U.S Code last checked for updates: May 27, 2024
§ 1603.
In this chapter:
Area office
Behavioral health
In general
California Indian
Community college
The term “community college” means—
a tribal college or university; or
a junior or community college.
Contract health service
The term “contract health service” means any health service that is—
delivered based on a referral by, or at the expense of, an Indian health program; and
provided by a public or private medical provider or hospital that is not a provider or hospital of the Indian health program.
Disease prevention
In general
The term “disease prevention” means any activity for—
the reduction, limitation, and prevention of—
disease; and
complications of disease; and
the reduction of consequences of disease.
The term “disease prevention” includes an activity for—
the development of diabetes;
high blood pressure;
infectious agents;
occupational hazards and disabilities;
sexually transmittable diseases; or
toxic agents; or
fluoridation of water; or
The term “fetal alcohol syndrome” or “FAS” means a syndrome in which, with a history of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, the following criteria are met:
Central nervous system involvement such as mental retardation, developmental delay, intellectual deficit, microencephaly, or neurologic abnormalities.
Craniofacial abnormalities with at least 2 of the following: microophthalmia, short palpebral fissures, poorly developed philtrum, thin upper lip, flat nasal bridge, and short upturned nose.
Prenatal or postnatal growth delay.
Health profession
Health promotion
The term “health promotion” means any activity for—
fostering social, economic, environmental, and personal factors conducive to health, including raising public awareness regarding health matters and enabling individuals to cope with health problems by increasing knowledge and providing valid information;
encouraging adequate and appropriate diet, exercise, and sleep;
promoting education and work in accordance with physical and mental capacity;
making available safe water and sanitary facilities;
improving the physical, economic, cultural, psychological, and social environment;
promoting culturally competent care; and
providing adequate and appropriate programs, including programs for—
abuse prevention (mental and physical);
community health;
community safety;
consumer health education;
diet and nutrition;
immunization and other methods of prevention of communicable diseases, including HIV/AIDS;
environmental health;
exercise and physical fitness;
avoidance of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders;
first aid and CPR education;
human growth and development;
injury prevention and personal safety;
behavioral health;
monitoring of disease indicators between health care provider visits through appropriate means, including Internet-based health care management systems;
personal health and wellness practices;
personal capacity building;
prenatal, pregnancy, and infant care;
psychological well-being;
reproductive health and family planning;
safe and adequate water;
healthy work environments;
elimination, reduction, and prevention of contaminants that create unhealthy household conditions (including mold and other allergens);
stress control;
substance abuse;
sanitary facilities;
sudden infant death syndrome prevention;
tobacco use cessation and reduction;
violence prevention; and
such other activities identified by the Service, a tribal health program, or an urban Indian organization to promote achievement of any of the objectives referred to in section 1602(2) of this title.
Indian health program
The term “Indian health program” means—
any health program administered directly by the Service;
any tribal health program; and
any Indian tribe or tribal organization to which the Secretary provides funding pursuant to section 47 of this title.
Indians or Indian
The term “Indians” or “Indian”, unless otherwise designated, means any person who is a member of an Indian tribe, as defined in subsection (d) hereof,1
 See References in Text note below.
except that, for the purpose of sections 1612 and 1613 of this title, such terms shall mean any individual who 2
 So in original. Probably should be followed by a dash.
 So in original. The comma probably should not appear.
irrespective of whether he or she lives on or near a reservation, is a member of a tribe, band, or other organized group of Indians, including those tribes, bands, or groups terminated since 1940 and those recognized now or in the future by the State in which they reside, or who is a descendant, in the first or second degree, of any such member, or
is an Eskimo or Aleut or other Alaska Native, or
is considered by the Secretary of the Interior to be an Indian for any purpose, or
is determined to be an Indian under regulations promulgated by the Secretary.
Indian tribe
Junior or community college
In general
The term “reservation” includes—
former reservations in Oklahoma;
Indian allotments; and
Alaska Native Regions established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.).
Service area
Service unit
Substance abuse
Tribal college or university
Tribal health program
Tribal organization
Urban center
Urban Indian
Urban Indian organization
(Pub. L. 94–437, § 4, Sept. 30, 1976, 90 Stat. 1401; Pub. L. 96–537, § 2, Dec. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 3173; Pub. L. 100–713, title II, §§ 201(b), 203(b), title V, § 502, Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4803, 4804, 4824; Pub. L. 102–573, § 3(c), title IX, § 902(1), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4529, 4591; Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(a), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3820; Pub. L. 111–148, title X, § 10221(a), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 935.)
cite as: 25 USC 1603