U.S Code last checked for updates: Jul 21, 2024
§ 170.
American Television and Radio Archives
Establishment and maintenance in Library of Congress; purpose; determination of composition, cataloging, indexing and availability by Librarian
The Librarian of Congress (hereinafter referred to as the “Librarian”) shall establish and maintain in the Library of Congress a library to be known as the American Television and Radio Archives (hereinafter referred to as the “Archives”). The purpose of the Archives shall be to preserve a permanent record of the television and radio programs which are the heritage of the people of the United States and to provide access to such programs to historians and scholars without encouraging or causing copyright infringement.
The Librarian, after consultation with interested organizations and individuals, shall determine and place in the Archives such copies and phonorecords of television and radio programs transmitted to the public in the United States and in other countries which are of present or potential public or cultural interest, historical significance, cognitive value, or otherwise worthy of preservation, including copies and phonorecords of published and unpublished transmission programs—
acquired in accordance with sections 407 and 408 of title 17; and
transferred from the existing collections of the Library of Congress; and
given to or exchanged with the Archives by other libraries, archives, organizations, and individuals; and
purchased from the owner thereof.
The Librarian shall maintain and publish appropriate catalogs and indexes of the collections of the Archives, and shall make such collections available for study and research under the conditions prescribed under this section.
Reproduction, compilation, and distribution for research of regularly scheduled newscasts or on-the-spot coverage of news events by Librarian; promulgation of regulations
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106 of title 17, the Librarian is authorized with respect to a transmission program which consists of a regularly scheduled newscast or on-the-spot coverage of news events and, under standards and conditions that the Librarian shall prescribe by regulation—
to reproduce a fixation of such a program, in the same or another tangible form, for the purposes of preservation or security or for distribution under the conditions of clause (3) of this subsection; and
to compile, without abridgment or any other editing, portions of such fixations according to subject matter, and to reproduce such compilations for the purpose of clause (1) of this subsection; and
to distribute a reproduction made under clause (1) or (2) of this subsection—
by loan to a person engaged in research; and
for deposit in a library or archives which meets the requirements of section 108(a) of title 17,
in either case for use only in research and not for further reproduction or performance.
Liability for copyright infringement by Librarian or any employee of Librarian
Short title
(Pub. L. 94–553, title I, § 113, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2601.)
cite as: 2 USC 170