U.S Code last checked for updates: Jun 18, 2024
§ 11302.
General definition of homeless individual
In general
For purposes of this chapter, the terms “homeless”, “homeless individual”, and “homeless person” means— 1
 So in original. Probably should be “mean—”.
an individual or family who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence;
an individual or family with a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings, including a car, park, abandoned building, bus or train station, airport, or camping ground;
an individual or family living in a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter designated to provide temporary living arrangements (including hotels and motels paid for by Federal, State, or local government programs for low-income individuals or by charitable organizations, congregate shelters, and transitional housing);
an individual who resided in a shelter or place not meant for human habitation and who is exiting an institution where he or she temporarily resided;
an individual or family who—
will imminently lose their housing, including housing they own, rent, or live in without paying rent, are sharing with others, and rooms in hotels or motels not paid for by Federal, State, or local government programs for low-income individuals or by charitable organizations, as evidenced by—
a court order resulting from an eviction action that notifies the individual or family that they must leave within 14 days;
the individual or family having a primary nighttime residence that is a room in a hotel or motel and where they lack the resources necessary to reside there for more than 14 days; or
credible evidence indicating that the owner or renter of the housing will not allow the individual or family to stay for more than 14 days, and any oral statement from an individual or family seeking homeless assistance that is found to be credible shall be considered credible evidence for purposes of this clause;
has no subsequent residence identified; and
lacks the resources or support networks needed to obtain other permanent housing; and
unaccompanied youth and homeless families with children and youth defined as homeless under other Federal statutes who—
have experienced a long term period without living independently in permanent housing,
have experienced persistent instability as measured by frequent moves over such period, and
can be expected to continue in such status for an extended period of time because of chronic disabilities, chronic physical health or mental health conditions, substance addiction, histories of domestic violence or childhood abuse, the presence of a child or youth with a disability, or multiple barriers to employment.
Domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, and other dangerous, traumatic, or life-threatening conditions relating to such violence
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the Secretary shall consider to be homeless any individual or family who—
is experiencing trauma or a lack of safety related to, or fleeing or attempting to flee, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, or other dangerous, traumatic, or life-threatening conditions related to the violence against the individual or a family member in the individual’s or family’s current housing situation, including where the health and safety of children are jeopardized;
has no other safe residence; and
lacks the resources to obtain other safe permanent housing.
Income eligibility
In general
Persons experiencing homelessness
(Pub. L. 100–77, title I, § 103, July 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 485; Pub. L. 101–625, title VIII, § 822, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4355; Pub. L. 101–645, title VI, § 602, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4734; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(f) [title VIII, § 405(d)(41), (f)(32)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–337, 2681–427, 2681–434; Pub. L. 111–22, div. B, § 1003(a), title V, § 1502(b), May 20, 2009, 123 Stat. 1664, 1701; Pub. L. 113–128, title V, § 512(s), July 22, 2014, 128 Stat. 1712; Pub. L. 117–103, div. W, title VI, § 605(a)(1), Mar. 15, 2022, 136 Stat. 886.)
cite as: 42 USC 11302