CHAPTER 20
PREPARATIONS OF VEGETABLES, FRUIT, NUTS
OR OTHER PARTS OF PLANTS
IV
20-1
Notes
  • 1. This chapter does not cover:
    • (a) Vegetables, fruit or nuts, prepared or preserved by the processes specified in chapter 7, 8 or 11;
    • (b) Food preparations containing more than 20 percent by weight of sausage, meat, meat offal, blood, fish or crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates, or any combination thereof (chapter 16);
    • (c) Bakers' wares and other products of heading 1905; or
    • (d) Homogenized composite food preparations of heading 2104.
  • 2. Headings 2007 and 2008 do not apply to fruit jellies, fruit pastes, sugar-coated almonds or the like in the form of sugar confectionery (heading 1704) or chocolate confectionery (heading 1806).
  • 3. Heading 2001, 2004 and 2005 cover, as the case may be, only those products of chapter 7 or of heading 1105 or 1106 (other than flour, meal and powder of the products of chapter 8), which have been prepared or preserved by processes other than those referred to in note 1(a).
  • 4. Tomato juice the dry weight content of which is 7 percent or more is to be classified in heading 2002.
  • 5. For the purposes of heading 2007, the expression " obtained by cooking" means obtained by heat treatment at atmospheric pressure or under reduced pressure to increase the viscosity of a product through reduction of water content or other means.
  • 6. For the purposes of heading 2009 the expression "juices, unfermented and not containing added spirit" means juices of an alcoholic strength by volume (see note 2 to chapter 22) not exceeding 0.5 percent vol.
Subheading Notes
  • 1. For the purposes of subheading 2005.10, the expression "homogenized vegetables" means preparations of vegetables, finely homogenized, put up for retail sale as food suitable for infants or young children or for dietetic purposes, in containers of a net weight content not exceeding 250 g. For the application of this definition no account is to be taken of small quantities of any ingredients which may have been added to the preparation for seasoning, preservation or other purposes. These preparations may contain a small quantity of visible pieces of vegetables. Subheading 2005.10 takes precedence over all other subheadings of heading 2005.
  • 2. For the purposes of subheading 2007.10, the expression "homogenized preparations" means preparations of fruit, finely homogenized, put up for retail sale as food suitable for infants or young children or for dietetic purposes, in containers of a net weight content not exceeding 250 g. For the application of this definition no account is to be taken of small quantities of any ingredients which may have been added to the preparation for seasoning, preservation or other purposes. These preparations may contain a small quantity of visible pieces of fruit. Subheading 2007.10 takes precedence over all other subheadings of heading 2007.
  • 3. For the purposes of subheadings 2009.12, 2009.21, 2009.31, 2009.41, 2009.61 and 2009.71, the expression " Brix value" means the direct reading of degrees Brix obtained from a Brix hydrometer or of refractive index expressed in terms of percentage sucrose content obtained from a refractometer, at a temperature of 20 °C or corrected for 20 °C if the reading is made at a different temperature.
Additional U.S. Notes
  • 1. For the purposes of heading 2009:
    • (a) The term "liter" in the "Rates of Duty" column of the provisions applicable to fruit juices means liter of natural unconcentrated fruit juice or liter of reconstituted fruit juice;
    • (b) The term "reconstituted fruit juice" means the product which can be obtained by mixing the imported concentrate with water in such proportion that the product will have a Brix value equal to that found by the Secretary of the Treasury from time to time to be the average Brix value of like natural unconcentrated juice in the trade and commerce of the United States; and
    • (c) The term "Brix value" means the refractometric sucrose value of the juice, adjusted to compensate for the effect of any added sweetening materials, and thereafter corrected for acid.
  • 2. In determining the number of liters of reconstituted fruit juice which can be obtained from a concentrate, the degree of concentration shall be calculated on a volume basis to the nearest 0.5 degree, as determined by the ratio of the Brix value of the imported concentrated juice to that of the reconstituted juice, corrected for differences of specific gravity of the juices. Any juice having a degree of concentration of less than 1.5 (as determined before correction to the nearest 0.5 degree) shall be regarded as a natural unconcentrated juice.
  • 3. In determining the degree of concentration of mixed fruit juices, the mixture shall be considered as being wholly of the component juice having the lowest Brix value.
  • 4. The aggregate quantity of olives entered under subheadings 0711.20.18 and 2005.70.06 in any calendar year shall not exceed 4,400 metric tons.
  • 5. The aggregate quantity of peanut butter and paste entered under subheading 2008.11.05 in any calendar year shall not exceed the quantities specified in this note (articles the product of Mexico shall not be permitted or included under the aforementioned quantitative limitation and no such articles shall be classifiable therein).
    Quantity
    (metric tons)
    Canada14,500
    Argentina3,650
    Countries or territories identified in additional U.S. note 6 to this chapter combined (aggregate) 1,600
    Other countries or areas250
    Imports of peanut butter and paste under this note are subject to regulations as may be issued by the United States Trade Representative or other designated agency.
  • 6. The expression "Countries or territories identified in additional U.S. note 6 to this chapter" means that those countries listed below shall be eligible to enter, in the aggregate, the quantity specified in additional U.S. note 5 to this chapter:
    AlbaniaDominicaLesothoRwanda
    AngolaDominican RepublicLiberiaSt. Helena
    AnguillaDjiboutiLithuaniaSt. Kitts and Nevis
    Antigua and BarbudaEcuadorMacaoSt. Lucia
    ArgentinaEgyptMadagascarSt. Vincent and the Grenadines
    ArubaEl Salvador MalawiSao Tome and Principe
    BahamasEquatorial Guinea MalaysiaSenegal
    BahrainEthiopia Maldive IslandsSeychelles
    BangladeshEstonia MaliSierra Leone
    BarbadosFalkland Islands Malta and GozoSlovakia
    BelizeFrench Polynesia MauritaniaSlovenia
    BeninFiji MauritiusSolomon Islands
    BhutanGabon MontserratSomalia
    BoliviaGambia, The MoroccoSri Lanka
    Bosnia-HercegovinaGhana MozambiqueSuriname
    BotswanaGibraltarNamibiaSwaziland
    BrazilGreenland NepalTanzania
    British Indian Ocean TerritoryGrenadaNetherlands AntillesThailand
    British Virgin IslandsGuatemala New CaledoniaTogo
    BulgariaGuinea NicaraguaTokelau Islands
    BurkinaGuinea-Bissau NigerTonga
    BurundiGuyana NiueTrinidad and Tobago
    CameroonHaiti Norfolk IslandTunisia
    Cape VerdeHeard Island and McDonald Islands North MacedoniaTurkey
    Cayman IslandsHondurasOmanTurks and Caicos Islands
    Central African RepublicHungaryPakistanTuvalu
    ChadIndiaPalauUganda
    ChileIndonesiaPanamaUkraine
    Christmas Island (in the Indian Ocean)IsraelPapua New GuineaUruguay
    Cocos (Keeling) IslandIvory CoastParaguayVanuatu
    ColombiaJamaicaPeruVenezuela
    ComorosJordanPhilippinesWallis and Futuna
    CongoKazakhstanPitcairn IslandWestern Sahara
    Cook IslandsKenyaPolandWestern Samoa
    Costa RicaKiribatiRepublic of South AfricaZaire
    CroatiaKyrgyzstanRepublic of YemenZambia
    CyprusLatviaRomaniaZimbabwe
    Czech RepublicLebanonRussia
Statistical Note
  • 1. For the purposes of statistical reporting in heading 2009, the term "liters" in the "Units of Quantity" column of the provisions applicable to fruit juices means liters of natural unconcentrated juice or liters of reconstituted juice (as defined in additional U.S. note 1(b) above).
Compiler's Note
The provisions of subchapter II of chapter 99 (Miscellaneous Tariff Bills or MTBs), the provisions of the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) found in General Note 4 and most product exclusions from the additional tariffs on products of China in subchapter III of chapter 99 expired on December 31, 2020. However, no endnotes or footnotes relating to these provisions have been deleted as of the issue date of this edition.

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