s participation under the State plan and may provide, in addition, for one or more of the other remedies described in paragraph (2); or
(B)
do not immediately jeopardize the health or safety of its residents, the State may—
(i)
terminate the facility’s participation under the State plan,
(ii)
provide for one or more of the remedies described in paragraph (2), or
(iii)
do both.
Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as restricting the remedies available to a State to remedy a nursing facility’s deficiencies. If a State finds that a nursing facility meets the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d), but, as of a previous period, did not meet such requirements, the State may provide for a civil money penalty under paragraph (2)(A)(ii) for the days in which it finds that the facility was not in compliance with such requirements.
(2)
Specified remedies
(A)
Listing
Except as provided in subparagraph (B)(ii), each State shall establish by law (whether statute or regulation) at least the following remedies:
(i)
Denial of payment under the State plan with respect to any individual admitted to the nursing facility involved after such notice to the public and to the facility as may be provided for by the State.
(ii)
A civil money penalty assessed and collected, with interest, for each day in which the facility is or was out of compliance with a requirement of subsection (b), (c), or (d). Funds collected by a State as a result of imposition of such a penalty (or as a result of the imposition by the State of a civil money penalty for activities described in subsections (b)(3)(B)(ii)(I), (b)(3)(B)(ii)(II), or (g)(2)(A)(i)) shall be applied to the protection of the health or property of residents of nursing facilities that the State or the Secretary finds deficient, including payment for the costs of relocation of residents to other facilities, maintenance of operation of a facility pending correction of deficiencies or closure, and reimbursement of residents for personal funds lost.
(iii)
The appointment of temporary management to oversee the operation of the facility and to assure the health and safety of the facility’s residents, where there is a need for temporary management while—
(I)
there is an orderly closure of the facility, or
(II)
improvements are made in order to bring the facility into compliance with all the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d).
 The temporary management under this clause shall not be terminated under subclause (II) until the State has determined that the facility has the management capability to ensure continued compliance with all the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d).
(iv)
The authority, in the case of an emergency, to close the facility, to transfer residents in that facility to other facilities, or both.
The State also shall specify criteria, as to when and how each of such remedies is to be applied, the amounts of any fines, and the severity of each of these remedies, to be used in the imposition of such remedies. Such criteria shall be designed so as to minimize the time between the identification of violations and final imposition of the remedies and shall provide for the imposition of incrementally more severe fines for repeated or uncorrected deficiencies. In addition, the State may provide for other specified remedies, such as directed plans of correction.
(B)
Deadline and guidance
(i)
Except as provided in clause (ii), as a condition for approval of a State plan for calendar quarters beginning on or after October 1, 1989, each State shall establish the remedies described in clauses (i) through (iv) of subparagraph (A) by not later than October 1, 1989. The Secretary shall provide, through regulations by not later than October 1, 1988, guidance to States in establishing such remedies; but the failure of the Secretary to provide such guidance shall not relieve a State of the responsibility for establishing such remedies.
(ii)
A State may establish alternative remedies (other than termination of participation) other than those described in clauses (i) through (iv) of subparagraph (A), if the State demonstrates to the Secretary’s satisfaction that the alternative remedies are as effective in deterring noncompliance and correcting deficiencies as those described in subparagraph (A).
(C)
Assuring prompt compliance
(D)
Repeated noncompliance
In the case of a nursing facility which, on 3 consecutive standard surveys conducted under subsection (g)(2), has been found to have provided substandard quality of care, the State shall (regardless of what other remedies are provided)—
(i)
impose the remedy described in subparagraph (A)(i), and
(ii)
monitor the facility under subsection (g)(4)(B),
until the facility has demonstrated, to the satisfaction of the State, that it is in compliance with the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d), and that it will remain in compliance with such requirements.
(E)
Funding
(F)
Incentives for high quality care
(3)
Secretarial authority
(A)
For State nursing facilities
(B)
Other nursing facilities
With respect to any other nursing facility in a State, if the Secretary finds that a nursing facility no longer meets a requirement of subsection (b), (c), (d), or (e), and further finds that the facility’s deficiencies—
(i)
immediately jeopardize the health or safety of its residents, the Secretary shall take immediate action to remove the jeopardy and correct the deficiencies through the remedy specified in subparagraph (C)(iii), or terminate the facility’s participation under the State plan and may provide, in addition, for one or more of the other remedies described in subparagraph (C); or
(ii)
do not immediately jeopardize the health or safety of its residents, the Secretary may impose any of the remedies described in subparagraph (C).
Nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed as restricting the remedies available to the Secretary to remedy a nursing facility’s deficiencies. If the Secretary finds that a nursing facility meets such requirements but, as of a previous period, did not meet such requirements, the Secretary may provide for a civil money penalty under subparagraph (C)(ii) for the days on which he finds that the facility was not in compliance with such requirements.
(C)
Specified remedies
The Secretary may take the following actions with respect to a finding that a facility has not met an applicable requirement:
(i)
Denial of payment
(ii)
Authority with respect to civil money penalties
(I)
In general
(II)
Reduction of civil money penalties in certain circumstances
(III)
Prohibitions on reduction for certain deficiencies
(aa)
Repeat deficiencies
(bb)
Certain other deficiencies
(IV)
Collection of civil money penalties
In the case of a civil money penalty imposed under this clause, the Secretary shall issue regulations that—
(aa)
subject to item (cc), not later than 30 days after the imposition of the penalty, provide for the facility to have the opportunity to participate in an independent informal dispute resolution process which generates a written record prior to the collection of such penalty;
(bb)
in the case where the penalty is imposed for each day of noncompliance, provide that a penalty may not be imposed for any day during the period beginning on the initial day of the imposition of the penalty and ending on the day on which the informal dispute resolution process under item (aa) is completed;
(cc)
may provide for the collection of such civil money penalty and the placement of such amounts collected in an escrow account under the direction of the Secretary on the earlier of the date on which the informal dispute resolution process under item (aa) is completed or the date that is 90 days after the date of the imposition of the penalty;
(dd)
may provide that such amounts collected are kept in such account pending the resolution of any subsequent appeals;
(ee)
in the case where the facility successfully appeals the penalty, may provide for the return of such amounts collected (plus interest) to the facility; and
(ff)
in the case where all such appeals are unsuccessful, may provide that some portion of such amounts collected may be used to support activities that benefit residents, including assistance to support and protect residents of a facility that closes (voluntarily or involuntarily) or is decertified (including offsetting costs of relocating residents to home and community-based settings or another facility), projects that support resident and family councils and other consumer involvement in assuring quality care in facilities, and facility improvement initiatives approved by the Secretary (including joint training of facility staff and surveyors, technical assistance for facilities implementing quality assurance programs, the appointment of temporary management firms, and other activities approved by the Secretary).
(iii)
Appointment of temporary management
In consultation with the State, the Secretary may appoint temporary management to oversee the operation of the facility and to assure the health and safety of the facility’s residents, where there is a need for temporary management while—
(I)
there is an orderly closure of the facility, or
(II)
improvements are made in order to bring the facility into compliance with all the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d).
 The temporary management under this clause shall not be terminated under subclause (II) until the Secretary has determined that the facility has the management capability to ensure continued compliance with all the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d).
The Secretary shall specify criteria, as to when and how each of such remedies is to be applied, the amounts of any fines, and the severity of each of these remedies, to be used in the imposition of such remedies. Such criteria shall be designed so as to minimize the time between the identification of violations and final imposition of the remedies and shall provide for the imposition of incrementally more severe fines for repeated or uncorrected deficiencies. In addition, the Secretary may provide for other specified remedies, such as directed plans of correction.
(D)
Continuation of payments pending remediation
The Secretary may continue payments, over a period of not longer than 6 months after the effective date of the findings, under this subchapter with respect to a nursing facility not in compliance with a requirement of subsection (b), (c), or (d), if—
(i)
the State survey agency finds that it is more appropriate to take alternative action to assure compliance of the facility with the requirements than to terminate the certification of the facility, and
(ii)
the State has submitted a plan and timetable for corrective action to the Secretary for approval and the Secretary approves the plan of corrective action.
The Secretary shall establish guidelines for approval of corrective actions requested by States under this subparagraph.
(4)
Effective period of denial of payment
(5)
Immediate termination of participation for facility where State or Secretary finds noncompliance and immediate jeopardy
(6)
Special rules where State and Secretary do not agree on finding of noncompliance
(A)
State finding of noncompliance and no secretarial finding of noncompliance
(B)
Secretarial finding of noncompliance and no State finding of noncompliance
If the Secretary finds that a nursing facility has not met all the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d), and that the failure does not immediately jeopardize the health or safety of its residents, but the State has not made such a finding, the Secretary—
(i)
may impose any remedies specified in paragraph (3)(C) with respect to the facility, and
(ii)
shall (pending any termination by the Secretary) permit continuation of payments in accordance with paragraph (3)(D).
(7)
Special rules for timing of termination of participation where remedies overlap
If both the Secretary and the State find that a nursing facility has not met all the requirements of subsections (b), (c), and (d), and neither finds that the failure immediately jeopardizes the health or safety of its residents—
(A)
(i)
if both find that the facility’s participation under the State plan should be terminated, the State’s timing of any termination shall control so long as the termination date does not occur later than 6 months after the date of the finding to terminate;
(ii)
if the Secretary, but not the State, finds that the facility’s participation under the State plan should be terminated, the Secretary shall (pending any termination by the Secretary) permit continuation of payments in accordance with paragraph (3)(D); or
(iii)
if the State, but not the Secretary, finds that the facility’s participation under the State plan should be terminated, the State’s decision to terminate, and timing of such termination, shall control; and
(B)
(i)
if the Secretary or the State, but not both, establishes one or more remedies which are additional or alternative to the remedy of terminating the facility’s participation under the State plan, such additional or alternative remedies shall also be applied, or
(ii)
if both the Secretary and the State establish one or more remedies which are additional or alternative to the remedy of terminating the facility’s participation under the State plan, only the additional or alternative remedies of the Secretary shall apply.
(8)
Construction
(9)
Sharing of information
(i)
Nursing Home Compare website
(1)
Inclusion of additional information
(A)
In general
The Secretary shall ensure that the Department of Health and Human Services includes, as part of the information provided for comparison of nursing homes on the official Internet website of the Federal Government for Medicare beneficiaries (commonly referred to as the “Nursing Home Compare” Medicare website) (or a successor website), the following information in a manner that is prominent, updated on a timely basis, easily accessible, readily understandable to consumers of long-term care services, and searchable:
(i)
Staffing data for each facility (including resident census data and data on the hours of care provided per resident per day) based on data submitted under section 1320a–7j(g) of this title, including information on staffing turnover and tenure, in a format that is clearly understandable to consumers of long-term care services and allows such consumers to compare differences in staffing between facilities and State and national averages for the facilities. Such format shall include—
(I)
concise explanations of how to interpret the data (such as plain English explanation of data reflecting “nursing home staff hours per resident day”);
(II)
differences in types of staff (such as training associated with different categories of staff);
(III)
the relationship between nurse staffing levels and quality of care; and
(IV)
an explanation that appropriate staffing levels vary based on patient case mix.
(ii)
Links to State Internet websites with information regarding State survey and certification programs, links to Form 2567 State inspection reports (or a successor form) on such websites, information to guide consumers in how to interpret and understand such reports, and the facility plan of correction or other response to such report. Any such links shall be posted on a timely basis.
(iii)
The standardized complaint form developed under section 1320a–7j(f) of this title, including explanatory material on what complaint forms are, how they are used, and how to file a complaint with the State survey and certification program and the State long-term care ombudsman program.
(iv)
Summary information on the number, type, severity, and outcome of substantiated complaints.
(v)
The number of adjudicated instances of criminal violations by a facility or the employees of a facility—
(I)
that were committed inside of the facility; and
(II)
with respect to such instances of violations or crimes committed outside of the facility, that were violations or crimes that resulted in the serious bodily injury of an elder.
(B)
Deadline for provision of information
(i)
In general
(ii)
Exception
(2)
Review and modification of website
(A)
In general
The Secretary shall establish a process—
(i)
to review the accuracy, clarity of presentation, timeliness, and comprehensiveness of information reported on such website as of the day before March 23, 2010; and
(ii)
not later than 1 year after March 23, 2010, to modify or revamp such website in accordance with the review conducted under clause (i).
(B)
Consultation
In conducting the review under subparagraph (A)(i), the Secretary shall consult with—
(i)
State long-term care ombudsman programs;
(ii)
consumer advocacy groups;
(iii)
provider stakeholder groups;
(iv)
skilled nursing facility employees and their representatives; and
(v)
any other representatives of programs or groups the Secretary determines appropriate.
(j)
Construction
(k)
Funding for State strike teams
(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XIX, § 1919, as added and amended Pub. L. 100–203, title IV, §§ 4211(a)(3), (c), 4212(a), (b), 4213(a), 4216, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–182, 1330–196, 1330–207, 1330–213, 1330–220, as amended Pub. L. 100–360, title IV, § 411(l)(3)(C)(ii), (6)(B), (8)(A), July 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 803–805; Pub. L. 100–360, title III, § 303(a)(2), title IV, § 411(l)(2)(A)–(D), (F)–(K), (L)(ii), (3)(A), (B), (C)(iii), (D), (5), (6)(A), (7), (8)(B), July 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 760, 801–805, as amended Pub. L. 100–485, title VI, § 608(d)(27)(C)–(E), (I), Oct. 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 2423; Pub. L. 101–239, title VI, § 6901(b)(1), (3), (4)(A), (d)(1), (4), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2298–2301; Pub. L. 101–508, title IV, §§ 4751(b)(2), 4801(a)(2)–(6)(A), (7), (b)(2)–(5)(A), (6)–(8), (d)(1), (e)(2)–(7)(A), (8)–(10), (12)–(15), (18), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–205, 1388–211 to 1388–219; Pub. L. 102–375, title VII, § 708(a)(1)(B), Sept. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 1292; Pub. L. 104–315, §§ 1(a), 2(a), (b), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3824; Pub. L. 105–15, § 1, May 15, 1997, 111 Stat. 34; Pub. L. 105–33, title IV, §§ 4754(a), 4755(b), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 526; Pub. L. 106–4, § 2(a), Mar. 25, 1999, 113 Stat. 7; Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(6) [title VI, § 608(p)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–397; Pub. L. 106–402, title IV, § 401(b)(6)(A), Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1738; Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(6) [title IX, § 941(b)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–586; Pub. L. 108–173, title IX, § 932(c)(2), Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2401; Pub. L. 109–171, title VI, § 6015(a), Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 65; Pub. L. 109–432, div. B, title IV, § 405(c)(2)(B), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3000; Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, §§ 6101(c)(1)(B), 6103(b)(1), (2)(A), (3), (c)(2), 6111(b), 6121(b), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 702, 707–709, 715, 721; Pub. L. 117–2, title IX, § 9818, Mar. 11, 2021, 135 Stat. 218.)
cite as: 42 USC 1396r